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Gross Value Added

Volume 456: debated on Friday 2 February 2007

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what the change was in gross value added (GVA) per capita in each region and county in each year since 1990; and what the trend growth was of GVA per capita in each region and county between 1990 and 2002. (116688)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Colin Mowl, dated 2 February 2007:

The National Statistician has been asked to reply to your recent question about gross value added (GVA) per capita in each region and county in each year since 1990; and what the trend growth was of GVA per capita in each region and county between 1990 and 2002. I am replying in her absence. (116688)

The Office for National Statistics publishes regional GVA using official statistical geographies known as Nomenclature of Units for Territorial Statistics (NUTS)1. The NUTS classification does not fully correspond to counties of the United Kingdom. Table 1 shows annual percentage changes in GVA per capita for each NUTS1 (regions and countries) of the UK; Table 2 shows annual percentage changes in GVA per capita for each NUTS2 (groups of counties and unitary authorities) area. Consistent estimates below the NUTS1 level are only available from 1995 onwards. These estimates are expressed at current basic prices, and do not allow for changes in prices over time (inflation) or differences in regional price levels (purchasing power). They do not, therefore, show growth in real or volume terms. ONS does not currently publish such estimates, but they are being developed for NUTS 1 regions as part of the Allsopp programme.

Table 3 shows average growth, at current prices, for each NUTS1 region for the period 1990-2002. Table 4 shows average growth, at current prices, for each NUTS2 area for the period 1995-2002.

1 The Nomenclature of Units for Territorial Statistics (NUTS) provides a single uniform breakdown for the production of regional statistics for the European Union. There are three levels of NUTS in the UK. These are:

NUTS1: Government Office Regions and Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

NUTS2: 37 areas—individual and groups of counties and unitary authorities.

NUTS3: 133 areas—generally groups of unitary authorities or districts, also known as local areas.

The full range of published regional GVA estimates are available on the ONS website:

