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Asylum: Deportation

Volume 461: debated on Thursday 21 June 2007

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department with how many people against whom removal proceedings had commenced the Immigration and Nationality Directorate lost contact in each month of the last two years; and what percentage this represents of the total number of people against whom removal proceedings were commenced in each month. (123572)

The information requested could be obtained only by the detailed examination of individual records at disproportionate cost.

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) which countries received returning failed asylum applicants under the UK enforced returns programme in each year since 2004; how many enforced returnees were sent back to each of those countries in each year; and what packages of assistance were provided in each case; (131570)

(2) which countries have received returning failed asylum applicants under the UK voluntary returns programme since 2004; how many voluntary returnees have been sent back to each; and what packages of assistance were provided by each.

The first of the accompanying tables shows the number of asylum applicants, including dependants, who were recorded as being “forcibly” removed from the UK since 2004, broken down by destination. These figures include enforced removals, persons departing ‘voluntarily’ after enforcement action had been initiated against them and since 2005 those who it is established have left the UK without informing the immigration authorities.

The second of the accompanying tables shows the number of asylum applicants, including dependants, leaving the UK under Assisted Voluntary Return Programmes run by the International Organisation for Migration since 2004, broken down by destination. These figures may include some cases where enforcement action had been initiated.

It is not possible to say at what stage in the asylum process people are at the time of their removal, as those departing voluntarily can do so at any stage.

Information relating to the reintegration assistance package provided in each case is not available; it would be available by examination of individual records only at disproportionate cost.

Published statistics on immigration and asylum are available on the Home Office’s Research, Development and Statistics website at:

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/immigration1.html.

Removals and voluntary departures, excluding assisted returns1,2,3 of asylum applicants4,including dependants, by destination5, 2004-066

Destination

2004

20056

20066

2004-06 total6

Albania

565

490

1,015

2,070

Macedonia

20

30

15

65

Moldova

65

55

40

160

Romania

880

665

375

1,920

Russia

40

45

50

135

Serbia and Montenegro

1,625

1,315

730

3,675

Turkey

255

790

1,610

2,655

Ukraine

150

100

75

325

EU Accession States

135

170

305

Other Former USSR

135

135

135

410

Europe other

2,300

2,185

2,005

6,490

Europe total

6,040

5,945

6,220

18,210

Colombia

185

210

145

540

Ecuador

185

155

65

410

Jamaica

465

395

395

1,255

Americas other

170

165

145

480

Americas total

1,005

925

755

2,680

Algeria

155

205

190

550

Angola

80

125

25

230

Burundi

*

15

5

15

Cameroon

55

25

25

105

Congo

30

50

45

125

Dem. Rep. Congo

15

40

90

145

Eritrea

5

*

*

10

Ethiopia

845

25

50

920

Gambia

45

35

65

145

Ghana

245

240

155

635

Ivory Coast

50

10

25

85

Kenya

110

50

100

260

Liberia

45

20

10

75

Nigeria

265

560

640

1,470

Rwanda

35

5

5

45

Sierra Leone

40

60

70

170

Somalia

15

5

10

30

Sudan

25

35

30

95

Tanzania

20

45

50

110

Uganda

210

235

190

635

Zimbabwe

50

180

50

280

Africa other

245

340

210

795

Africa total

2,585

2,300

2,035

6,920

Iran

75

170

170

410

Iraq

5

45

65

120

Libya

20

40

30

90

Syria

30

25

45

95

Middle East other

115

205

260

580

Middle East total

245

480

570

1,295

Afghanistan

345

485

450

1,280

Bangladesh

375

255

230

865

China

90

215

160

465

India

260

340

485

1,085

Pakistan

505

825

1,000

2,330

Sri Lanka

260

160

410

830

Vietnam

10

45

100

155

Asia other

275

310

405

990

Asia total

2,115

2,635

3,245

7,990

Other, and destination not known

220

165

75

460

Total asylum applicants removed4

12,210

12,450

12,900

37,560

1 Includes enforced removals and those departing ‘Voluntarily’ after enforcement action had been initiated against them.

2 Removals in 2005 and 2006 include those who it is established have left the UK without informing the immigration authorities.

3 Excludes Assisted Voluntary Returns.

4 Persons who had sought asylum at some stage, including dependants.

5 Figures rounded to the nearest five, with ‘—’ = 0, * = 1 or 2.

6 Provisional figures.

Asylum applicants1, including dependants, leaving under Assisted Voluntary Return Programmes2, by destination3, 2004-064

Destination

2004

20054

20064

2004-06 total4

Albania

600

510

330

1,440

Macedonia

5

5

10

20

Moldova

10

5

10

30

Romania

5

5

5

20

Russia

20

35

60

120

Serbia and Montenegro

145

170

125

440

Turkey

25

30

85

140

Ukraine

15

20

30

60

EU Accession States

155

5

160

Other Former USSR

25

45

85

155

Europe other

35

25

30

90

Europe total

1,040

855

780

2,675

Colombia

60

55

60

175

Ecuador

40

15

35

90

Jamaica

5

10

35

50

Americas other

50

20

55

125

Americas total

160

100

185

440

Algeria

35

40

110

185

Angola

25

40

95

165

Burundi

*

*

5

10

Cameroon

10

10

20

35

Congo

5

10

25

40

Dem. Rep. Congo

*

5

25

30

Eritrea

Ethiopia

15

15

35

60

Gambia

*

*

5

10

Ghana

*

5

15

20

Ivory Coast

5

5

10

20

Kenya

15

5

35

55

Liberia

5

5

10

15

Nigeria

10

10

50

70

Rwanda

5

5

10

20

Sierra Leone

10

5

25

40

Somalia

15

15

35

65

Sudan

5

10

45

55

Tanzania

10

15

25

Uganda

20

30

45

95

Zimbabwe

60

100

220

385

Africa other

40

55

120

215

Africa total

295

375

945

1,610

Iran

175

220

305

700

Iraq

430

775

1,710

2,915

Libya

*

15

15

Syria

*

5

10

20

Middle East other

55

55

70

180

Middle East total

665

1,055

2,110

3,830

Afghanistan

235

425

520

1,180

Bangladesh

*

5

20

25

China

*

30

110

145

India

15

20

70

105

Pakistan

55

85

190

330

Sri Lanka

210

250

280

740

Vietnam

5

10

40

55

Asia other

20

25

65

110

Asia total

545

850

1,295

2,690

Other, and destination not known

5

*

20

20

Total asylum applicants removed1

2,705

3,235

5,330

11,270

1 Persons who had sought asylum at some stage, including dependants.

2 Persons leaving under Assisted Voluntary Return Programmes run by the International Organization for Migration. May include some cases where enforcement action had been initiated.

3 Figures rounded to the nearest five, with ‘—’ = 0, * = 1 or 2.

4 Provisional figures.