On 1 April 2003, the responsibility for health services in the publicly run prisons in England was transferred from HM Prison Service to the national health service. Funding was transferred to the NHS in stages, and this transfer process completed on schedule in April 2006. The responsibility for commissioning prison health services in the publicly-run prisons in England has therefore been fully devolved to national health service primary care trusts.
Some £118 million in funding for these services was transferred in 2003. During 2006-07 nearly £200 million will be invested in prison healthcare.
Prisoners requiring more complex medical treatments receive it in NHS hospitals, as they did when HM Prison Service had responsibility for prison healthcare.