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Household Income

Volume 450: debated on Monday 23 October 2006

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what the (a) average wage was for (i) full-time male, (ii) full-time female, (iii) part-time male and (iv) part-time female employees and (b) average household income was for working age households in the Gateshead council area in (A) cash and (B) constant price terms in each of the last 10 years. (96358)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Colin Mowl, dated 23 October 2006:

The National Statistician has been asked to reply to your recent Parliamentary Question what the (a) average wage for (i) full-time male, (ii) full-time female, (iii) part time male and (iv) part time female employees and (b) average household income for working age households was for working age households in the Gateshead Council area in (1) cash and (2) constant price terms in each of the last 10 years. I am replying in her absence. (96358).

Currently average earnings are estimated from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) and are provided for employees on adult rates of pay whose pay was unaffected by absence during the pay period. This is the standard definition used for ASHE. The ASHE does not collect data on the self employed and people who do unpaid work.

The ASHE carried out in April of each year, is the most comprehensive source of earnings information in the United Kingdom. It is a one per cent sample of all employees who are members of pay-as-you-earn (PAYE) schemes, but because of its sampling frame, it has difficulty capturing data on people with very low pay. It is therefore likely to under-represent relatively low paid staff earning below the tax threshold.

I attach tables containing statistics on earnings from the ASHE for the years 1997-2005. The second table shows these earnings statistics expressed in 2005 prices by uprating with the Retail Price Index (RPI).

Average household income for working age households by council area is not available. Household income statistics for all households in the UK, based on the Family Resources Survey are produced by the Department of Work and Pensions. Additionally the Office for National Statistics has produced statistics for wards for 2001-02 only. These estimates are based on a statistical model and are experimental statistics—they have been developed in accordance with the principles set out in the National Statistics Code of Practice but are not accredited as National Statistics.

Gross weekly (cash £) pay for employee jobsa by place of work

Gateshead

Median

Mean

Full-time

Part-time

Full-time

Part-time

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

2005

*460

*312

x

**117

511

380

**207

*140

2004b

*427

*297

x

*114

492

349

**134

*132

2004

*431

*295

x

**115

500

349

**139

*134

2003

*379

*287

x

**120

435

327

**124

*134

2002

372

*273

x

**116

423

315

**146

*128

2001

*376

*262

x

**108

432

*308

**98

*120

2000

*372

*250

**92

**98

414

290

**107

*120

1999

*351

*240

x

**98

396

287

**93

*114

1998

*348

*235

x

**88

399

*269

x

*107

1997

*336

*230

x

*90

367

265

**137

*103

Gross weekly (constant price £) pay for employee jobsa by place of work

Gateshead

Median

Mean

Full-time

Part-time

Full-time

Part-time

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

2005

*460

*312

x

**117

511

380

**207

*140

2004b

*440

*306

x

*117

507

359

**138

*136

2004

*444

*304

x

**118

515

359

**143

*138

2003

*402

*304

x

**127

461

347

**131

*142

2002

405

*298

x

**126

461

343

**159

*140

2001

*417

*291

x

**120

480

*342

**109

*133

2000

*420

*283

**104

**111

468

328

**121

*136

1999

*407

*278

x

**114

459

333

**108

*132

1998

*411

*277

x

**104

471

*317

x

*126

1997

*413

*283

x

*111

451

326

**169

*127

a. Employees on adult rates whose pay for the survey pay-period was not affected by absence.

b. In 2004 additional supplementary surveys were introduced to improve the coverage of the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings. Figures are presented both excluding and including the additional surveys for comparison purposes.

Guide to quality:

The Coefficient of Variation (CV) indicates the quality of a figure, the smaller the CV value the higher the quality.

The true value is likely to lie within +/- twice the CV—for example, for an average of 200 with a CV of 5 per cent., we would expect the population average to be within the range 180 to 220.

Key:

CV <= 5 per cent.

* CV > 5 per cent. and <= 10 per cent.

** CV > 10 per cent. and <= 20 per cent.

x CV > 20 per cent.

The median replaces the mean as the headline statistic. The weighted mean is the sum of the weighted values divided by the sum of the weights. The median is the value below which 50 per cent. of employees fall. It is preferred over the mean for earnings data as it is influenced less by extreme values and because of the skewed distribution of earnings data.

Note:

Constant price terms have been uprated using the Retail Prices Index (RPI), re-based at April 2005.

