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Crimes of Violence: Young People

Volume 465: debated on Tuesday 23 October 2007

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice how many (a) males and (b) females aged (i) 11 to 13 years, (ii) 14 to 16 years and (iii) under 18 years were arrested for violence against another person aged under 18 years in each of the last two years for which information is available; and how many persons in each age group received (A) a caution, (B) detention in a young offender institution and (C) an acquittal in each of those two years. (159651)

The arrests collection held by my Department provides data only on persons arrested for recorded crime (notifiable offences) by age group, sex, ethnicity and main offence group. Aggregated data, collected centrally from the 43 police force areas in England and Wales, do not record the age details of the victim of a crime for which an offender is arrested. The available information is given in table A.

Detention in a young offenders institution is applicable only to persons aged 18 to 20. Detention and training orders are available as are sentences for detention of juveniles for murder and certain other serious crimes and detention for public protection/extended sentences. These are shown in table B for all indictable offences of violence against the person, by sex and the age groups requested, together with persons aged 10, and a total of all persons aged under 18.

The number of males and females aged 10, 11 to 13 years, 14 to 16 years and under 18 who have received a reprimand or final warning for violence against the person offences, in England and Wales, 2004 and 2005 is shown in the following table. The section of the Crime and Disorder Act that removed the use of cautions for persons under 18 and replaced them with reprimands and final warnings came into force nationally on 1 June 2000.

The number of males and females aged 10, 11 to 13 years, 14 to 16 years and under 18 whose charges were dismissed in the magistrates courts or who were acquitted in the crown courts for violence against the person offences in England and Wales in 2004 and 2005 is also shown in the table.

My Department is not able to determine the age of the victim; the data supplied are for victims of all ages.

Table A: The number of juveniles (aged 10 to 17) arrested for recorded crime (notifiable offences) within the offence group of violence against the person, by sex and period, England and Wales

Male

Female

Total

2003-04

48,500

15,100

63,600

2004-05

57,200

19,400

76,600

Note: Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used. Source: RDS-OCJR, Ministry of Justice.

Table B: Juveniles sentenced1 to immediate custody for offences of violence against the person, England and Wales, 2004 and 2005

Detention and training order

S90-92 PCC(S) Act 20002

Detention for public protection/extended sentence3

Total immediate custody

Age/age group

Sex

2004

2005

2004

2005

2004

2005

2004

2005

Age 10

Male

2

*

1

3

Female

1

*

1

Total

3

*

1

4

Age 11 to 13

Male

11

12

*

11

12

Female

3

6

*

3

6

Total

14

18

*

14

18

Age 14 to 16

Male

348

368

56

56

*

7

404

431

Female

59

59

6

9

*

3

65

71

Total

407

427

62

65

*

10

469

502

Age 17

Male

364

391

78

63

*

14

442

468

Female

32

36

2

6

*

3

34

45

Total

396

427

80

69

*

17

476

513

All juveniles

Male

723

771

134

121

*

22

857

914

Female

94

101

8

16

*

6

102

123

Total

817

872

142

137

*

28

959

1,037

1 Principal offence basis. 2 Detention of juveniles for murder and certain other serious crimes under the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000. 3 Under sections 226 and 228 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (came into force in April 2005). Note: These figures have been drawn from administrative data systems. Although care is taken when processing and analysing the returns, the detail collected is subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system. Source: RDS-NOMS.

Table C: Number of reprimands and final warnings issued to males and females aged 10 to 17 for violence against the person offences, and the number whose charge was dismissed at the magistrates court and acquitted at the Crown court in England and Wales, 2004 and 20051, 2, 3

2004

2005

Age and Sex

Reprimands and final warnings3

Charge dismissed

Acquitted

Reprimands and final warnings3

Charge dismissed

Acquitted

Male

10

162

0

1

210

1

0

11 to 13

2,336

37

8

2,961

23

6

14 to 16

5,782

269

98

6,785

302

88

17

1,590

163

109

1,773

187

98

Total under 18

9,870

469

216

11,729

513

192

Female

10

23

0

0

19

0

1

11 to 13

868

2

2

1,156

3

3

14 to 16

2,412

59

26

3,060

56

21

17

444

24

10

580

15

11

Total under 18

3,747

85

38

4,815

74

36

Male and Female

10

185

0

1

229

1

1

11 to 13

3,204

39

10

4,117

26

9

14 to 16

8,194

328

124

9,845

358

109

17

2,034

187

119

2,353

202

109

Total under 18

13,617

554

254

16,544

587

228

1 These data are on the principal offence basis. 2 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used. 3 The section of the Crime and Disorder Act that removed the use of cautions for persons under 18 and replaced them with reprimands and final warnings came into force nationally from 1 June 2000. The data provided in the above table are for reprimands and final warnings, as simple cautions can no longer be issued to people under 18. Source: RDS-OCJR, Ministry of Justice.