DFID has committed to spend at least £150 million over the three years from 2005-08 on programmes to meet the needs of children affected by AIDS. When the commitment was made in 2004 it was expected that at least £44 million of this would be delivered through UNICEF. The methodology to track this expenditure is under review.
In 2006 the UK was the second largest donor to UNICEF, providing £105 million. This included £19 million of core financial support and £5 million to increase the coverage, quality and coordination of the global response for children affected by HIV and AIDS. Both of these elements contribute directly to supporting UNICEF's strategic goals, which include reducing the number of paediatric HIV infections by at least 40 per cent. and ensuring that at least 80 per cent. of HIV positive pregnant women receive antiretroviral therapy to prevent mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV.
DFID is also intensifying action on PMTCT at country level with a range of partners, including UNICEF. For example in Zimbabwe DFID has initiated a £25 million project specifically to strengthen actions to prevent, diagnose and treat HIV infections in mothers and babies. In Zambia, we support UNICEF's expansion of PMTCT services.