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Household Incomes

Volume 457: debated on Thursday 8 March 2007

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what estimate he has made of how many families living in (a) England, (b) Wales and (c) Scotland receive more than half of their gross income in cash benefits and tax credits. (102165)

The information is in the following table.

Family type

Country

All

Pensioner couple

England

1.4

Wales

0.1

Scotland

0.1

Northern Ireland

-

UK

1.7

Couple with children

England

0.5

Wales

*

Scotland

*

Northern Ireland

*

UK

0.6

Couple without children

England

0.4

Wales

*

Scotland

*

Northern Ireland

*

UK

0.5

Lone parent

England

0.9

Wales

*

Scotland

0.1

Northern Ireland

-

UK

1.1

Notes:

1. Income from benefits or tax credits: Income from any Social Security Benefit; i.e. income-related benefit and non-income related benefit and for this analysis also includes tax credits. See notes below for further definition of income- and non-income related benefits

2. The only way we can measure family income is by using the Benefit Unit definition of family. This is equivalent to a family unit but is not the same as a household. A household can contain one or more benefit units.

3. The estimates are based on sample counts that have been adjusted for non-response using multi-purpose grossing factors that control for tenure type, Council Tax Band and a number of demographic variables. Estimates are subject to sampling error and remaining response bias.

4. Benefit receipt is based on self-assessment and therefore may be subject to mis-reporting.

5. Percentage is rounded to the nearest percent

6. Income related benefits:

Social Security benefits included in this category are:

Back to Work Bonus

Extended Payment of Council Tax Benefit

Extended Payment of Housing Benefit

Income Support

Pension Credit

Housing Benefit

Council Tax Benefit

Rates Rebate

Disability Working Allowance

Social Fund Grant for Funeral Expenses

Social Fund Grant for Maternity Expenses

Jobseeker’s Allowance (Income based)

Community Care Grants

Return to Work Credit

Child Maintenance Bonus

7. Non-income related benefits/Non-income related state support:

Social Security benefits included in this category are:

Statutory Sick Pay

Statutory Maternity Pay

Statutory Paternity Pay

Statutory Adoption Pay

Disability Living Allowance

Child Benefit

Retirement Pension

Widowed Mother’s Allowance/Widowed Parents Allowance

Widow’s Payment/Bereavement Payment

Widow’s Pension/Bereavement Allowance

War Disablement Pension

War Widow’s Pension

Severe Disablement Allowance

Attendance Allowance

8. The estimates are based on sample counts that have been adjusted for non-response using multi-purpose grossing factors which align the FRS to Government Office Region populations by age and sex. Estimates are subject to sampling error and remaining response bias. Sample sizes are provided to help readers judge the robustness of the information.

9. Data are not provided for certain cells in the table because the sample sizes are too small to support reliable estimates of the statistics in question. (Represented with an *)

10. Evidence suggests that some items of income may be under reported in the survey, particularly self-employment and investment income; and estimates of average income are vulnerable to variations in the number of very high income households responding in each region; these figures should therefore be treated with caution.

11. Benefit receipt is based on self-assessment and therefore may be subject to misreporting.

Source:

Family Resources Survey (UK), 2004-05

Figures have been rounded to nearest 100 thousand.