DFID paid £259 million to the Global Fund to fight AIDS, TB and Malaria from 2000 to 2006 as follows:
£ million 2000 — 2001 — 2002 50 2003 25 2004 33 2005 51 2006 100 Total 259
DFID paid £44.32 million to the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation from 2000 to 2006 as follows:
£ million 2000 3 2001 7 2002 7.28 2003 0.28 2004 13.99 2005 0 2006 12.77 Total 44.32
DFID’s contributions to the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation were classified as bilateral official development assistance. Contributions to the Global Fund to fight AIDS, TB and Malaria were classified as multilateral assistance, except for the costs associated with the UK-hosted 2005 Replenishment Conference, which were reported as bilateral official development assistance.
DFID generally provides poverty reduction budget support (PRBS) direct to a partner Government account rather than through any intermediary. In this respect DFID financing is not pooled with those from other donors prior to the release of funds to the respective Government account.
However, in most countries where we deliver PRBS other donors also provide this form of assistance directly to the Government. We work closely with other donors, for example, in many countries a joint Memorandum of Understanding governs the management of the PRBS relationship between Government and donors; performance monitoring frameworks are prepared jointly and jointly assessed and discussed with the Government.
Aid is classified as poverty reduction budget support (PRBS) if it is merged with other domestic resources and accounted for alongside the rest of the partner Government's expenditure through their reporting and accounting systems and reports of the Auditor General. Sector budget support is aid that is earmarked for expenditure either in a particular sector, sub sector, programme, or set of expenditure lines. The general principle is that this is aid which is spent using national or sub-national financial management, procurement and accountability systems. Before deciding to provide sector budget support a fiduciary risk assessment is undertaken to assess the partner Government Public Financial Management Administration systems for the effective use of and accounting for the funds.
For financial aid to be classified as a sector wide approach (SWAp), the following criteria would need to be met:
There is a comprehensive sector policy and strategy in place:
An annual sector expenditure programme and medium term Sectoral Expenditure Framework:
Donor coordination is government led:
Major donors can provide support within the agreed framework.
As well as at least one of the following:
A significant number of donors committed to moving towards greater reliance on government financial and accountability systems:
A common approach by donors to implementation and management.
Figures for DFID expenditure on sector budget support are published in Statistics on International Development, copies of which are available in the Library. The relevant figures are reproduced in Table 1 alongside estimates of DFID expenditure on sector wide approaches.
£000 Sector budget support Sector wide approaches 2000-01 24,098 23,992 2001-02 22,718 35,195 2002-03 23,685 40,986 2003-04 44,724 33,974 2004-05 115,752 23,286 2005-06 195,870 53,286
Sector budget support
Sector wide approaches
In DFID’s 2006 White Paper on International Development, “Making governance work for the poor”, we made a commitment to support special initiatives to get more girls into school. We have just published the first Progress Report of DFID’s 2005 girls’ education strategy ‘Girls’ education: towards a better future for all’ which provides more details. Copies of the report are being placed in the Library.
The UK’s £8.5 billion funding commitment to education in developing countries will mainly be used to support partner Governments with predictable funding against which they can prepare ambitious 10 year education sector plans to achieve the education millennium development goals. The plans will focus on investment in schools, including recruiting and training more teachers, getting more pupils, including girls and disadvantaged children, into and completing school and improving the quality of education. So at least half of this funding will benefit girls directly or indirectly.
The development of education sector plans is being led by the developing countries, with donors including the UK contributing. Individual allocations of the £8.5 billion, including special initiatives for girls, will be decided at country level.