Skip to main content

Autism and Special Needs

Volume 456: debated on Thursday 1 February 2007

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills how many pupils with (a) an autistic spectrum disorder and (b) special educational needs were (i) temporarily excluded and (ii) permanently excluded from a maintained (A) primary and (B) secondary school in each of the last five years, broken down by ethnic group. (110588)

The available information is given in the following tables.

The information the DfES collects on excluded pupils is broken down to show whether they have special educational needs (SEN) but does not extend to type of SEN. The information provided in this response relates to excluded pupils with SEN (both with and without statements).

The first year for which information on fixed period exclusions is available relates to the 2003-04 academic year. Data on exclusions are collected retrospectively. Exclusions data for 2004-05 academic year were published in June 2006. The available information relating to fixed period exclusions during 2003-04 and 2004-05 has been provided.

Maintained primary and secondary schools1: number of fixed period exclusions by ethnic group and special educational needs2, 2003-04 and 2004-05, England

Pupils with statements of SEN and pupils with SEN without statements3

Primary

Secondary

2003-04

2004-05

2003-04

2004-05

Number

Percentage

Number

Percentage

Number

Percentage

Number

Percentage

White

23,310

4.1

24,730

4.3

107,080

24.6

121,890

26.8

White British

22,620

4.1

24,000

4.4

104,660

24.8

118,990

27.0

Irish

80

2.7

130

4.6

470

23.1

470

23.1

Traveller of Irish heritage

120

7.8

120

6.7

180

36.8

230

45.7

Gypsy/Roma

170

7.2

180

7.4

320

38.5

510

50.5

Any other White background

330

2.2

310

1.9

1,440

13.4

1,700

15.6

Mixed

1,240

5.6

1,370

5.8

4,180

32.9

5,260

37.9

White and Black Caribbean

670

7.4

710

7.4

2,330

41.8

2,950

47.4

White and Black African

130

5.8

110

4.4

310

26.3

430

31.5

White and Asian

120

3.6

100

2.8

360

20.4

490

25.8

Any other Mixed background

320

4.2

440

5.6

1,180

28.0

1,390

31.8

Asian

460

1.0

510

1.0

3,330

10.7

3,680

11.1

Indian

50

0.5

70

0.6

580

7.1

750

9.3

Pakistani

300

1.2

320

1.2

2,000

13.2

1,980

12.1

Bangladeshi

60

0.7

60

0.6

520

9.8

630

11.0

Any other Asian background

50

1.3

60

1.4

240

9.2

330

10.7

Black

1,890

5.4

2,040

5.4

5,880

24.3

6,620

26.4

Black Caribbean

1,090

7.4

1,110

7.5

3,340

29.1

3,540

30.9

Black African

570

3.4

720

3.9

1,570

16.1

1,970

18.5

Any other Black background

240

6.2

210

5.1

980

32.7

1,110

37.8

Chinese

#

#

10

0.7

40

3.3

50

4.4

Any other ethnic group

90

1.4

110

1.6

610

13.6

700

14.1

Unclassified5

1,590

n/a

1,360

n/a

8,630

n/a

8,650

n/a

All pupils2

28,580

4.1

30,120

4.3

129,740

24.5

146,860

26.7

n/a = not applicable

# = less than five exclusions, or a rate based on less than 5 exclusions.

1 Includes middle schools as deemed.

2 Includes pupils of compulsory school age and above.

3 Pupils with SEN without statements includes those pupils supported at School Action and at School Action Plus.

4 The number of exclusions expressed as a percentage of the school population of same ethnic origin with special educational needs (both with and without statements).

5 Includes pupils whose ethnic group has not been classified, or has been classified using a different coding framework.

Note:

Numbers have been rounded to the nearest 10

Source:

Termly Exclusions Survey and Schools Census

A change in the categories for recording ethnicity data means that comparable figures on the ethnicity of excluded pupils are only available from 2003-04 onwards.

There are quality issues with data on permanent exclusions. A significant number of schools are known to have under-reported the situation. The Department has carried out checking exercises in each year to confirm the overall number of permanent exclusions. However, this only confirmed the number of exclusions in each local authority area and did not include information on the characteristics (such as SEN provision and ethnic group) of the excluded pupil. Figures provided in this response relating to permanent exclusions are as reported by schools and are known to be incomplete. The data are not sufficiently reliable or robust to provide detailed ethnic breakdowns by SEN provision.

Maintained primary and secondary schools1: number of permanent exclusions by ethnic group and special educational needs2,3, 2003-04 and 2004-05, England

Pupils with statements of SEN and pupils without statements4

Primary

Secondary

2003-04

2004-05

2003-04

2004-05

Number

Percentage5

Number

Percentage5

Number

Percentage5

Number

Percentage5

White6

760

0.13

250

0.04

3,760

0.86

3,600

0.79

Mixed7

60

0.25

20

0.09

200

1.55

220

1.60

Asian8

10

0.02

10

0.01

90

0.30

110

0,32

Black9

70

0.18

20

0.06

310

1.28

290

1.16

Other10

10

0.06

#

0.02

30

0.56

20

0.36

Unclassified11

40

n/a

10

n/a

220

n/a

180

n/a

Total

930

0.13

310

0.04

4,610

0.87

4,420

0.80

n/a = not applicable

# = less than five exclusions, or a rate based on less than five exclusions.

1 Includes middle schools as deemed.

2 There are quality issues with permanent exclusions data for these years. Schools are known to have under-reported the situation. Figures shown here are as reported by schools and are unconfirmed. Caution is recommended when interpreting this output

3 Includes only those pupils of compulsory school age and above.

4 Pupils with SEN without statements includes those pupils supported at School Action and at School Action Plus.

5 The number of exclusions expressed as a percentage of the school population of same ethnic origin with special educational needs (both with and without statements).

