(2) what the effective rate of tax is for player-to-player poker played in a casino;
(3) how much VAT was paid by licensed bingo clubs in each of the last five years for which figures are available;
(4) how much VAT was paid by casinos in each of the last five years for which figures are available.
Total VAT receipts are published in the Financial Statement and Budget Report 2007. It is not possible to give the breakdown requested. Player-to-player poker played in a casino is subject to VAT at the standard rate of 17.5 per cent. Duty is levied at 15 per cent. on gross profits from bingo and participation fees for mainstage bingo are subject to VAT at the standard rate. The casino and bingo industries are also subject to the usual taxes imposed on business.