Source:

Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, Office for National Statistics.

To ask Mr Chancellor of the Exchequer what the (a) average wage for (i) full-time male, (ii) full-time female, (iii) part-time male and (iv) part-time female employees and (b) average household income for working age households was in the Stroud District Council area in (A) cash and (B) constant price terms in each of the last 10 years. (95343)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated 23 October 2006

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your recent Parliamentary Question asking what the (a) average wage for (i) full-time male, (ii) full-time female, (iii) part time male and (iv) part time female employees and (b) average household income for working age households was in the Stroud District Council area in (A) cash and (B) constant price terms in each of the last 10 years. (95343).

Currently average earnings are estimated from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE), and are provided for employees on adult rates of pay whose pay was unaffected by absence during the pay period. This is the standard definition used for ASHE. The ASHE does not collect data on the self employed and people who do unpaid work.

I have attached tables containing statistics on earnings from the ASHE for the years 1997-2005. The second table shows these earnings statistics expressed in 2005 prices by uprating with the Retail Price Index (RPI).

Average household income for working age households by council area is not available. Household income statistics for all households in the UK, based on the Family Resources Survey, are produced by the Department of Work and Pensions. Additionally the Office for National Statistics has produced statistics for wards for 2001-02 only. These estimates are based on a statistical model and are experimental statistics–they have been developed in accordance with the principles set out in the National Statistics Code of Practice but are not accredited as National Statistics.

The ASHE, carried out in April of each year, is the most comprehensive source of earnings information in the United Kingdom. It is a one per cent sample of all employees who are members of pay-as-you-earn (PAYE) schemes, but because of its sampling frame, it has difficulty capturing data on people with very low pay. It is therefore likely to under-represent relatively low paid staff earning below the tax threshold.

Gross weekly (cash £) pay for employee jobsa by place of work

Median

Mean

Stroud

Full time male

Full time female

Part time male

Part time female

Full time male

Full time female

Part time male

Part time female

2005

1475

2316

3

2110

1523

1404

2162

1137

2004b

1441

2337

3

3

1482

1403

3

2151

2004

1439

2342

3

3

1494

1399

3

1150

2003

1428

2346

3

3

477

1376

3

1140

2004

1424

2278

3

2114

1493

1337

3

2136

2001

1416

2281

2142

3

1493

1326

3

2160

2000

1407

2260

3

2109

1451

1279

2126

2135

1999

1361

2248

3

2115

405

1282

3

2151

1998

1379

2235

3

3

420

1267

3

2141

1997

1363

2221

3

2102

391

1249

3

1101

Gross weekly (constant price £ ) pay for employee jobsa,c by place of work

Stroud

Median

Mean

Full time male

Full time female

Part time male

Part time female

Full time male

Full time female

Part time male

Part time female

2005

1475

2316

3

2110

1523

1404

2162

1137

2004b

1454

2347

3

3

1496

1415

3

2156

2004

1452

2352

3

3

1509

1411

3

1155

2003

1454

2367

3

3

506

1399

3

1148

2002

1462

2303

3

2124

1537

1367

3

2148

2001

1462

2312

2158

3

1547

1362

3

2178

2000

1460

2294

3

2123

1510

1315

2142

2153

1999

1419

2288

3

2133

470

1327

3

2175

1998

1447

2277

3

3

496

1315

3

2166

1997

1446

2272

3

2125

481

1306

3

1124

Note:

The median replaces the mean as the headline statistic. The weighted mean is the sum of the weighted values divided by the sum of the weights. The median is the value below which 50 per cent of employees fall. It is preferred over the mean for earnings data as it is influenced less by extreme values and because of the skewed distribution of earnings

a Employees on adult rates whose pay for the survey pay-period was not affected by absence.

b In 2004 additional supplementary surveys were introduced to improve the coverage of the annual survey of hours and earnings. Figures are presented both excluding and including the additional surveys for comparison purposes.

c Constant price terms have been uprated using the Retail Prices Index (RPI), re-based at April 2005.

Guide to quality:

The Coefficient of Variation (CV) indicates the quality of a figure, the smaller the CV value the higher the quality. The true value is likely to lie within +/- twice the CV–for example, for an average of 200 with a CV of 5 per cent., we would expect the population average to be within the range 180 to 220.

Key:

CV<=5%

1 CV>5%and<=10%

2 CV>10%and<=20%

3 CV>20%

Source:

Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, Office for National Statistics