Education expenditure1,2 by central and local government3 for under 5s and within primary schools in real terms4 in England 1990-91 to 2005-06 (£ million), excluding Ofsted expenditureSchools5 current6Under fives7Primary1990-911,4736,7591991-921,6207,1601992-931,7497,5101993-941,8437,5931994-951,9447,8651995-961,9657,8641996-972,0057,8901997-982,1147,8971998-992,1578,0111999-20002,3998,3222000-012,6839,0202001-023,2329,7412002-033,29110,1792003-043,65710,7742004-053,920810,9012005-064,010911,209 1 Figures within departmental expenditure limits (DEL). Excludes DfES administration costs and expenditure on areas other than education, for instance on children and families and on skills. Figures for 1998-99 onwards are resource-based. Central Government figures for 1995-96 to 1997-98 are cash-based.2 Differences between the totals above and the figures for primary education spending in HM Treasury’s Public Expenditure Statistical Analyses (PESA) Report are the result of (a) data coverage: the exclusion of Annual Managed Expenditure (AME) items in the above table, (b) definitional differences: Departmental administration costs and Ofsted spending on education are both classified as education are both classified as education spending under UN Classification of Functions Government (COFOG) international definitions—the above table excludes these, (c) reclassifications made since Budget 2006 of Connexions spending to social protection and Adult Education spend to training in line with UN COFOG definitions. The next scheduled HMT National Statistics release will update education spending to take account of these reclassifications, (d) further minor data coverage and timing differences.3 The recurrent local authority figures in this table are drawn from the Local Government Expenditure table of the Departmental Annual Report (table 8.3 of the 2006 DAR); the footnotes to that table set out the underlying data sources. The blank rows denote the changes from the Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions education Revenue Outturn return (the ‘RO1’) to Section 52 Outturn Statements 1999-2000 and arising from the review of the Section 52 categories in 2002-03 following the introduction of Consistent Financial Reporting to schools.4 Sources of the figures in the table are as follows: 1997-98 to 2005-06 from the Education Select Committee table, 1995-96 to 1996-97 from the November 2005 Education Bulletin, 1993-94 to 1994-95 from the November 2004 Bulletin, 1989-90 to 1992-93 from the Departmental Reports.5 All figures have been converted to 2005-06 price levels using 27 September 2006 gross domestic product (GDP) deflators. The base year of these figures is 2005-06, not 2004-05, so the figures are in 2005-06 prices.6 Includes expenditure on county, voluntary aided, special agreement, grant-maintained schools, city technology colleges and other specialist schools. Central Government funding on grant-maintained schools has been apportioned to under-fives, primary and secondary sectors using pupil numbers. 7 Figures from 2003-04 onwards reflect the transfer of responsibility from the Department to LEAs of costs relating to teachers pensions.8 Provisional outturn.9 Estimated outturn.Note:As we can only project forecasts figures one year on from the outturn statements, we only have figures available for up to 2005-06.