DFID funds a number of projects in Shan state: the Fund for HIV/AIDS in Myanmar, to which DFID has committed £10 million over five years, provides anti-retroviral treatment in almost every township; a project to strengthen the capacity of doctors to provide affordable TB and malaria services to low-income people (£393,275 over three years) operates in the north and west of the state; and a programme with Save the Children to provide early childhood care and education (£2.7 million over three years) in the most northern townships. These projects have been designed with the primary purpose of reducing poverty, rather than to support specific ethnic minority groups, any of which are able to access all of these projects.
DFID has not provided funds for cross border aid from Thailand for internally displaced people in Burma. We are, however, supporting efforts to provide limited emergency assistance to displaced people from inside Burma and we are providing funding to help support refugees in Thailand.
The concept of DFID involvement in the new multi-donor fund to tackle HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria in Burma was agreed by Ministers in March 2006, but the detail of the project has yet to be finally approved. In the process of preparing for a decision, DFID is, with the other donor partners, involved in a process of consultation with the regime in Burma to ensure that they do not seek to apply restrictions which would prevent the effective operation of the Three Diseases Fund.