Parliament has charged the independent broadcasting regulator, Ofcom, with maintaining standards to protect children from harmful material. Ofcom’s Broadcasting Code includes specific requirements to protect people under 18. Within this framework, it is the broadcasters’ job to make judgments about what individual programmes should contain and when they are broadcast.
Ofcom also have a statutory duty to promote media literacy so people can access and critically assess a wide range of media. It also helps them understand and operate technology in a way which enables them to maximise the benefits, and minimise the potential harms of the electronic media.