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Recidivism

Volume 455: debated on Wednesday 10 January 2007

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what his most recent estimate is of the rate of recidivism amongst (a) child sex offenders, (b) other sex offenders, (c) violent crime offenders and (d) other classes of offender. (105734)

The most recent re-offending rates by offence sentenced were published in November as “Re-offending of Adults: Results from the 2003 Cohort”, Home Office Statistical Bulletin 20/06. The report is available online at http://www. homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs06/hosb2006.pdfhttp: www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs06/hosb2006.pdf and covers offenders starting community sentences or being discharged from prison in England and Wales in the first quarter of 2003. Actual re-offending rates by sentenced offence can be found in Table A2 and are illustrated in figure six.

Evidence suggests that offenders do not specialise in the type of offences that they commit. In the sample used for this publication, only 29 per cent. of those who re-offended committed their first re-offence in the same type as their original offence.

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what the adjusted re-offending rate for persons on community orders was during the two-year period following completion of the order at the latest date available. (113398)

Information regarding re-offending data after the community order has been completed is not readily available. Re-offending data are calculated from the commencement of the community order or from the completion of a custodial sentence.

Re-offending rates are no longer adjusted. Previously, reconviction data were adjusted to take account of “pseudo-convictions” which were offences that occurred before the sentence but processed during the sentence. As recidivism is now measured using re-offending, adjustment for pseudo-convictions is no longer needed.

Please see Table A5 of “Re-offending of Adults: Evidence from the 2003 Cohort” for the most recent information on re-offending rates by disposal available at this link:

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs06/hosb2006.pdf

Pages 10 and 11, including figure 9, of the same publication provide evidence regarding the relationship between disposal and re-offending rates.