The Department publishes annual statistics on the participation in education and training by 16 and 17-year-olds in each local area in England. The latest publication can be viewed here: http://www.dfes.gov.uk/rsgateway/DB/SFR/s000645/index.shtml. It refers to those of academic age 16 resident in the local authority at the end of 2004. This publication is the source of the figures used to answer this question.
(a) There is no information on the study aim of 16-year-olds at the local level. The column (a) in the attached table gives the proportion of 16-year-olds in each local authority who were in full-time education at school (maintained or independent). Not all of these will have been studying A levels, some will have been studying other vocational qualifications or qualifications below A level.
(b) Column (b) in the attached table gives the proportion of 16-year-olds in each local authority studying in full-time education in a further education college including sixth form colleges.
(c) Column (c) in the attached table gives the proportion of 16-year-olds in each local authority participating in government supported work-based learning. There is no information at a local level of those participating in other non-government funded vocational training.
(d) There are very few 16-year-olds in higher education (less than 1 per cent. of the population). They are not available on a consistent basis at a local level as information is only available on the location of the institute rather than where the young person resides. Information on 16-year-olds in higher education at a local level is therefore not available.
To complete the table there is a final column of other 16-year-olds participating in part-time education to give a total participating in education and work-based learning.