The Government introduced the national literacy strategy in 1998 and the national numeracy strategy in 1999. Both applied to primary schools. The key stage 3 strategy, which covered English, maths, science and ICT, was introduced in phases from 2001. Each of the strategies has been continually updated to reflect best practice through the addition of further support and materials.
In 2006, the primary framework for literacy and mathematics—the core document of the PNS—was revised to raise expectations of progress and implement the recommendations of the Rose review. This was the first time the framework had been updated since the introduction of the national literacy strategy and national numeracy strategy.