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Crime Statistics

Volume 450: debated on Monday 23 October 2006

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many recorded crimes there were in each of the last 30 years; and what the percentage change was in the number of reported crimes between each of those years. (93673)

Recorded crime in England and Wales 1975 to 2005-06Total recorded offencesPercentage change over previous year19752,105,631—19762,135,7131.419772,636,51723.419782,561,499-2.819792,536,737-1.019802,688,2356.019812,963,76410.219823,262,42210.119833,247,030-0.519843,499,1077.819853,611,8833.219863,847,4106.519873,892,2011.219883,715,767-4.519893,870,7484.219904,543,61117.419915,276,17316.119925,591,7176.019935,526,255-1.219945,252,980-4.919955,100,241-2.919965,036,552-1.219974,598,327-8.71997-984,545,337-1.21998-99 (old rules)4,481,817-1.41998-99 (new rules)15,109,0892—1999-20005,301,1873.82000-015,170,843-2.52001-0235,525,0244—2002-033,55,974,9608.12003-046,013,7590.62004-0565,640,573-6.22005-065,556,513-1.5 1 The following changes were made from 1 April 1998: the change to the Home Office Counting Rules for recorded crime had the effect of increasing the number of crimes counted. Numbers of offences for years before and after this date are therefore not directly comparable. “Other wounding” (8) split into “Other wounding” (8A); “Possession of weapons” (8B) and “Harassment” (8C) “Other frauds” (53A) split into “Cheque and credit card fraud” (53A) and “Other fraud” (53B) “Cruelty or neglect of children” (11) became notifiable “Assault on a constable” (104) became notifiable “Common assault” (105) became notifiable “Possession of controlled drugs” (92B) and “other drug offences” became notifiable A number of other offences, classification numbers 26, 55, 75, 78, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 89, 90, 91, 94, 126,139, 802 and 814 became notifiable other changes. Racially aggravated offences became notifiable from 30 September 1998, but were only separately recorded from 1 April 1999 “Abuse of position of trust” (73) became notifiable from 1 January 2001. 2 Not comparable due to changes in counting rules. 3 Introduction of the National Crime Recording Standard (NCRS) across England and Wales on 1 April 2002. Some forces adopted the Standard prior to this date. Broadly, the NCRS had the effect of increasing the number of crimes recorded by the police. Therefore, following the introduction of the Standard, numbers of recorded crimes are not comparable with previous years. The change in definition relating to resultant injury in common assaults and less serious woundings, which applies from 1 April 2002, is described in the ‘Common Assault’ text box in Chapter 5 of HOSB 07/03. “Religiously Aggravated” offences were included with “Racially Aggravated” offences from 1 April 2002. “Disclosure, Obstruction, False or Misleading Statements etc.” was added to the series from 1 April 2002. 4 Not comparable due to changes introduced under the National Crime Recording Standard. 5 Includes the British Transport police from 2002-03 onwards. 6 The introduction of the Sexual Offences Act 2003 in May 2004 resulted in substantial changes to the sexual offences. This means that figures for 2004-05 are not comparable with those for previous years.