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General Affairs and External Relations Council

Volume 455: debated on Friday 26 January 2007

My right hon. Friend the Foreign Secretary , Sir John Grant (UK permanent representative to the EU) and I represented the UK at the General Affairs and External Relations Council (GAERC) in Brussels.

The agenda items covered were as follows:

General Affairs

Lisbon annual progress report

The Council took note of a Commission presentation by Vice-President Margot Wallstrom on the annual progress report on implementation of the Lisbon strategy for jobs and growth.

The Council exchanged views on the basis of the report which included country-specific recommendations on the implementation of economic and employment policies at national level.

AOB: The Constitutional Treaty

The presidency briefed the Council on preparations for a declaration to mark the 50th anniversary of the Treaties of Rome and on preparations for a report on institutional reform to be discussed at the European Council on 21 and 22 June.

External Relations

Ukraine

The Council adopted a mandate for a new enhanced agreement between the EU and Ukraine. Negotiations will be launched at an EU-Ukraine Foreign Ministers’ meeting in Kiev on 6 February.

The Council also adopted conclusions acknowledging Ukraine’s European aspirations and welcoming progress made while supporting further economic and political reforms for strengthening democracy, stability and prosperity in the country.

European Neighbourhood Policy

The Council exchanged views on the basis of a Communication presented by External Relations Commissioner, Benita Ferrero-Waldner, on ways of strengthening the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP).

The Commission’s ideas for strengthening the policy include: creating an economic community through trade integration; facilitating mobility; strengthening political cooperation and enhancing regional cooperation in the East, including the Black Sea.

Sudan

In an exchange of views on funding for the African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS), the UK announced its decision to provide an additional £15 million this financial year.

The Council adopted conclusions: expressing concern about the security and humanitarian situation in Darfur; condemning the continuing ceasefire violations and calling for an immediate cessation to hostilities; and urging the parties and non-signatories to the Darfur peace agreement to take part in the negotiations.

The conclusions express readiness to consider further measures, including through the UN, against any party which obstructs implementation of UN support for AMIS. The conclusions reaffirmed the EU’s commitment to continue support for AMIS in the transition period leading to the agreed hybrid force in Darfur and confirmed the extension of the EU civilian/military supporting action to AMIS for a period of up to six months, from 1 January 2007. They also highlighted the EU’s concern over the destabilising effects of the Darfur conflict on Chad and the Central African Republic and called all parties to implement the comprehensive peace agreement.

Somalia

The Council adopted conclusions calling on all parties to build on the current momentum and reach a durable political settlement enabling Somalia to achieve lasting peace, development and prosperity and urging the resumption of fully functioning political institutions and civil society, as soon as possible.

Iran

The Council discussed implementation of UN Security Council Resolution (SCR) 1737.

Conclusions were adopted welcoming unanimous adoption of UNSCR 1737 and calling on all countries to implement the measures in full and without delay.

To ensure effective implementation of measures in UNSCR 1737 while remaining consistent with EU policy, and recalling the EU policy not to sell arms to Iran, Ministers agreed that the EU should prevent the export to and import from Iran of the goods on the Nuclear Suppliers Group and Missile Technology Control Regime lists; ban transactions with and freeze the assets of individuals and entities covered by the criteria in UNSCR 1737; ban travel to the EU of the individuals covered by these criteria; and take measures to prevent Iranian nationals from studying proliferation sensitive subjects within the EU.

Energy external relations

Commissioner Ferrero-Waldner briefed the Council on a Communication setting out priorities for energy policy for 2007-09: the diversification of energy supply; the EU’s energy partnership with Russia; the strengthening of energy relations with the EU’s neighbouring countries and the deepening of energy relations with the major consumer countries such as the United States, China and India on climate protection, energy efficiency and renewable energies.

My right hon. Friend the Foreign Secretary highlighted the linkage between climate and energy, emphasising the importance of a coherent EU approach to energy, to address dependency on external energy supplies through improved energy efficiency and to recognise the impact climate security and energy will increasingly have on the EU’s external relations. The EU stood to gain by leading the way. Other partners also underlined the clear links between energy and climate.

Western Balkans

The Council discussed follow-up to the elections in Serbia and the need to support UN Status Envoy Martti Ahtisaari’s proposals on Kosovo, to be presented on 2 February.

The Council adopted conclusions on the European partnership with Montenegro and on Serbia, welcoming the conduct of the parliamentary elections on 21 January and calling for the speedy formation of a Government committed to Serbia’s European course.

Middle East Peace Process

The Council agreed conclusions expressing support for President Abbas and his continued efforts for national unity and calling on all parties to consolidate the cease-fire in Gaza. The conclusions also welcomed the extension of the temporary international mechanism for three months which is providing essential relief to a large part of the Palestinian population, in coordination with the office of the president.

Lebanon

The Council adopted conclusions welcoming the international conference in support of Lebanon in Paris on 25 January 2007 and reiterating the EU’s call for full implementation of UNSCR1701.

Libya

The Council adopted conclusions expressing grave concern at the verdict of the Criminal Court in Libya on 19 December 2006, convicting and sentencing to death in a re-trial five Bulgarian nurses and one Palestinian doctor in connection with the HIV/AIDS case at the Benghazi hospital in 1999. The conclusions also called on the Libyan authorities to find a positive, fair and prompt solution to this case leading to the swift release of the medical workers.

Death Penalty

The Council exchanged views on possible further initiatives for a moratorium on the death penalty in international fora, including the United Nations.

AOB

The Council was briefed, under AOB, by Trade Commissioner Peter Mandelson on negotiations with the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) on the establishment of an EU-GCC free trade area.