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Family/Household Incomes

Volume 451: debated on Wednesday 8 November 2006

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what proportion of children lived in families in each income decile in each year since 1975-76; and if he will make a statement. (93477)

Specific information regarding low income for Great Britain is available in “Households Below Average Income 1994-95-2004-05”. The survey from which estimates are provided started in 1994-95. There are no suitable data source for years prior to 1994-95.

Deciles are income values which divide households, when ranked by income, into ten equal-sized groups. No matter what the shape of the income distribution, or how well off or poor people are, there will always be 10 per cent. of the whole population in the bottom decile, just as there will always be 10 per cent. of the whole population in the top decile; and this will be the case in every year.

The low income threshold is 60 per cent. of median income (Before Housing Costs). This particular threshold is an internationally accepted measure and in Great Britain is almost always in the 2nd decile. Therefore children can be moved above the low income threshold, but still remain in the 2nd decile, and so there will be no change in the figures showing decile distributions from year to year.

Estimates of the proportion of children living in families in each income decile in each year 1994-95 to 2004-05, are in the following tables. Figures are shown Before and After Housing Costs.

Percentage of children by the income decile of their household—Great Britain, 1994-95 to 2004-05—Before Housing Costs

Decile

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

1994-95

12

14

11

11

11

10

9

8

7

6

1995-96

12

13

12

10

11

10

9

8

7

7

1996-97

13

14

11

11

11

10

9

8

7

6

1997-98

13

14

12

11

11

10

8

8

7

6

1998-99

13

14

12

11

11

10

9

8

7

6

1999-2000

12

14

12

11

10

10

9

8

6

6

2000-01

11

14

13

11

11

10

9

8

7

7

2001-02

11

14

13

11

11

10

9

8

7

6

2002-03

11

13

13

11

11

10

9

8

7

7

2003-04

11

13

12

11

11

10

9

8

7

6

2004-05

12

14

13

12

11

10

9

8

7

6

Percentage of children by the income decile of their household—Great Britain, 1994-95 to 2004-05—After Housing Costs

Decile

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

1994-95

12

15

11

12

11

10

9

8

7

6

1995-96

13

15

11

11

11

10

9

8

6

6

1996-97

13

16

11

11

11

10

9

7

7

6

1997-98

13

15

11

11

11

10

9

7

6

6

1998-99

14

15

12

11

11

10

8

7

7

6

1999-2000

13

15

12

11

11

10

9

7

6

6

2000-01

12

15

12

12

11

10

8

7

6

6

2001-02

12

15

12

12

11

10

9

7

6

6

2002-03

12

14

12

11

11

9

9

8

7

6

2003-04

12

15

11

12

11

10

9

8

6

6

2004-05

12

15

12

12

11

10

8

8

6

6

Notes: 1. Deciles shown here represent groups of the child population in Great Britain. The lowest decile group is the 10 per cent. of the population with the lowest household incomes. The second decile group contains children whose household incomes are above the lowest decile point but below the second decile point. Successive deciles follow similarly. 2. The percentages by decile are based on the equivalised incomes of households with children. Equivalisation is the process by which the household income is adjusted for size and composition as a proxy for material living standards. 3. All estimates are subject to sampling error and response bias and small changes between years may be influenced by these. 4. Percentages may not sum to 100 per cent. across a year, due to rounding. Source: Family Resources Survey

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what the average income is of households in social rented accommodation in (a) England, (b) each English region and (c) each London borough. (99802)

The information requested is not available below the level of Government Office Region.

The available information is in the following table.

The median income of households in social rented accommodation1 in England and each English region (2004-05 prices)

£ per week equivalent

Before housing costs

After housing costs

England

221

171

North East

206

166

North West

217

173

Yorkshire and the Humber

215

176

East Midlands

216

169

Eastern

226

177

London

232

177

South East

237

178

South West

226

174

1 Social rented accommodation is defined as those living in local authority, New Town, Council, Housing Association, Co-Op or Trust rented accommodation. Note: All estimates are calculated using a three year average. Source: Family Resources Survey 2002-03, 2003-04 and 2004-05