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Renewable Energy

Volume 458: debated on Wednesday 14 March 2007

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what (a) proportion and (b) wattage of total electricity production in the UK was produced from (i) hydropower, (ii) wind, (iii) biomass, (iv) solar and (v) geothermal in (A) 1996, (B) 2001 and (C) 2006; and what his estimate is of the likely production from each of those sources in 2011. (124639)

The latest available information is shown in the following table. Data for 2006 will not be available until the summer of 2007. There is no significant generation using geothermal sources. The contribution of the individual technologies to the projected total generation from renewables is for the market to determine.

1996200120052010 projection

GWh

Percentage

GWh

Percentage

GWh

Percentage

GWh

Percentage

Hydro1

3,392

1.0

4,056

1.1

4,961

1.2

Wind2

488

0.1

965

0.3

2,908

0.7

Solar photovoltaics

2

8

Biofuels3

1,805

0.5

4,526

1.2

9,042

2.3

Total generation from renewables

5,685

1.6

9,549

2.5

16,919

4.2

33,300

8.3

Total UK Electricity generation

350,867

100

384,786

100

400,525

100

400,000

100

1 Excludes electricity from pumped storage stations.

2 In 2005 includes electricity from shoreline wave but this amounts to less than 0.05 GWh.

3 Biofuel sources include landfill gas, sewage sludge digestion, the biodegradable part of municipal solid waste, biomass co-fired with fossil fuels, farm waste digestion, poultry litter combustion, meat and bone combustion, straw and energy crops.

Sources:

Digest of United Kingdom Energy Statistics 2006, Table 7.4, and Joint Energy Security of Supply Working Group (JESS) Seventh Report, December 2006