http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/Productasp?vlnk=14650

Table 1: NUTS 1 gross value added1 per capita annual change

Percentage

GVA per head annual change

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

United Kingdom

8.4

4.1

4.1

4.9

5.4

5.0

6.2

5.4

North East

8.0

5.0

4.6

4.1

4.7

4.5

4.3

4.3

North West

8.3

3.7

4.2

4.6

5.3

4.7

5.0

5.1

Yorkshire and the Humber

8.0

4.3

3.5

3.9

5.1

5.6

6.0

5.6

East Midlands

7.5

4.0

3.7

4.0

5.6

5.2

5.7

5.5

West Midlands

8.3

3.5

4.2

5.0

6.2

5.4

5.4

6.0

East of England

8.4

3.7

4.3

4.9

5.6

5.0

5.5

5.2

London

8.4

3.9

4.2

5.2

4.4

3.5

6.5

7.2

South East

8.6

5.0

4.6

5.5

5.7

5.1

6.3

6.7

South West

8.4

4.3

3.5

5.0

5.1

5.1

7.0

5.8

Wales

7.6

3.1

4.2

4.4

5.4

5.4

4.3

4.0

Scotland

9.1

5.9

4.7

4.5

5.3

4.8

4.8

4.7

Northern Ireland

9.4

6.3

5.5

6.7

5.7

6.6

6.5

5.2

Percentage

GVA per head annual change

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

United Kingdom

5.7

4.5

4.7

4.6

5.0

5.5

5.5

3.4

North East

4.4

3.3

3.5

5.0

4.7

5.5

5.9

3.9

North West

5.4

4.3

3.5

4.9

4.5

5.1

5.4

3.4

Yorkshire and the Humber

5.2

3.3

3.5

4.8

5.1

5.6

5.1

3.2

East Midlands

4.7

3.1

3.3

5.2

5.0

6.4

6.0

3.7

West Midlands

5.4

3.7

3.7

4.4

4.0

4.9

5.2

3.2

East of England

5.9

3.9

3.7

5.1

5.3

6.1

6.0

3.0

London

8.1

5.1

3.5

3.8

6.3

6.1

5.8

3.1

South East

8.1

5.5

4.7

5.5

5.2

5.3

5.1

2.6

South West

5.9

4.3

3.9

5.4

5.5

6.0

5.7

3.4

Wales

3.8

3.0

3.5

5.1

4.3

5.5

5.4

3.7

Scotland

4.0

3.2

3.4

4.3

5.7

5.9

5.5

3.7

Northern Ireland

5.8

5.3

4.1

4.6

3.9

5.7

5.6

3.0

1 GVA at current basic prices.

Table 2: NUTS 2 gross value added1 per capita annual change

Percentage

GVA per head annual change

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

Tees Valley and Durham

3.5

3.3

3.0

2.4

2.0

3.0

2.9

4.8

5.9

Northumberland and Tyne and Wear

5.0

5.2

5.5

4.0

4.6

6.4

6.0

6.1

5.9

Cumbria

3.6

2.0

1.6

0.5

0.2

3.0

4.5

6.1

5.5

Cheshire

5.2

5.8

5.1

4.3

3.1

4.5

4.0

3.7

4.5

Greater Manchester

5.4

6.0

6.4

4.9

3.7

4.9

4.4

5.4

5.8

Lancashire

3.9

3.2

4.1

4.2

3.9

5.2

4.1

4.6

5.2

Merseyside

5.7

5.9

6.5

4.7

4.2

5.6

5.8

5.8

5.5

East Riding and North Lincolnshire

5.5

3.4

1.7

0.1

2.5

4.8

5.4

5.5

5.0

North Yorkshire

6.0

4.7

4.6

3.2

4.1

5.4

5.8

6.0

5.2

South Yorkshire

6.3

6.2

6.2

3.4

3.9

5.2

5.8

6.1

5.6

West Yorkshire

6.1

6.4

6.3

4.5

3.5

4.3

4.4

5.2

4.9

Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire

5.6

5.6

4.4

3.6

3.9

5.6

4.8

6.1

6.0

Leicestershire, Rutland and Northamptonshire

6.4

6.5

6.3

3.3

2.8

4.3

4.9

6.7

6.4

Lincolnshire

4.3

2.0

1.0

0.7

2.6

6.7

6.2

6.4

4.8

Herefordshire, Worcestershire and Warwickshire

5.1

5.2

6.2

5.4

4.4

4.2

3.0

4.4

4.9

Shropshire and Staffordshire

5.9

5.4

4.6

2.2

2.6

3.6

5.2

5.7

5.8

West Midlands

5.3

6.6

5.4

3.7

4.0

4.9

3.9

4.7

5.1

East Anglia

4.2

3.1

4.0

2.9

3.3

5.8

5.9

6.2

5.8

Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire

6.7

7.4

8.6

5.2

4.6

4.6

4.0

5.1

5.8

Essex

5.9

5.5

5.4

3.5

2.9

5.0

6.2

7.4

6.6

Inner London

7.0

7.4

8.0

5.0

3.2

4.4

8.1

6.7

5.8

Outer London

5.7

6.8

8.0

4.6

3.2

2.2

2.8

4.9

5.3

Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire

6.6

8.2

11.4

7.4

5.2

5.1

5.0

5.8

5.8

Surrey, East and West Sussex

6.8

6.1

6.7

5.2

5.4

6.5

5.3

4.6

4.4

Hampshire and Isle of Wight

6.1

6.6

6.9

3.8

3.9

5.3

5.5

5.4

5.3

Kent

5.1

4.9

5.7

4.1

3.3

4.7

5.2

5.4

5.0

Gloucestershire, Wiltshire and North Somerset

8.1

7.2

7.2

4.0.

3.9

5.6

6.7

6.6

6.1

Dorset and Somerset

6.1

5.4

6.4

5.9

4.0

4.0

3.6

4.7

5.3

Cornwall and Isles of Scilly

6.5

4.1

4.5

4.8

5.8

7.4

6.5

6.8

5.9

Devon

5.1

3.0

2.1

3.2

3.2

5.6

4.1

5.5

4.7

West Wales and the Valleys

4.1

2.8

2.2

1.5

2.9

4.5

4.4

5.3

5.4

East Wales

4.5

5.4

5.7

4.8

4.1

5.9

4.2

5.6

5.4

North Eastern Scotland

4.4

4.9

4.6

2.6

4.3

3.9

3.4

3.6

4.6

Eastern Scotland

4.8

4.2

3.4

2.4

2.4

4.0

6.7

6.4

5.4

South Western Scotland

5.2

5.4

4.5

4.0

3.9

4.8

5.6

6.1

5.8

Highlands and Islands

2.6

2.8

3.8

4.4

4.5

4.9

6.1

7.1

5.6

Northern Ireland

5.8

5.8

6.1

4.3

3.8

4.8

5.2

5.7

5.5

1 GVA at current basic prices.

Table 3: Average gross value added1 growth per capita for NUTS1 regions, 1990-2002

Average GVA growth per capita 1990-2002

Percentage

United Kingdom

5.0

North East

4.4

North West

4.6

Yorkshire and the Humber

4.7

East Midlands

4.6

West Midlands

4.7

East of England

4.8

London

5.1

South East

5.7

South West

5.1

Wales

4.2

Scotland

4.6

Northern Ireland

5.5

1 GVA at current basic prices.

Table 4: Average gross value added1 growth per capita for NUTS2 regions, 1995-2002

Average GVA growth per capita 1995-2002

Percentage

Tees Valley and Durham

2.9

Northumberland and Tyne and Wear

5.3

Cumbria

2.2

Cheshire

4.6

Greater Manchester

5.1

Lancashire

4.1

Merseyside

5.5

East Riding and North Lincolnshire

3.3

North Yorkshire

4.8

South Yorkshire

5.3

West Yorkshire

5.1

Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire

4.8

Leicestershire, Rutland and Northamptonshire

4.9

Lincolnshire

3.3

Herefordshire, Worcestershire and Warwickshire

4.8

Shropshire and Staffordshire

4.2

West Midlands

4.8

East Anglia

4.2

Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire

5.9

Essex

4.9

Inner London

6.1

Outer London

4.7

Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire

7.0

Surrey, East and West Sussex

6.0

Hampshire and Isle of Wight

5.4

Kent

4.7

Gloucestershire, Wiltshire and North Somerset

6.1

Dorset and Somerset

5.0

Cornwall and Isles of Scilly

5.7

Devon

3.8

West Wales and the Valleys

3.2

East Wales

4.9

North Eastern Scotland

4.0

Eastern Scotland

4.0

South Western Scotland

4.8

Highlands and Islands

4.2

Northern Ireland

5.1

1 GVA at current basic prices.