These measures were among a wide range of indicators of social disadvantage used in a report on multiple disadvantage (using the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS)) commissioned by the then Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM) in 2003. Some of the measures are indicative of social disadvantage in a broad sense, without in themselves being direct measures of disadvantage.
The ODPM published a report based on this work in September 2004 as “Low income and multiple disadvantage 1991 to 2001: Analysis of the British Household Panel Survey for the Social Exclusion Unit in the Breaking the Cycle Series”.
This report contains details of the results of the research, which was carried out on behalf of the Social Exclusion Unit by the University of Essex.
Social exclusion unit report: