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Poverty

Volume 461: debated on Monday 4 June 2007

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions how many and what proportion of (a) children and (b) pensioners in (i) Hartlepool constituency, (ii) Tees Valley sub-region, (iii) the North East region and (iv) the UK were recorded as living in poverty in each year since 1992. (130892)

Specific information regarding low income is available in “Households Below Average Income 1994-95 to 2005-06 (revised)”. The threshold of below 60 per cent. contemporary median income is the most commonly used in reporting trends in low income.

The data source does not allow us to provide robust estimates below the level of Government Office Region.

The numbers and proportions of children and percentages in households with low incomes, in the North East and Great Britain/United Kingdom for the period 1994-95 to 2005-06, are presented in the following tables 1 to 4 . Estimates are shown Before and After Housing Costs.

The data shown here are for Great Britain from 1994-95 to 1996-97 and for the United Kingdom from 1998-99 onwards.

Please note that the results are based on OECD equivalisation factors, and therefore may differ from previously published statistics which were based on McClements equivalisation factors.

Table 1: Children in the North East1994-95 to 2005-06

Before housing costs

After housing costs

Number of children living in low income households (millions):

1994-95 to 1996-97

0.19

0.22

1995-96 to 1997-98

0.20

0.22

1996-97 to 1998-99

0.20

0.23

1997-98 to 1999-2000

0.20

0.23

1998-99 to 2000-01

0.19

0.22

1999-2000 to 2001-02

0.17

0.20

2000-01 to 2002-03

0.18

0.20

2001-02 to 2003-04

0.17

0.18

2002-03 to 2004-05

0.17

0.19

2003-04 to 2005-06

0.15

0.17

Percentage of children living in low income households:

1994-95 to 1996-97

32

37

1995-96 to 1997-98

33

38

1996-97 to 1998-99

35

40

1997-98 to 1999-2000

34

40

1998-99 to 2000-01

34

39

1999-2000 to 2001-02

30

35

2000-01 to 2002-03

32

36

2001-02 to 2003-04

30

33

2002-03 to 2004-05

31

34

2003-04 to 2005-06

28

32

Notes:

1. Numbers, for the North East region, are presented using a three-year moving average, as single-year estimates do not provide a robust guide to year-on-year changes. Hence, figures are not consistent with any previously published single-year estimates and there may be differences in changes over time. In circumstances such as a change in trend, moving averages will show less variation than single-year estimates.

2. The table shows number of children in millions—rounded to the nearest 10 thousand.

3. In this answer low income is determined for children as living in households with incomes below 60 per cent. of the national median.

Source:

Family Resources Survey

Table 2: Children in Great Britain/United Kingdom 1994-95 to 2005-06

Before housing costs

After housing costs

Number of children living in low income household (millions):

1994-95

3.2

4.1

1995-96

3.0

4.2

1996-97

3.4

4.3

1997-98

3.4

4.2

1998-99

3.4

4.4

1999-2000

3.4

4.3

2000-01

3.1

4.1

2001-02

3.0

4.0

2002-03

2.9

3.9

2003-04

2.9

3.7

2004-05

2.7

3.6

2005-06

2.8

3.8

Percentage of children living in low income households:

1994-95

25

33

1995-96

24

33

1996-97

27

34

1997-98

27

33

1998-99

26

34

1999-2000

26

33

2000-01

23

31

2001-02

23

31

2002-03

23

30

2003-04

22

29

2004-05

21

28

2005-06

22

30

Notes:

1. The table shows number of children in millions.

2. In this answer low income is determined for children as living in households with incomes below 60 per cent. of the national median.

3. Figures from 1998-99 onwards are for the United Kingdom, figures prior to 1998-99 are for Great Britain.

Source:

Family Resources Survey

Table 3: Pensioners in the North East 1994-95 to 2005-06

Before housing costs

After housing costs

Number of pensioners living in low income households (millions):

1994-95 to 1996-97

0.12

0.15

1995-96 to 1997-98

0.12

0.15

1996-97 to 1998-99

0.12

0.15

1997-98 to 1999-2000

0.13

0.15

1998-99 to 2000-01

0.14

0.14

1999-2000 to 2001-02

0.13

0.13

2000-01 to 2002-03

0.12

0.13

2001-02 to 2003-04

0.11

0.11

2002-03 to 2004-05

0.10

0.09

2003-04 to 2005-06

0.09

0.08

Percentage of pensioners living in low income households:

1994-95 to 1996-97

26

33

1995-96 to 1997-98

26

33

1996-97 to 1998-99

26

32

1997-98 to 1999-2000

28

31

1998-99 to 2000-01

30

31

1999-2000 to 2001-02

28

28

2000-01 to 2002-03

26

27

2001-02 to 2003-04

23

23

2002-03 to 2004-05

22

20

2003-04 to 2005-06

20

17

Notes:

1. Numbers, for the North East region, are presented using a three-year moving average, as single-year estimates do not provide a robust guide to year-on-year changes. Hence, figures are not consistent with any previously published single-year estimates and there may be differences in changes over time. In circumstances such as a change in trend, moving averages will show less variation than single-year estimates.

2. The table shows number of pensioners in millions—rounded to the nearest 10 thousand.

3. In this answer low income is determined for pensioners as living in households with incomes below 60 per cent. of the national median.

Source:

Family Resources Survey

Table 4: Pensioners in Great Britain/United Kingdom1994-95 to 2005-06

Before housing costs

After housing costs

Number of pensioners living in low income households (millions):

1994-95

2.4

2.8

1995-96

2.4

2.8

1996-97

2.4

2.9

1997-98

2.5

2.9

1998-99

2.8

2.9

1999-2000

2.6

2.8

2000-01

2.6

2.7

2001-02

2.6

2.7

2002-03

2.5

2.5

2003-04

2.4

2.2

2004-05

2.3

1.9

2005-06

2.2

1.8

Percentage of pensioners living in low income households:

1994-95

24

28

1995-96

24

28

1996-97

25

29

1997-98

25

29

1998-99

27

29

1999-2000

25

28

2000-01

25

26

2001-02

25

26

2002-03

24

24

2003-04

23

21

2004-05

21

18

2005-06

21

17

Notes:

1. The table shows number of pensioners in millions.

2. In this answer low income is determined for pensioners as living in households with incomes below 60 per cent. of the national median.

3. Figures from 1998-99 onwards are for the United Kingdom, figures prior to 1998-99 are for Great Britain.

Source:

Family Resources Survey