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Employment Statistics

Volume 450: debated on Monday 16 October 2006

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many people moved from (a) unemployed to employed and (b) economically inactive to employed status in each quarter since 2002, broken down by (i) region and (ii) country; and what proportion of the labour force these people represented in (A) each quarter and (B) each area. (92780)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated 12 October 2006:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question about the movement of people from unemployment to employment, and from economic inactivity to employment since 2002. (92780)

The Longitudinal Labour Force Survey (LLFS) gives information on the flows over two quarters between the three main economic activity categories of employment, unemployment and inactivity. In any quarter, only around 6 per cent of respondents change their economic activity status. The attached table shows the proportion of the working age population in each of the economic activity categories compared to the previous quarter from 2002 to 2005 for the UK, Due to the small number of respondents who do change their economic activity status, meaningful estimates of the number of people and estimates by country and region are not available These estimates from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) are, as with any sample survey, subject to sampling variability.

Proportions moving between economic statuses from one quarter to the next; 2002-2005, United Kingdom: not seasonally adjusted

Percentage1

No change of status between quarters

Stayed in employment

Stayed unemployed

Stayed inactive

Winter/spring 2002

71.7

2.2

19.0

Spring/summer2002

71.7

2.1

13.0

Summer/autumn 2002

71.8

2.1

18.9

Autumn/winter 2002

71.8

2.1

19.9

Winter/spring 2003

71.9

2.1

18.8

Spring/summer 2003

71.9

2.1

18.9

Summer/autumn 2003

72..0

2.1

18.9

Autumn/winter 2003

72.0

2.0

18.0

Winter/spring 2004

72.0

2.0

16.9

Spring/summer 2004

72.0

1.9

18,9

Summer/autumn 2004

72.1

1.9

18.9

Autumn/winter 2004

71.7

1.9

18.8

Winter/spring 2005

72.1

1.9

18.9

Spring/summer 2005

72.1

1.9

18.9

Summer/autumn 2005

72.1

2.0

189

Autumn/winter 2005

72.0

2.0

18.7

Percentage1

Changed status between quarters

Unemployed to employed

Inactive to employed

Inactive to unemployed

Employed to unemployed

Employed to inactive

Unemployed to inactive

Total

Winter/spring 2002

1.2

1.3

0.9

1.0

1.4

0.7

too

Spring/summer 2002

1.2

1.3

1.0

1.0

14

0.7

100

Summer/autumn 2002

1.2

1.3

1.0

1.0

14

0.8

100

Autumn/winter 2002

1.3

1.3

1.0

1.0

14

0.8

100

Winter/spring 2003

1.2

1.3

0.9

1.0

14

0.8

100

Spring/summer 2003

1.2

1.3

0.9

0.9

14

0.8

100

Summer/autumn 2003

1.2

1.3

0.9

0.9

14

0.7

100

Autumn/winter 2003

1.2

1.3

0.9

0.9

1.5

0.7

100

Winter/spring 2004

1.2

1.4

0.9

0.9

1.5

0.8

100

Spring/summer 2004

1.2

1.4

1.0

0.9

15

0.7

100

Summer/autumn 2004

1.2

1.4

1.0

0.9

15

0.8

100

Autumn/winter 2004

1.1

1.4

1.0

0.9

15

0.8

100

Winter/spring 2005

1.2

1.4

1.0

0.9

14

0.8

100

Spring/summer 2005

1.1

1.3

1.0

0.9

1.4

0.8

100

Summer/autumn 2005

1.1

1.3

1.0

0.9

14

0.7

100

Autumn/winter 2005

1.1

1.4

1.0

0.9

15

0.8

100

1 Percentage of all working adults, 16-59 (w), 16-64 (m)

Note:

The data relate to the average of the four quarter flows ending at the date shown.

Source:

ONS Labour Force Survey

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many people were in employment in each (a) county and (b) constituency in (i) 1986, (ii) 1996 and (iii) 2006. (93512)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated 16 October 2006:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question about employment. (93512)

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) compiles statistics of employment and for local areas from the annual local area Labour Force Survey (LFS) and the Annual Population Survey (APS) following International Labour Organisation definitions.

Table 1, attached, shows the number of people in employment, resident in each English administrative county for the 12 months ending February 1997 from the annual local area LFS and for the 12 months ending March 2006 from the APS. Table 2 shows corresponding information for each Parliamentary Constituency in Great Britain. Data for 1986 are not available.

These estimates, as with any from sample surveys, are subject to a margin of uncertainty.

Since the information is extensive, copies of these tables have been placed in the House of Commons Library.

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what the employment rate has been in each of the last 30 years. (93745)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated 16 October 2006:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question about employment rates over the last thirty years. (93745)

The attached table gives the employment rates by gender from 1976 to 2006. These are based on an annual average ending in December for each year.

Estimates are taken from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). As with any sample survey, estimates from the LFS are subject to a margin of uncertainty.

Employment rates1 for people of working age2 by gender, 1976 to 2006, United Kingdom, seasonally adjusted

Percentage

12 months ending December each year

All persons

Men

Women

1976

75

89

59

1977

74

88

59

1978

74

88

59

1979

74

87

60

1980

73

85

60

1981

71

82

59

1982

69

79

58

1983

68

78

58

1984

69

78

59

1985

70

78

61

1986

70

78

61

1987

71

79

63

1988

73

81

65

1989

75

82

66

1990

75

82

67

1991

73

79

66

1992

71

76

65

1993

70

75

65

1994

71

76

65

1995

71

76

66

1996

72

77

67

1997

73

78

67

1998

73

78

68

1999

74

79

69

2000

74

79

69

2001

75

79

69

2002

75

79

70

2003

75

79

70

2004

75

79

70

2005

75

79

70

20063

75

79

70

1 People in employment as a percentage of all persons.

2 Men aged 16 to 64 and women age 16 to 59.

3 Seven months ending July 2006.

Source:

ONS Labour Force Survey (LFS)

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many redundancies there were (a) in total and (b) as a percentage of the workforce in each (i) local authority area and (ii) region in each of the last 30 years. (93756)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated 16 October 2006:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your recent Parliamentary Question about redundancies. (93756)

Information in the form requested is not readily available and could be obtained only at disproportionate cost.

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many jobs there were in each of the 250 most rural constituencies in each of the last 20 years. (93807)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated 16 October 2006:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your recent Parliamentary Question about numbers of jobs in the most rural constituencies. (93807)

Information in the form requested is not readily available and could only be obtained at disproportionate cost.

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what the unemployment rate was in the 250 most rural constituencies in each of the last 20 years; and what the total percentage change was during each year. (93808)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated 16 October 2006:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your recent Parliamentary Question about unemployment. (93808)

Information in the form requested is not readily available and could only be obtained at disproportionate cost.