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Conflict Affected/Low Income States

Volume 451: debated on Monday 30 October 2006

To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what percentage of children in countries designated (a) conflict-affected fragile states and (b) low income countries go to school. (97121)

The primary source of global data on out of school children is the Education for All Global Monitoring Report. The 2007 report was launched on 26 October. Using the data in the report of the numbers of primary school age children and those out of school, the percentages of primary aged children enrolled in school are calculated as (a) conflict-affected fragile states 79 per cent. and (b) low income countries 84 per cent. The report does not have data for seven conflict affected fragile states and 18 low income countries.

The designation of conflict-affected fragile states used in the calculation is from the Failed States Index (2005) and the Heidelberg Institute on International Conflict Research (2004). DFID is currently reviewing its use of a list of fragile states because countries frequently move in and out of conflict and political circumstances in a country can rapidly change. DFID uses the World Bank’s Country Income Groups for the classification of low income countries.

To ask the Secretary of State for International Development which countries his Department categorises as (a) conflict-affected fragile states and (b) low income countries; and what funding his Department has allocated to those countries in each category in each of the last five years. (97122)

The designation of conflict-affected fragile states is taken from the Failed States Index (2005) and the Heidelberg Institute on International Conflict Research Conflict Barometer (2004). These countries are Afghanistan, Bhutan, Burma, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Ivory Coast, Laos, Nigeria, Nepal, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda and Yemen. DFID is currently reviewing its use of a list of fragile states because countries frequently move in and out of conflict and political circumstances in a country can rapidly change.

DFID uses the World Bank’s Country Income Groups for the classification of low income countries. DFID, in line with the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the OECD, update income group classifications every three years. For the purposes of the 2003-06 and 2005-08 Public Service Agreements, DFID use the World Bank thresholds based on GNI per capita in 2001 of less than US$746. Latest figures in our publication “Statistics on International Development” use the 2004 classification.

The list of 2004 low income countries, which includes 59 countries, appears in “Statistics on International Development”, published on 26 October 2006 on the DFID website (www.dfid.gov.uk/pubs/files/sid2006/sid06-full.pdf, Annex 1, page 142). Hard copies will be available in the House of Commons Library.

Expenditure in conflict-affected fragile states and low income countries in each of the last five years can also be found in “Statistics on International Development” (table 12, pages 65-101).