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Carbon Emissions

Volume 463: debated on Tuesday 17 July 2007

To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what the level of (a) carbon dioxide emissions and (b) greenhouse gas equivalent emissions was in the UK in each year since 1990; what the percentage change was in each year; and what the comparable figures and percentages were for (i) the EU, (ii) the US, (iii) China, (iv) Russia, (v) countries in sub-Saharan Africa and (vi) other developing countries. (149810)

For information relating to UK and EU emissions, I refer my right hon. Friend to the answer provided by my predecessor on 8 March 2007, Official Report, column 2184W.

Table 1 contains UK CO2 and greenhouse gas emissions, and percentage changes, for each year between 1990 and 2005, the latest year for which data are available. Table 2 contains comparable figures for the EU-15, who have a collective target of -8 per cent. under the Kyoto protocol.

DEFRA does not hold the information requested for the US, China, Russia, sub-Saharan Africa and other developing countries. Emissions estimates are submitted under the United Nations framework convention on climate change, which is the parent treaty for the Kyoto protocol and Montreal decisions. The United States and Russia are both Annex I parties, and are therefore required to submit annual estimates of emissions to the Convention. China, and all African countries, are non-Annex I parties to the convention, and are therefore not required to submit annual emissions estimates. All emissions data submitted to the convention are available on the UNFCCC website.

Table 1: CO2 and GHG emissions from the UK

GHG emissions (with LULUCF)

Percentage change on previous year

Percentage change on 1990

Net CO2 emissions including land use, land use change and forestry

Percentage change on previous year

Percentage change on 1990

1990

773.0

592.1

1991

779.2

0.8

0.8

598.9

1.1

1.1

1992

754.4

-3.2

-2.4

581.9

-2.8

-1.7

1993

732.6

-2.9

-5.2

567.0

-2.6

-4.2

1994

720.0

-1.7

-6.9

559.2

-1.4

-5.6

1995

709.7

-1.4

-8.2

549.6

-1.7

-7.2

1996

730.7

3.0

-5.5

571.3

3.9

-3.5

1997

706.6

-3.3

-8.6

548.4

-4.0

-7.4

1998

701.6

-0.7

-9.2

550.1

0.3

-7.1

1999

670.4

-4.4

-13.3

540.8

-1.7

-8.7

2000

672.0

0.2

-13.1

548.8

1.5

-7.3

2001

674.9

0.4

-12.7

559.6

2.0

-5.5

2002

654.3

-3.1

-15.4.

543.2

-2.9

-8.3

2003

660.0

0.9

-14.6

555.1

2.2

-6.2

2004

657.0

-0.5

-15.0

554.6

-0.1

-6.3

2005

653.8

-0.5

-15.4

554.2

-0.1

-6.4

Table 2: CO2 and GHG emissions from the EU-15

GHG emissions (with LULUCF)

Percentage change on previous year

Percentage change on 1990

Net CO2 emissions including land use, land use change and forestry

Percentage change on previous year

Percentage change on 1990

1990

4,040

3,135

1991

3,995

-1.1

-1.1

3,101

-1.1

-1.1

1992

3,921

-1.9

-2.9

3,041

-1.9

-3.0

1993

3,847

-1.9

-4.8

2,983

-1.9

-4.8

1994

3,826

-0.5

-5.3

2,963

-0.7

-5.5

1995

3,863

1.0

-4.4

2,993

1.0

-4.5

1996

3,930

1.7

-2.7

3,054

2.0

-2.6

1997

3,871

-1.5

-4.2

3,004

-1.6

-4.2

1998

3,898

0.7

-3.5

3,061

1.9

-2.4

1999

3,825

-1.9

-5.3

3,026

-1.1

-3.5

2000

3,846

0.5

^-4.8

3,062

1.2

-2.3

2001

3,867

0.5

-4.3

3,105

1.4

-1.0

2002

3,829

-1.0

-5.2

3,084

-0.7

-1.6

2003

3,909

2.1

-3.2

3,175

3.0

1.3

2004

3,926

0.4

-2.8

3,203

0.9

2.2

2005

3,877

-1.2

-4.0

3,164

-1.2

0.9