Improving health care is a priority for Iraq's reconstruction and for the Iraqi people's quality of life. In the health sector, DFID has given funding directly to specialist organisations. Since 2003, we have provided:
£5 million to the World Health Organisation for emergency medical supplies, support to clinics and hospitals in Baghdad and Basra, and support to the Iraqi Government's Ministry of Health.
£30 million to the UN Trust Fund, which was earmarked for spending on health, education, water, sanitation, electricity, refugees, mine action, governance and electoral support.
£40 million to the World Bank Trust Fund, which funds reconstruction work in a number of areas including health.
£85 million to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and UNICEF, in response to the UN Emergency Appeals launched in March and June 2003, to help avert major humanitarian crisis, and to assist in the restoration of essential services, including primary and child health care.
£32 million to the International Red Cross and Red Crescent (IRRC) movement for their Humanitarian Appeals from 2003 to 2006, for emergency rehabilitation and repair of health, water and sanitation facilities.
£7.2 million to NGOs for their post-conflict humanitarian work in Iraq, in a number of sectors including health and nutrition.
During 2004-05, DFID also supported the secondment of a senior adviser from the UK's Department of Health, who provided technical assistance to the Iraqi Ministry of Health in Baghdad.
Monitoring progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is the responsibility of the UN, and DFID uses their official assessments. The recently published United Nations Millennium Development Goals Report is a comprehensive account of progress to date on each of the goals worldwide, and how great an effort remains necessary to meet them. It can be found at:
It is difficult to assess progress towards the MDGs in Iraq accurately, due to lack of official data. However, UNICEF is currently conducting a Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey in Iraq, which will collect data on the MDGs. The results of this survey, expected to issue by the end of 2006, will enable the Government of Iraq and the international community to take better stock of Iraq's progress towards the MDGs. DFID's most recent analysis of the available data on the MDGs in Iraq, conducted in February 2006, identifies the following:
Child malnutrition rose from 12 per cent. in 1991 to 16 per cent. in 2000.
Primary school completion rates fell from 62 per cent. in 1988 to 56 per cent. in 1999.
Women's representation in Parliament fell from 11 per cent. in 1990 to 8 per cent. in 2003. But in Iraq's new Parliament, elected in December 2005, just over 25 per cent. of representatives are women.
Under-5 mortality rose from 50 deaths per 1,000 births in 1990 to 125 deaths per 1,000 births in 2003.
Numbers of children immunised against measles rose from 80 per cent. of children in 1990 to 90 per cent. of children in 2003.
The number of births attended by health staff rose from 54 per cent. in 1989 to 72 per cent. in 2000.
Deaths from tuberculosis (TB) rose from 21 deaths per 100,000 in 1990 to 33 deaths per 100,000 in 2003.
The proportion of people with access to drinking water remained stable at around 83 per cent. between 1990 and 2004.
The proportion of people with access to sanitation fell from 81 per cent. in 1990 to 64 per cent. in 2004.
Gender equality remained stable between 1990 and 2002, at around 82 girls for every 100 boys in primary school.
The proportion of slum dwellers in Iraqi cities remained stable between 1990 and 2001 at 43 per cent.
Iraq's forest cover has remained stable between 1990 and 2000, at around 2 per cent.
In all cases, the end year quoted is the last year for which data were available.