(a) No research has been undertaken in-house.
(b) DEFRA commissioned the following research:
The 2007 Survey of Public Attitudes and Behaviours toward the Environment, undertaken by the British Market Research Bureau, which included a section on “attitudes to recycling” and sought views on whether individuals would “favour a system that rewarded them if they recycled everything they could and penalised them if they didn’t”. Fifty-two per cent. of residents were in favour of this statement, with 24 per cent. disagreeing or strongly disagreeing.
In addition, Eunomia Research and Consulting Ltd produced a report for DEFRA on the project ‘Modelling the Impact of Household Charging for Waste in England.’