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Volume 455: debated on Wednesday 10 January 2007

To ask the Secretary of State for International Development how much (a) bilateral and (b) multilateral funding has been provided by the UK for HIV/AIDS (i) prevention and (ii) treatment in India in each year since 2001; and if he will make a statement (113391)

The information is as follows:

(a) DFID has committed a total of £123 million to support the second phase of the Government of India’s National AIDS Control Programme (NACP 2) over the period 2000 to 2007. Of this, £90 million will have been spent by March 2007. The remaining funds will be rolled into DFID’s support to the third phase of the programme which will begin in April 2007 and to which DFID is planning to commit additional resources.

Most of the current funding goes through the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) to eight focus states: Orissa, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Part of DFID’s funding is also provided through a challenge fund directly to non-government organisations, in order to fill gaps in the national programme. DFID’s support is primarily for implementing prevention interventions, including focused education and behaviour change programmes for people at high risk of HIV, such as truckers, female sex workers, men having sex with men and injecting drug users. However, activities to support the expansion of care and support to people with HIV, including the training of health workers and development of networks of positive people, are also funded. DFID encourages comprehensive programmes including prevention, treatment, and care. It is not possible to attribute the proportion of funds going to each specific component.

(b) DFID provides significant funding to UNAIDS in India (£5.9 million from 2001 to March 2007) to strengthen the UN response to HIV and AIDS. During NACP 2 DFID has also committed £9.1 million to other UN agencies including UNICEF for work on HIV education among adolescents, UNDP for work on prevention of trafficking and HIV in women and girls and UNODC for expanding prevention of HIV among drug users.

In addition, the UK is a major contributor to the Global Fund for AIDS, TB and Malaria, which has approved programmes in India of over US $492 million over a five-year period. GFATM funds are an integral part of the overall resource framework for the next phase of the National AIDS Control Programme, and will enable the Government of India to scale up access to antiretroviral treatment from the current low base—to reach the goal of 340,000 people on treatment, including 40,000 children.