The UK is a leading proponent of targeted measures, through both the EU and the UN Security Council, to help bring the conflict in Darfur to an end. The EU has had an arms embargo on Sudan in place since 1994. We will support further EU action to help resolve the crisis in Darfur.
UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1591 imposed targeted sanctions, an assets freeze and a travel ban, on individuals deemed to be obstructing the peace process or who commit atrocities in Darfur. UNSCR 1672 applied targeted sanctions to four individuals from all sides. We have made clear that more names will follow.
We maintain a regular dialogue, at the highest level, with the US and with European partners on Darfur. My right hon. Friend the Prime Minister raised Darfur with President Bush during his recent visit to Washington, and my right hon. Friend the Foreign Secretary discussed Darfur with European counterparts during the European Council on 14 and 15 December.
We are pressing Sudan to implement the decisions of the recent meetings in Addis Ababa and Abuja, including accepting UN assistance for the AU force, maintaining the ceasefire and renewing its political dialogue with the rebels. The Government of Sudan should be clear that they have a choice between co-operating in this way or facing tougher measures if they do not. As my right hon. Friend the Prime Minister has said, a no-fly zone is one of the options available to the international community should the Government of Sudan fail to co-operate.
We also continue to look at the case for designating further individuals to targeted sanctions under UN Security Council Resolution 1591.
We continue to make clear to the Government of Sudan that they must co-operate in full with the humanitarian effort in Darfur. We welcome the recent extension of the visa moratorium for all UN and non-governmental organisation agencies operating in Darfur.
We are pressing Sudan to implement the decisions of the recent meetings in Addis Ababa and Abuja, including accepting UN assistance for the African Union force, maintaining the ceasefire and renewing its political dialogue with the rebels. The Government of Sudan should be clear that they have a choice between co-operating in this way or facing tougher measures if they do not. As my right hon. Friend the Prime Minister has said, a no-fly zone is one of the options available to the international community should the Government of Sudan fail to co-operate.
The Government welcome the holding of the UN Human Rights Council's special session on Darfur on 12 and 13 December and its decision to send an expert human rights mission to Darfur. The Sudanese Government must give the mission their full cooperation. The mission will report back to the Human Rights Council in March.
The UK worked hard throughout the recent special session to ensure the agreement of other members of the Human Rights Council and of the UN on the need to tackle effectively human rights violations in Darfur. Our ambassador in Khartoum regularly raises our human rights concerns with the Sudanese Government. We are in constant touch with our missions to the UN in New York and Geneva.
We have received numerous reports of attacks against African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) personnel in Darfur including, most recently, one report of kidnapping of AMIS personnel last week which has now been resolved. We have also received reports of attacks against AMIS vehicles by both sides in the conflict. AMIS bases were also threatened by groups of civilians recently in both El Fasher and El Geneinah. It has been reported that in the past four months alone there have been 29 humanitarian vehicles hijacked in Darfur. There have also been frequent hijackings of non-governmental organisation vehicles.
We utterly condemn recent attacks on civilians, on AMIS personnel and on aid workers in Darfur. We are calling on both the Government of Sudan and the rebels to stop fighting immediately and resume a political dialogue aimed at bringing the non-signatories into the Darfur Peace Agreement. We are also urging the Sudanese Government to take immediate steps to implement the commitments they made in Addis Ababa on 16 November.
There were clashes in El Fasher on 4 December and in the following days between Arab militia and rebels connected with Minni Minawi, resulting in fatalities on both sides. The UN evacuated its non-essential staff and those of non-governmental organisations in the town. The situation was unstable for several days following these clashes, with sporadic shooting especially at night and some robbery and harassment in the market. However, in the last few days a large number of militia have left the town, the Government of Sudan has increased their patrolling and the situation is now calm.
The joint UN/African Union (AU)/Sudanese Government Tripartite Mechanism is awaiting the appointment of a Sudanese Government representative and has not yet been formalised. However, there was a meeting between the parties involved last week.
We are in touch with the AU, the UN and with the Sudanese Government about implementation of UN support for the AU Mission in Sudan (AMIS), which is currently focused on implementing the Light Support Package, as set out in the conclusions of the High Level meeting on Darfur held in Addis Ababa on 16 November. It is crucial that AMIS is bolstered by the phased UN support package agreed by the AU Peace and Security Council if it is to be effective in promoting peace and stability in Darfur. We will continue to press the Government of Sudan to agree to this, urge our international partners to do the same and go on providing support to AMIS.