DFID has substantial programmes of co-operation with China in support of achievement of the millennium development goals in three areas: health (TB and HIV and AIDS), basic education, and water resource management, water supply and sanitation. The environmental impact on development is a strong theme throughout, but particularly in the water area.
DFID also works with China on international development issues, and is involved with the UK-China sustainable development dialogue. This is led by DEFRA, but with strong support from DFID. The four priority themes agreed with the Chinese for the next two years are natural resource management (especially forests, water and soils); sustainable consumption and production; capacity building for sustainable development; and sustainable urban communities. All of these themes address the environmental impacts of development, and involve collaboration and technical exchanges between different departments in the UK and China, as well as a range of small projects involving government, NGOs and the private sector.
Finally, DFID is a key participant in the UK-China working group on climate change, and plays a particularly strong role in promoting the need to adapt to the anticipated impacts of climate change, through both projects and dialogue.
Total UK bilateral aid to China in the last six years was as follows:
£ million 2000-01 56.740 2001-02 50.266 2002-03 44.386 2003-04 42.406 2004-05 42.746 2005-06 36.854
In addition the imputed UK share of multilateral aid to China from calendar years 1999 to 2004 (the last year for which information is available) was:
£ million 1999 5.50 2000 37.50 2001 65.50 2002 4.40 2003 98.90 2004 22.50
The UK’s bilateral aid to China is concentrated in three main areas: basic education; health, in particular the prevention of tuberculosis and HIV and AIDS; and in water supply and sanitation. We are helping China to achieve the Millennium Development Goals in these sectors. We are also working with China on international development issues, particularly on Africa, sustainable development and climate change, aid harmonisation and effectiveness, and learning from China’s successes in reducing poverty.