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Employment

Volume 450: debated on Tuesday 24 October 2006

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what recent steps he has taken to increase employment. (96642)

The Government’s measures to increase employment build on a platform of macro-economic stability and economic growth, and include continued investment in the new deal, investment in skills and training, and the national minimum wage and tax credits to make work pay.

Employment is now at a record high, with 2.5 million more people in work than in 1997, and the highest rate of the G7 economies. The national roll out of Pathways to Work, and the other measures set out in the Government’s Welfare Reform Green Paper, will build on this record with ambitious plans to help people move from inactivity to work.

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer (1) what assessment he has made of the change in the employment rate for men of working age in the UK between 1976 and 2006; and if he will make a statement; (96118)

(2) what the employment rate was of men between the ages of 16 and 64 years in each year from 1976 to 2006, broken down by age range; and if he will make a statement.

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated 24 October 2006:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Questions about employment rates by age from 1976 to 2006. (96118,96112)

Table 1 gives the annual employment rates by gender, also showing changes for each year from 1976 to 2006.

Table 2 gives a breakdown of employment rates by gender and age bands from 1992 to 2006. Comparable estimates by age ranges are not available for earlier periods.

Both tables are based on annual averages ending in December for each year.

Estimates are taken from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). As with any sample survey, estimates from the LFS are subject to a margin of uncertainty.

Table 1: Employment rates1 for people of working age2 by gender, 1976 to 2006—United Kingdom seasonally adjusted

Percentage

All persons

Men

Women

12 months ending December each year

All

Change on year

All

Change on year

All

Change on year

1976

74.6

88.8

59.1

1977

74.2

0.4

88.1

-0.8

59.0

-0.1

1978

73.9

4.3

87.5

-0.6

59.3

0.3

1979

74.0

0.1

87.1

-0.3

59.9

0.6

1980

73.2

-0.8

85.4

-1.7

60.0

0.1

1981

70.8

-2.4

81.8

-3.7

58.9

-1.0

1982

69.2

-1.7

79.3

-2.4

58.1

-0.9

1983

68.1

-1.1

77.7

-1.6

57.7

-0.4

1984

69.1

1.0

78.1

0.4

59.2

1.6

1985

69.8

0.7

78.3

0.2

60.5

1.3

1986

70.0

0.2

77.9

-0.4

61.4

0.9

1987

71.0

1.0

78.6

0.7

62.7

1.3

1988

73.0

2.1

80.7

2.1

64.7

2.0

1989

74.6

1.6

82.2

1.5

66.4

1.7

1990

74.9

0.3

82.2

0.0

67.0

0.6

1991

73.0

-1.9

79.3

-2.9

66.1

-0.9

1992

71.0

-2.0

76.3

-3.0

65.3

-0.9

1993

70.3

-0.7

75.1

-1.2

65.1

-0.1

1994

70.7

0.4

75.7

0.6

65.4

0.3

1995

71.3

0.6

76.3

0.6

66.0

0.5.

1996

71.9

0.6

76.7

0.4

66.8

0.8

1997

72.8

0.9

77.8

1.1

67.4

0.7

1998

73.4

0.6

78.4

0.6

68.0

0.6

1999

73.9

0.5

78.8

0.4

68.8

0.7

2000

74.4

0.4

79.2

0.4

69.2

0.5

2001

74.5

0.1

79.3

0.1

69.4

0.1

2002

74.5

0.0

79.1

-0.2

69.6

0.2

2003

74.6

0.2

79.3

0.2

69.7

0.1

2004

74.8

0.1

79.3

0.0

70.0

0.3

2005

74.8

0.0

79.1

-0.2

70.1

0.2

20063

74.6

-0.2

78.8

-0.3

70.1

0.0

1 People in employment as a percentage of all persons. 2 Men aged 16 to 64 and women age 16 to 59. 3 Eight months ending August 2006. Source: ONS Labour Force Survey (LFS).

Table 2: Employment rates1 for people of working age2 by gender and age, 1992 to 2006—United Kingdom, seasonally adjusted

Percentage

12 months ending December each year

All 16-59/64

16-17

18-24

25-34

35-49

50-59/64

All persons

19923

70.8

47.4

65.0

73.6

79.5

62.7

1993

70.3

44.0

63.8

73.9

79.0

61.9

1994

70.7

44.7

63.6

74.8

79.0

62.5

1995

71.3

45.6

64.5

75.6

79.2

63.1

1996

71.9

46.6

65.5

76.0

79.7

63.6

1997

72.8

48.3

66.4

77.8

80.1

64.5

1998

73.4

48.5

66.8

78.4

80.8

65.6

1999

73.9

46.8

67.2

79.5

81.2

66.3

2000

74.4

46.1

67.6

80.0

81.8

66.8

2001

74.5

45.2

67.6

79.8

81.8

67.7

2002

74.5

43.7

67.7

79.6

81.9

68.2

2003

74.6

43.0

66.6

79.6

82.0

69.6

2004

74.8

41.4

67.0

79.8

82.1

70.0

2005

74.8

39.1

65.6

80.4

82.3

70.4

20064

74.6

35.7

65.3

80.4

82.3

70.7

Men

19923

76.0

47.2

67.2

83.1

86.4

65.5

1993

75.1

43.7

65.7

83.0

85.4

64.4

1994

75.7

44.5

66.2

84.0

85.6

64.6

1995

76.3

45.0

67.6

84.7

86.1

65,0

1996

76.7

45.5

68.4

84.8

86.1

65.9

1997

77.8

46.7

69.6

86.6

86.7

67.3

1998

78.4

47.3

70.0

87.5

87.4

68.0

1999

78.8

45.2

70.7

88.0

87.8

68.6

2000

79.2

44.8

71.2

88.6

88.5

68.8

2001

79.3

44.5

71.2

88.4

88.3

70.0

2002

79.1

41.7

70.8

88.0

88.4

70.3

2003

79.3

40.7

69.9

87.8

88.6

71.6

2004

79.3

38.7

70.1

87.6

88.8

72.0

2005

79.1

36.9

68.6

88.2

88.5

72.4

20064

78.8

32.4

67.9

88.5

88.5

72.4

Women

19923

65.2

47.7

62.7

64.2

72.6

58.7

1993

65.1

44.3

61.9

64.9

72.6

58.5

1994

65.4

44.8

60.9

65.7

72.6

59.6

1995

66.0

46.3

61.4

66.7

72.5

60.4

1996

66.8

47.7

62.7

67.5

73.5

60.3

1997

67.4

50.1

63.2

69.1

73.7

60.7

1998

68.0

49.7

63.6

69.4

74.3

62.3

1999

68.8

48.5

63.8

71.1

74.7

63.0

2000

69.2

47.4

63.9

71.7

75.1

64.0

2001

69.4

46.0

64.1

71.5

75.5

64.6

2002

69.6

45.8

64.5

71.4

75.6

65.4

2003

69.7

45.4

63.3

71.5

75.5

66.9

2004

70.0

44.2

63.8

72.2

75.6

67.2

2005

70.1

41.5

62.5

72.6

76.3

67.8

20064

70.1

39.0

62.6

72.5

76.1

68.3

1 People in employment as a percentage of all persons.

2 Men aged 16 to 64 and women age 16 to 59.

3 Eight months ending December 2002.

4 Eight months ending August 2006.

Source:

ONS Labour Force Survey (LFS).