In line with other EU Agencies, the European Aviation Safety Agency does not itself have powers of enforcement.
The Agency drafts common safety rules in the fields in which it has competence. These rules, when formally adopted through Community procedures, are legally binding across the EU. In some areas of regulation, such as type certification of aircraft products and parts, the Agency implements the rules itself, but in other areas implementation is the responsibility of member states’ National Aviation Authorities (NAAs).
Enforcement of these rules is the responsibility of the NAAs, who have the option of taking action in the national courts in the event of non-compliance.