Any access to carbon markets will require methodologies to measure emissions from deforestation, because it is necessary to estimate whether a reduction in emissions has been achieved relative to an agreed level. Methodologies to do this have been developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change as part of its work on land use, land use change and forestry. The UK made a large contribution to the detailed scientific work and overall guidance of this effort.
The Natural Environmental Research Council is currently considering proposals for work under its Quantifying and Understanding the Earth System (QUEST) programme that deal with the practicalities of biosphere management including emissions reduction from deforestation. One £350,000 study will explicitly address methodologies for avoided deforestation (along with forest management and bioenergy production) under the Kyoto Protocol. The other planned study (£500,000) investigates the mitigation potential of avoided deforestation compared with other activities, in a context of optimal sustainability.