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Roads: Safety

Volume 464: debated on Wednesday 10 October 2007

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what STATS19 returns are; and how they are used to generate road accident casualty figures. (155924)

The national collision statistical reporting form (commonly known as STATS19) is used to collect standard information, when a personal injury road accident is reported to the police. The information is collected by the police at the scene of the accident or in a minority of cases it is reported on by a member of the public at a police station. Some 50 data items are collected for each accident, including the time, location and circumstances of the accident, the vehicles involved and some information on each casualty. After processing this information is then forwarded by each police force (via local processing authorities in the case of some forces) to the Department electronically and entered into a database. The data are checked, analysed and detailed results published annually in “Road Casualties Great Britain”. In addition quarterly estimates of casualties are published, based on provisional data returns.

The current data collection system was set up in 1979 following a wide ranging review. The statistics are used to inform public debate on matters of road safety and to provide the basis for determining and monitoring road safety policy at the local and national level. National and local government and local police forces work closely to achieve an agreed national reporting standard. The form is subject to quinquennial reviews which consider any amendments that may be required. Changes are agreed by the Steering Committee on Road Accidents Statistics (SCRAS) which was set up in 1977 to oversee the process for road accident data collection. The membership of the committee is drawn from a wide range of bodies and includes representatives of central government, local government and the police.

A copy of the current form used by the police (introduced January 2005) can be found on page 173 in “Road Casualties Great Britain: 2006 annual report”, published on 27 September 2007. Copies of this report have been deposited in the Libraries of the House.