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Average Wages

Volume 450: debated on Wednesday 11 October 2006

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what the (a) average wage for (i) full-time male, (ii) full-time female, (iii) part-time male and (iv) part-time female employees and (b) average household income for working age households was in City of York council area in (1) cash and (2) constant price terms in each of the last 10 years. (88725)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Stephen Penneck, dated 9 October 2006:

The National Statistician has been asked to reply to your recent Parliamentary Question asking what the (a) wage for (i) full-time male, (ii) full-time female, (iii) part time male and (iv) part time female employees and (b) average household income for working age households was in City of York council area in (1) cash and (2) constant price terms in each of the last 10 years. I am replying in her absence. (88725).

Currently average earnings are estimated from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE), and are provided for employees on adult rates of pay whose pay was unaffected by absence during the pay period. This is the standard definition used for ASHE. The ASHE does not collect data on the self employed and people who do unpaid work. I have attached tables containing statistics on earnings from the ASHE for the years 1997-2005 which are all that is available. The second table shows these earnings statistics expressed in 2005 prices by using the Retail Price Index (RPI).

Average household income for working age households by council area is not available. Household income statistics for all households in the UK, based on the Family Resources Survey, are produced by the Department of Work and Pensions. Additionally the Office for National Statistics has produced statistics for wards for 2001-02 only. These estimates are based on a statistical model and are experimental statistics - they have been developed in accordance with the principles set out in the National Statistics Code of Practice but are not accredited as National Statistics.

The ASHE, carried out in April of each year, is the most comprehensive source of earnings information in the United Kingdom. It is a one per cent sample of all employees who are members of pay-as-you-earn (PAYE) schemes, but because of its sampling frame, it has difficulty capturing data on people with very low pay. It is therefore likely to under-represent relatively low paid staff earning below the tax threshold.

Gross weekly (cash £) pay for employee jobs1 by place of work—City of York

£

Median

Mean

Full-time male

Full-time female

Part-time male

Part-time female

Full-time male

Full-time female

Part-time male

Part-time female

1997

363

235

x

89

397

260

x

103

1998

372

250

x

95

420

284

x

106

1999

382

267

x

101

432

303

x

111

2000

403

286

x

117

462

320

93

126

2001

402

303

x

116

447

331

x

132

2002

448

306

x

125

475

349

x

138

2003

457

317

x

129

517

369

146

150

2004

472

342

x

130

526

399

158

150

20042

460

342

x

126

505

398

x

147

2005

455

359

x

134

508

401

141

155

Gross weekly (constant price £) pay for employee jobs3 by place of work—City of York

£

Median

Mean

Full-time male

Full-time female

Part-time male

Part-time female

Full-time male

Full-time female

Part-time male

Part-time female

1997

445

288

x

109

487

319

x

126

1998

438

294

x

112

495

335

x

125

1999

443

310

x

117

501

352

x

129

2000

454

322

x

132

520

360

105

142

2001

445

336

x

128

495

367

x

146

2002

489

334

x

136

518

381

x

150

2003

483

335

x

136

547

390

154

159

2004

499

353

x

134

543

412

163

155

20042

475

353

x

130

521

411

x

152

2005

455

359

x

134

508

401

141

155

1 Employees on adult rates whose pay for the survey pay-period was not affected by absence. From1997-2005 estimates are based on the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings. 2 In 2004 additional supplementary surveys were introduced to improve the coverage of the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings. Figures are presented both excluding and including the additional surveys for comparison purposes. 3 Constant price terms have been uprated using the Retail Prices Index (RPI), re-based at April 2005. Guide to qualifyThe Coefficient of Variation (CV) indicates the quality of a figure, the smaller the CV value the higher the quality. The true value is likely to lie within +/- twice the CV e.g. for an average of 200 with a CV of 5 percent., we would expect the population average to be within the range 180 to 220. The above estimates all have a CV of less than 5 percent. An x has been given for estimates with a CV of greater than 20 percent. Note:The median replaces the mean as the headline statistic. The weighted mean is the sum of the weighted values divided by the sum of the weights. The median is the value below which 50 percent. of employees fall. It is preferred over the mean for earnings data as it is influenced less by extreme values and because of the skewed distribution of earnings data. Source: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, Office for National Statistics.