6 Includes pupils whose ethnic group has been classified as White British, Irish, Traveller of Irish heritage, Gypsy/Roma or any other White background.

7 Includes pupils whose ethnic group has been classified as White and Black Caribbean, White and Black African, White and Asian or any other Mixed background.

8 Includes pupils whose ethnic group has been classified as Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi or any other Asian background.

9 Includes pupils whose ethnic group has been classified as Black Caribbean, Black African or any other Black background.

10 Includes pupils whose ethnic group has been classified as Chinese or any other ethnic group.

11 Includes pupils whose ethnic group has not been classified, or has been classified using a different coding framework.

Note:

Numbers have been rounded to the nearest 10.

Source:

Schools Census

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills how many pupils there are in maintained (a) primary and (b) secondary schools with (i) an autistic spectrum disorder and (ii) special educational needs, broken down by ethnic group. (110589)

The requested information is given in the following table.

Information was collected from schools on pupils who are supported at “School Action Plus” and those pupils with a statement of special educational needs (SEN) about their main or primary need and, if appropriate, their secondary need for the first time in 2004.

There are a number of sensitivities about categorising pupils by their type of SEN. It is important that anyone using the data should be aware of the concerns and also understand the limitations of the data’s reliability and validity. There are a range of factors which may affect the data recorded, including:

Local interpretation of definitions

Classification of children with multiple needs

Differences in diagnoses between education and health professionals

Availability of special school provisions in authorities

Maintained primary and secondary schools1: Number and percentage of pupils with special educational needs (SEN)2—as at January 2006—England

Pupils of compulsory school age and above3

Primary

Secondary

Primary

Secondary

Number of pupils with autistic spectrum disorder4

Percentage of pupils with an autistic spectrum disorder5

Number of pupils with autistic spectrum disorder4

Percentage of pupils with an autistic spectrum disorder5

Number of pupils with SEN6

Percentage of pupils with SEN7

Number of pupils with SEN6

Percentage of pupils with SEN7

White

13,420

6.0

9,250

4.8

581,110

21.3

478,450

17.3

White British

12,920

6.0

8,990

4.9

555,630

21.2

461,550

17.3

Irish

80

7.4

50

5.8

2,720

22.0

2,120

17.3

Traveller of Irish heritage

8

8

8

8

1,810

60.4

560

52.9

Gypsy/Roma

10

0.7

8

8

2,620

50.9

1,150

50.1

Any other White background

410

6.6

210

4.5

18,330

20.8

13,070

17.5

Mixed

630

6.5

260

4.0

25,650

21.8

16,030

19.0

White and Black Caribbean

210

5.4

70

2.5

10,110

25.2

7,170

23.5

White and Black African

70

6.5

30

4.3

2,820

22.5

1,540

19.2

White and Asian

100

6.9

50

5.9

4,070

16.8

2,300

13.6

Any other Mixed background

260

7.7

110

5.3

8,650

21.3

5,030

17.4

Asian

550

3.2

180

1.6

54,620

20.6

37,060

16.8

Indian

180

5.2

80

3.3

11,690

15.0

8,440

10.7

Pakistani

220

2.5

60

1.0

27,780

25.2

18,530

22.4

Bangladeshi

70

2.1

20

0.8

10,330

22.2

6,420

19.6

Any other Asian background

80

5.7

20

2.0

4,830

15.5

3,680

13.7

Black

770

5.2

210

2.0

40,270

27.2

27,390

23.3

Black Caribbean

260

4.5

100

2.0

14,920

30.7

11,780

27.3

Black African

420

5.8

70

1.7

20,980

25.0

12,440

20.6

Any other Black background

90

5.2

40

2.8

4,370

27.7

3,170

22.9

Chinese

50

9.7

30

5.5

1,310

11.8

1,330

10.3

Any other ethnic group

90

3.5

30

1.9

8,020

21.5

5,560

18.7

Unclassified4

220

n/a

260

n/a

11,640

n/a

14,600

n/a

All pupils2

15,720

5.8

10,200

4.5

722,610

21.6

580,420

17.6

n/a = not applicable.

1 Includes middle schools as deemed.

2 Excludes dually registered pupils.

3 Pupils aged 5 and over are classified according to their ethnic group.

4 Pupils at “School Action Plus” and those pupils with statements of SEN provide information on their primary need and, if appropriate, their secondary need. Information on primary need only is given here.

5 The number of pupils with an autistic spectrum disorder expressed as a percentage of pupils at “School Action Plus” and those pupils with statements of SEN.

6 Pupils with SEN, both with and without statements.

7 The number of pupils with SEN (both with and without statements) expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils of same ethnic origin.

8 Less than 5 pupils or a rate based on less than 5 pupils.

Note:

Pupil numbers have been rounded to the nearest 10

Source:

Schools Census