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Wildlife Crime

Volume 450: debated on Tuesday 24 October 2006

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many people were (a) prosecuted and (b) imprisoned for wildlife crimes in each of the last 20 years, broken down by police authority area and in descending order. (93873)

Data from the Court Proceedings Database held by the Office for Criminal Justice for the number of people who were (a) prosecuted and (b) imprisoned for wildlife crimes in each of the last 20 years, broken down by police authority area and in descending order can be found in the following tables.

Number of persons proceeded against at magistrates courts, for offences relating to wildlife crime, by police force area, England and Wales, 1984 to 20041, 2, 3

Force

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1995

Lancashire

296

271

523

749

473

478

520

439

350

255

203

North Yorkshire

481

363

365

357

307

324

198

434

302

245

156

Metropolitan Police

143

269

163

179

190

147

223

206

536

464

245

West Yorkshire

197

197

163

152

165

232

180

192

239

213

161

Northumbria

112

155

202

189

158

188

175

171

174

192

156

Greater Manchester

143

130

116

136

136

148

187

138

178

137

89

South Wales

243

192

184

195

195

130

106

97

176

125

91

North Wales

198

139

130

171

176

152

101

125

112

99

125

West Midlands

151

145

123

105

115

135

202

197

174

116

70

Cumbria

292

269

309

231

196

127

130

100

104

62

57

Avon and Somerset

173

202

161

147

143

121

143

144

158

128

82

Hampshire

180

136

134

156

121

132

182

126

156

149

79

Devon and Cornwall

125

91

85

77

101

116

101

136

197

104

117

Derbyshire

209

180

194

183

161

155

107

75

81

72

35

South Yorkshire

138

207

155

125

144

158

139

105

115

106

50

Staffordshire

154

147

144

137

99

224

184

151

123

136

120

Lincolnshire

127

100

84

96

130

150

180

89

80

82

22

West Mercia

174

131

139

134

152

186

121

118

116

97

80

Essex

132

114

90

105

102

140

196

142

117

100

57

Nottinghamshire

135

120

132

120

106

158

339

202

87

85

43

Humberside

226

125

138

126

132

121

136

83

86

66

57

Sussex

106

99

99

76

80

136

105

115

103

115

48

Durham

179

196

168

108

111

126

124

167

115

97

57

Thames Valley

86

47

86

91

92

91

168

220

126

59

62

Cleveland

94

95

99

111

180

154

230

100

142

82

48

Gwent

135

117

113

91

112

77

94

136

150

68

55

Dyfed-Powys

74

76

98

94

66

99

149

89

82

76

72

Cheshire

102

105

145

156

131

161

108

78

86

63

38

Merseyside

72

94

58

65

51

70

98

122

170

83

62

Cambridgeshire

85

75

104

156

86

104

99

87

81

115

68

Leicestershire

97

64

81

124

109

118

147

101

69

71

36

Wiltshire

71

50

70

67

78

72

63

84

51

42

55

Gloucestershire

48

60

56

78

63

66

81

115

113

73

41

Suffolk

48

65

53

55

34

47

75

59

56

68

57

Kent

133

87

99

67

57

48

47

37

18

46

34

Norfolk

73

90

73

68

40

25

33

36

37

26

20

Northamptonshire

46

31

64

60

50

77

76

68

49

41

17

Hertfordshire

73

42

63

67

52

77

35

44

64

31

27

Surrey

62

36

45

37

37

42

50

62

55

48

32

Dorset

76

39

33

35

34

27

33

28

32

32

35

Bedfordshire

35

48

26

37

46

52

24

36

63

47

35

Warwickshire

49

36

39

40

43

28

36

14

20

15

22

City of London

0

1

3

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

Total

5,773

5,236

5,409

5,553

5,054

5,419

5,726

5,268

5,343

4,331

3,017

Force

1996

1997

1998

1999

20004

2001

2002

2003

2004

Total

Lancashire

254

248

230

242

223

166

123

114

133

6,290

North Yorkshire

109

159

197

215

118

78

57

105

94

4,664

Metropolitan Police

294

195

135

252

162

213

216

167

154

4,553

West Yorkshire

178

197

234

216

214

147

151

154

174

3,756

Northumbria

127

150

148

111

94

95

105

111

170

2,983

Greater Manchester

86

85

84

105

115

94

147

205

261

2,720

South Wales

70

74

93

75

88

73

58

62

62

2,389

North Wales

126

125

133

100

79

80

92

61

48

2,372

West Midlands

84

60

68

60

86

94

99

168

105

2,357

Cumbria

58

48

53

67

32

31

29

70

91

2,356

Avon and Somerset

96

79

74

79

111

105

82

59

61

2,348

Hampshire

82

111

105

121

91

95

58

66

68

2,348

Devon and Cornwall

105

114

155

130

90

108

114

98

88

2,252

Derbyshire

41

55

87

76

71

67

96

90

108

2,143

South Yorkshire

53

80

91

84

90

64

74

63

80

2,121

Staffordshire

71

69

58

36

4

58

31

39

50

2,031

Lincolnshire

81

78

85

116

129

83

131

90

84

2,017

West Mercia

65

68

83

48

63

71

47

57

33

1,983

Essex

61

77

63

72

103

59

80

55

75

1,940

Nottinghamshire

45

44

37

57

52

43

35

37

46

1,923

Humberside

53

35

64

104

95

72

49

53

34

1,855

Sussex

76

120

116

96

79

83

72

70

49

1,843

Durham

80

44

29

44

62

38

36

36

21

1,838

Thames Valley

43

58

57

67

139

73

71

86

69

1,791

Cleveland

44

26

62

40

31

57

55

43

42

1,735

Gwent

61

51

87

64

62

59

77

61

55

1,725

Dyfed-Powys

56

72

67

74

69

50

65

54

50

1,532

Cheshire

61

51

35

49

39

29

28

25

20

1,510

Merseyside

43

43

53

38

100

75

32

36

79

1,444

Cambridgeshire

34

54

67

44

31

20

30

27

36

1,403

Leicestershire

17

26

32

30

27

33

31

37

30

1,280

Wiltshire

37

36

56

71

38

43

36

51

57

1,128

Gloucestershire

51

49

41

41

31

32

31

24

30

1,124

Suffolk

73

44

39

40

50

35

82

41

59

1,080

Kent

36

12

39

21

12

54

72

63

95

1,077

Norfolk

28

47

56

48

45

48

33

86

58

970

Northamptonshire

14

7

16

19

65

50

27

36

32

845

Hertfordshire

32

23

40

18

18

17

23

32

26

804

Surrey

33

29

32

20

45

25

29

17

29

765

Dorset

19

31

33

39

28

38

23

26

21

662

Bedfordshire

25

29

19

40

21

16

21

15

14

649

Warwickshire

115

14

13

7

17

31

7

31

20

597

City of London

0

0

2

0

0

2

0

0

0

10

Total

3,117

3,017

3,268

3,276

3,115

2,804

2,755

2,821

2,911

83,213

Number of persons proceeded against at magistrates courts of whom were sentenced to immediate custody, for offences relating to wildlife crime, by police force area, England and Wales, 1984 to 20041, 2, 3

