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People Living in Poverty

Volume 449: debated on Tuesday 25 July 2006

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions how many people were estimated to be living in poverty in (a) rural and (b) non-rural areas in each year since 1997; and what each figure represents per 1,000 population. (85942)

The following table shows the number of all individuals living in households which are situated in either rural or urban areas of England and with household incomes below the 60 per cent. threshold of the contemporary median. The threshold of 60 per cent. of median household income is the most commonly used in reporting trends in low income. The figures are on a before and after housing costs basis for the years 1996-97 to 2004-05. The urban/rural marker information is not available on a consistent basis on the data for Scotland and Wales.

Number of all individuals falling below 60 per cent. of the contemporary median income, by urban/rural: England, 1997-98 to 2004-05

Before housing costs

After housing costs

Total number of all individuals (million)

Urban

Rural

Urban

Rural

Urban

Rural

1997-98

Number (million). Below 60 per cent. median

6.5

2.2

8.7

2.7

133.8

114.0

Number per 1,000. Below 60 per cent. median

190

150

260

200

1

1

1998-99

Number (million). Below 60 per cent. median

6.4

2.2

8.6

2.8

234.5

213.6

Number per 1,000. Below 60 per cent. median

190

160

250

210

2

2

1999-2000

Number (million). Below 60 per cent. median

6.4

2.1

8.6

2.7

334.5

313.7

Number per 1,000. Below 60 per cent. median

180

150

250

200

3

3

2000-01

Number (million). Below 60 per cent. median

6.1

2.0

8.3

2.6

434.4

414.0

Number per 1,000. Below 60 per cent. median

180

140

240

190

4

4

2001-02

Number (million). Below 60 per cent. median

6.1

2.0

8.1

2.5

534.9

513.7

Number per 1,000. Below 60 per cent. median

170

150

230

180

5

5

2002-03

Number (million). Below 60 per cent. median

6.2

2.0

8.1

2.4

634.9

613.9

Number per 1,000. Below 60 per cent. median

180

140

230

180

6

6

2003-04

Number (million). Below 60 per cent. median

6.0

2.1

7.7

2.7

733.8

715.2

Number per 1,000. Below 60 per cent. median

180

140

230

180

7

7

2004-05

Number (million). Below 60 per cent. median

5.9

1.9

7.5

2.4

834.2

815.0

Number per 1,000. Below 60 per cent. median

170

130

220

160

8

8

1 Total

2 Total

3 Total

4 Total

5 Total

6 Total

7 Total

8 Total

Source:

Households Below Average Income (HBAI). The main source for HBAI is the Family Resources Survey (FRS).

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what proportion of (a) adults and (b) children were living in poverty in (i) England, (ii) Peterborough constituency and (iii) the Peterborough city council in each year since 1997. (85971)

Specific information regarding low income for Great Britain is detailed in "Households Below Average Income (HBAI) 1994-95 to 2004-05", which is available in the Library. The main source for HBAI is the Family Resources Survey (FRS).

The standard measurement of low income is a household with income below 60 per cent. of the GB median.

The data source does not allow us to provide robust estimates below a regional level. Therefore estimates for numbers of adults or children living in low income in the Peterborough constituency or the Peterborough city council area in each year since 1997 are not available.

Percentage of adults living in households with less than 60 per cent. of contemporary median household income, years 1995-96 to 2004-05; England

Before housing costs

After housing costs

1995-96 to 1997-98

16

22

1996-97 to 1998-99

16

22

1997-98 to 1999-00

16

21

1998-99 to 2000-01

16

21

1999-2000 to 2001-02

16

20

2000-01 to 2002-03

16

20

2001-02 to 2003-04

16

19

2002-03 to 2004-05

15

19

Note:

Figures are provided using a three-year moving averages, as single-year estimates do not provide a robust guide to year on year changes. Hence, figures are not consistent with previously published single-year estimates and there may be differences in changes over time.

Source:

FRS

Percentage of children living in households with less than 60 per cent. of contemporary median household income, years 1995-96 to 2004-05; England

Before housing costs

After housing costs

1995-96 to 1997-98

23

32

1996-97 to 1998-99

24

33

1997-98 to 1999-00

24

32

1998-99 to 2000-01

22

32

1999-2000 to 2001-02

21

31

2000-01 to 2002-03

20

29

2001-02 to 2003-04

20

29

2002-03 to 2004-05

20

28

Note:

Figures are provided using a three-year moving averages, as single-year estimates do not provide a robust guide to year on year changes. Hence, figures are not consistent with previously published single-year estimates and there may be differences in changes over time.

Source:

FRS