It is part of standard pre-employment checks at recruitment stage to ensure that staff applying to be employed within the Department for Constitutional Affairs and its agencies are eligible to work in the civil service and meet the civil service nationality rules. Individuals who require a work permit may be employed in the civil service, but only in exceptional circumstances. Under TUPE terms staff from the 42 former Magistrates Courts Committees, each of which has separate terms and conditions, are exempt from civil service nationality rules. Information on how many work permits have been applied for in each of the last five years is not held centrally. To calculate the precise number of work permits applied for would incur disproportionate cost to the Department and its agencies.