Force

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

Lancashire

1

0

1

2

0

2

0

0

1

1

North Yorkshire

0

5

1

0

0

2

0

4

0

0

Metropolitan Police

1

5

3

3

12

8

2

3

8

4

West Yorkshire

2

2

1

0

2

6

0

2

0

3

Northumbria

0

0

2

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

Greater Manchester

5

0

3

3

1

1

2

1

2

0

South Wales

1

1

1

0

1

1

0

2

8

0

North Wales

0

2

0

0

1

0

1

0

1

1

West Midlands

0

1

3

2

4

0

4

0

3

2

Cumbria

0

3

0

1

2

2

0

1

0

2

Avon and Somerset

0

4

0

0

0

1

0

1

0

0

Hampshire

0

2

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

3

Devon and Cornwall

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Derbyshire

0

0

0

0

1

0

4

0

0

2

South Yorkshire

1

0

0

2

18

1

1

2

2

0

Staffordshire

0

0

2

0

0

0

2

0

0

3

Lincolnshire

1

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

1

West Mercia

0

0

0

0

0

1

4

2

1

1

Essex

1

0

5

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

Nottinghamshire

0

1

1

0

1

0

7

0

0

1

Humberside

0

0

0

6

0

1

0

1

1

4

Sussex

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

2

1

1

Durham

0

2

3

3

2

0

1

1

0

1

Thames Valley

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

Cleveland

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Gwent

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

Dyfed-Powys

1

1

1

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

Cheshire

1

1

0

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

Merseyside

0

0

1

3

1

2

0

0

1

1

Cambridgeshire

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

Leicestershire

0

0

0

0

4

1

2

1

0

4

Wiltshire

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

Gloucestershire

1

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

Suffolk

1

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

Kent

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

Norfolk

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

1

Northamptonshire

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

4

Hertfordshire

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Surrey

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

Dorset

0

2

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

Bedfordshire

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

Warwickshire

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

City of London

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total

18

37

31

29

58

35

36

24

35

41

Force

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000(4),

2001

2002

2003

2004

Lancashire

0

2

4

3

2

0

3

1

0

0

North Yorkshire

0

1

0

1

1

2

0

0

0

2

Metropolitan Police

9

2

7

3

3

6

1

5

2

5

West Yorkshire

0

1

2

2

3

4

3

2

2

2

Northumbria

0

2

1

2

3

2

4

2

0

2

Greater Manchester

3

1

2

7

4

2

5

2

4

2

South Wales

0

0

2

2

1

2

0

1

0

0

North Wales

1

0

3

0

0

2

0

0

5

0

West Midlands

1

0

0

4

2

5

5

9

5

5

Cumbria

4

1

0

2

0

1

0

0

0

0

Avon and Somerset

1

1

2

2

1

0

2

1

1

1

Hampshire

0

0

0

0

3

2

0

0

0

0

Devon and Cornwall

1

1

1

1

1

3

3

1

1

2

Derbyshire

1

1

1

6

0

1

3

0

3

1

South Yorkshire

4

1

3

3

5

3

5

6

2

2

Staffordshire

2

1

1

1

2

4

0

2

2

0

Lincolnshire

0

0

1

1

4

3

1

4

2

1

West Mercia

2

0

2

2

1

2

0

4

4

3

Essex

0

1

0

2

4

0

3

4

6

0

Nottinghamshire

0

2

1

4

0

0

2

6

0

3

Humberside

2

0

1

3

3

1

2

0

1

1

Sussex

3

0

0

0

1

0

1

0

0

0

Durham

0

1

6

2

2

0

0

0

1

0

Thames Valley

1

0

0

1

3

1

1

3

0

0

Cleveland

1

1

0

0

4

0

1

0

0

1

Gwent

0

0

0

0

2

3

0

0

2

1

Dyfed-Powys

0

2

1

0

1

0

4

0

3

2

Cheshire

1

1

1

1

3

5

1

0

1

0

Merseyside

0

1

1

0

2

0

2

2

3

2

Cambridgeshire

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

Leicestershire

1

0

1

0

1

4

0

2

1

0

Wiltshire

0

0

0

1

1

1

0

0

1

0

Gloucestershire

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

1

0

Suffolk

0

0

1

2

0

5

2

0

1

2

Kent

0

1

2

0

0

0

0

1

0

6

Norfolk

0

0

0

1

0

1

1

0

1

0

Northamptonshire

0

0

0

0

0

1

2

2

0

1

Hertfordshire

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Surrey

0

1

1

0

0

0

1

1

3

0

Dorset

0

1

1

0

0

0

2

0

0

0

Bedfordshire

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

Warwickshire

1

4

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

City of London

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total

39

33

50

59

64

62

61

62

58

49

1 These data are provided on the principal offence basis. 2 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

3 Wildlife crimes includes the following: Cruelty to animals. Offences in relation to dogs. Night poaching. Day poaching. Unlawful possession of game, etc. Other offences against Game Law. Wild Birds Protection Acts. 4 Staffordshire police force were only able to submit sample data for persons proceeded against and convicted in the magistrates’ courts for the year 2000. Although sufficient to estimate higher orders of data, these data are not robust enough at a detailed level and have been excluded from the table. Source: RDS Office for Criminal Justice Reform