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Social Security Benefits

Volume 459: debated on Monday 30 April 2007

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what the name of each benefit administered by his Department was in each year since 1996-97; what the level of each benefit was in each year; what the total amount paid in each benefit was in each year; what proportion of the total paid in each year was means-tested; and what the cost of administering each payment was in each year. (132839)

The name of each benefit administered by the Department, and the total amount paid in each benefit in each year, since 1996-97, can be found in benefit expenditure tables on the Department for Work and Pensions website at the following address:

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd4/medium_term.asp.

The benefit names are listed in column A of table 3. Annual amounts paid in each benefit are listed from 1996-97 (column H) to 2007-08 (column S). All figures are outturn, apart from 2006-07, which are estimated outturn, and 2007-08, which are planned expenditure. The figures in table 3 are in cash terms and are rounded to the nearest million pounds. Expenditure at 2007-08 prices can be found in table 4, which is laid out exactly the same as table 3.

There are notes attached to each internet table, but the following particular points should be noted:

1. Responsibility for child benefit, guardians allowance and child's special allowance transferred to Inland Revenue, now HM Revenue and Customs, in April 2003.

2. Responsibility for war pensions transferred to the Veterans Agency in 2002-03.

The amount paid for each benefit in each year, in other words weekly benefit rates, are published each year in Statutory Instruments, as Social Security Benefits Up-rating Orders, which will be in the House of Commons Library and can be found on the Office for Public Sector Information website at the following addresses:

1996: SI 559 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si1996/Uksi_19960599_en_l.htm

1997: SI 543 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si1997/19970543.htm

1998: SI 470 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si1998/19980470.htm

1999: SI 341 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si1999/19990341.htm

2000: SI 440 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2000/20000440.htm

2001: SI 207 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2001/20010207.htm

2002: SI 668 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2002/20020668.htm

2003: SI 526 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2003/20030526.htm

2004: SI 552 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2004/20040552.htm

2005: SI 522 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2005/20050522.htm

2006: SI 645 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2006/20060645.htm

2007: SI 688 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2007/20070688.htm

Some other useful information about weekly benefit rates can be found on pages 50 to 74 of the 2005 edition of the Abstract of Statistics for Benefits, National Insurance Contributions, and Indices of Prices and Earnings, and on pages 101 to 191 of the 2004 edition of Work and Pensions Statistics (now discontinued) which can be located at the following internet addresses:

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd1/abstract/Abstract2005.pdf

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd1/workandpens/2004/lndividual_Benefit_Statistics.pdf

The proportion of the total paid in each year that was means-tested is shown in the following table:

Means tested proportion of total benefit paid in each year (percentage)

1996-97

35.2

1997-98

33.9

1998-99

32.7

1999-2000

31.0

2000-01

29.3

2001-02

29.0

2002-03

29.3

2003-04

31.5

2004-05

31.5

2005-06

30.8

2006-07

31.1

2007-08

30.7

These percentages have been calculated using information in benefit expenditure table 3.

Full information about the cost of administering each payment in each year is not available.

From 1999-2000 the cost of administration is accounted for separately within the departmental expenditure limit (DEL) and the information requested on administration costs at benefit level is not available.

Information on administrative costs prior to the creation of DWP in 2001 is not comparable with administrative costs now due to considerable organisational change.

The available information, which is at benefit level, is in the following tables:

£ million

Cash (i)

1996-97

1997-98

1998-99

Contributory benefits (paid from the National Insurance Fund)

Retirement Pension

303

312

314

Widow's benefits

15

12

8

Unemployment Benefit (ii)

95

Incapacity Benefit

365

294

375

Jobseeker's Allowance (contribution based)

57

63

51

Non-contributory benefits (paid from voted money)

War Pensions

42

39

32

Attendance Allowance

82

76

75

Disability Living Allowance

147

164

119

Severe Disablement Allowance

36

42

43

Income Support

717

581

excluding the unemployed—12 months

877

unemployed only—6 months

209

Jobseeker's Allowance (income based)

315

452

330

Child Benefit and One Parent Benefit

133

133

125

Family Credit

66

59

72

Social Fund

180

161

215

Invalid Care Allowance

30

27

34

Housing Benefit (iii)

312

328

350

Council Tax Benefit (iii)

182

180

175

£ million

2007-08 prices (i)

1996-97

1997-98

1998-99

Contributory benefits (paid from the National Insurance Fund)

Retirement Pension

396

396

389

Widow's benefits

20

15

10

Unemployment Benefit (ii)

124

Incapacity Benefit

477

373

464

Jobseeker's Allowance (contribution based)

74

80

63

Non-contributory benefits (paid from voted money)

War Pensions

55

50

40

Attendance Allowance

107

97

93

Disability Living Allowance

192

208

147

Severe Disablement Allowance

47

53

53

Income Support

911

720

excluding the unemployed—12 months

1,146

unemployed only—6 months

273

Jobseeker's Allowance (income based)

412

574

409

Child Benefit and One Parent Benefit

174

169

155

Family Credit

86

75

89

Social Fund

235

204

266

Invalid Care Allowance

39

34

42

Housing Benefit (iii)

408

417

433

Council Tax Benefit (iii)

238

229

217

Notes:

1. Costs shown represent the total estimated costs to Government, Department of Social Security and other Departments of administering Social Security benefits.

2. Includes the cost of administering national insurance credits for clients who do not receive any social security benefit.

3. Costs quoted are local authority costs. Central Government costs are allocated to income support.

4. Figures have been rounded to the nearest million pounds.

5. The information has been taken from the 1998, 1999 and 2000 Department for Social Security departmental reports. The information requested is only available to 1998-99.

6. Figures have been converted to 2007-08 prices using GDP deflators issued by HM Treasury following the Budget report 2007.