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Unemployment

Volume 462: debated on Wednesday 4 July 2007

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what his most recent estimate is of the number of 18 to 24-year-olds not in education, employment or training in (a) the UK, (b) Northamptonshire and (c) Kettering constituency. (146405)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Colin Mowl, dated 4 July 2007:

The National Statistician has been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question about young people not in employment, education or training. I am replying in her absence. (146405)

There were 992,000 people, aged 18 to 24, resident in the United Kingdom, who were not in full-time education, employment or training, based on data from the Annual Population Survey, for the 12 months ending in December 2006. This is 19 per cent of the 18 to 24 population. The corresponding estimates for the county of Northamptonshire are 12,000 and 21 per cent respectively. For the Kettering constituency, the corresponding estimates are 2,000 and 17 per cent respectively.

Estimates for a subset of the population in a small geographical area, are based on very small sample sizes, and are therefore subject to large margins of uncertainty. This is particularly true for the estimates for Northamptonshire and Kettering.

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many people in (a) England and (b) Milton Keynes were classed as unemployed in each year between 1997 and 2007. (146671)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Colin Mowl, dated 4 July 2007:

The National Statistician has been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question asking how many people in (a) England and (b) Milton Keynes have been classed as unemployed in each year between 1997 and 2007. I am replying in her absence. (146671)

For unitary and local authorities, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) produces estimates of total unemployment, following International Labour Organisation (ILO) definitions, from a statistical model. Annual estimates for other areas are compiled from the annual local area Labour Force Survey (LFS) and the Annual Population Survey (APS) following ILO definitions.

Table 1, attached, shows the number of persons aged 16 and over, resident in England, who were unemployed and the corresponding unemployment rate, for the 12 months ending in February 1997 to February 2004 from the annual local area LFS, and for the 12 months ending in March 2005 to March 2006 from the APS. Table 1 also shows corresponding model-based estimates for the Milton Keynes unitary authority.

The LFS and APS data and the model-based estimates are all subject to a margin of uncertainty.

ONS also compiles statistics for local areas of people claiming Jobseeker’s Allowance (ISA). Table 2, attached, shows the annual average number of people, resident in England and the Milton Keynes unitary authority, claiming ISA from 1997 to 2006. Also shown are the total numbers of claimants as percentages of the resident working age population.

Table 1: unemployed persons, aged 16 and over, resident in England and Milton Keynes

Thousand

England

Milton Keynes

12 months ending:

Level1

Rate1,2 (percentage)

Level3

Rate2,3 (percentage)

February 1997

1,820

7.7

5

5.0

February 1998

1,566

6.6

6

5.9

February 1999

1,399

5.9

5

5.2

February 2000

1,373

5.7

4

3.9

February 2001

1,228

5.1

4

3.3

February 2002

1,167

4.8

4

3.5

February 2003

1,218

5.0

6

4.8

February 2004

1,188

4.8

6

4.8

March 2005

1,146

4.6

5

4.4

March 2006

1,238

5.0

6

4.8

1 Annual local area Labour Force Survey and Annual Population Survey data subject to a margin of uncertainty associated with sampling variability.

2 Unemployed as a percentage of the economically active population.

3 Model-based estimates subject to a margin of uncertainty associated with the statistical model. Changes in the estimates over time should be treated with particular caution.

Source:

Annual local area Labour Force Survey; Annual Population Survey; ONS

Table 2: annual average number of claimants of jobseeker’s allowance resident in England and Milton Keynes and the number expressed as a percentage of the working age population

England

Milton Keynes

Number

Proportion1 (percentage)

Number

Proportion1 (percentage)

1997

1,299,117

4.4

3,610

2.8

1998

1,093,570

3.7

2,591

2.0

1999

1,013,507

3.4

2,358

1.8

2000

882,827

2.9

2,085

1.5

2001

783,582

2.6

1,976

1.4

2002

770,102

2.5

2,337

1.7

2003

763,771

2.5

2,678

1.9

2004

699,669

2.3

2,590

1.8

2005

715,546

2.3

2,683

1.9

2006

794,356

2.5

3,193

2.2

1 Number of claimants expressed as a percentage of the resident working-age population.

Source:

Jobcentre Plus administrative data

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many (a) 16, (b) 17, (c) 18, (d) 19, (e) 20 (f) 21, (g) 22, (h) 23 and (i) 24 year olds were (i) economically inactive and not in full-time education and (ii) unemployed in each year since 1997, broken down by (A) parliamentary constituency, (B) local education authority area and (C) region. (147035)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Colin Mowl, dated 4 July 2007:

The National Statistician has been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question asking how many (a) 16, (b) 17, (c) 18, (d) 19, (e) 20, (f) 21, (g) 22, (h) 23 and (i) 24 year olds were (i) economically inactive and not in full-time education and (ii) unemployed in each year since 1997, broken down by (A) parliamentary constituency, (b) local education authority area and (C) region. I am replying in her absence. (147035)

Information in the form requested is not readily available and could only be obtained at disproportionate cost. To provide an answer requires retrieving 18 separate estimates from complex datasets for each parliamentary constituency, each local education authority area and each region for 10 separate years. This data, amounting to 150,000 separate estimates in total, would then need to be presented in tables and be quality assured.