Written Answers to Questions
Wednesday 24 October 2007
Bus Services: Concessions
From April 2006, older and eligible disabled people have been guaranteed free off-peak local bus travel within their local authority area. The Government provided an extra £350 million in 2006-07 and a further £367.5 million in 2007-08, via the formula grant system, to fund the extra costs to local authorities.
The Government are providing local authorities in England an extra £212 million from April next year for the national bus concession. This extra funding is based on generous assumptions about the probable cost impact of the new concession, including visitor “hotspots”. We are confident this funding will be sufficient in aggregate.
The £212 million will be distributed by a non-ringfenced special grant via a formula. The Department has recently published a consultation paper on the formula basis for distribution of the special grant. It includes a number of different options for distributing the new funding, taking account of likely cost drivers including eligible residents and visitors. This new consultation supersedes the Department for Communities and Local Government's consultation on the formula grant options for concessionary fares. Local authorities have been asked to respond to the special grant consultation by 23 November.
In addition, we have announced that we will be providing local authorities with approximately £30 million for the issuing of the national pass.
There are no proposals to carry out such an assessment, as this section of the A1 is relatively flat and the Highways Agency is not aware of any particular problems caused by heavy goods vehicles using the outside lane on this stretch of the A1. However, the ongoing replacement of the existing roundabout at Gonerby Moor, with a split level junction, will remove an identified source of congestion on the A1. This work should be completed in late spring/early summer next year.
Lorry Drivers: Fines
Road Works: A1
The A1/B1174 Gonerby Moor junction improvement is being constructed at present. It is expected that the junction will be open for traffic in February 2008.
There will be minor works to complete after this date including planting. These will not delay the opening of the road.
The Department collects personal injury road accidents data only for Great Britain.
The information requested is available from table 34 of “Road Casualties Great Britain: 2006 annual report”. Copies of the report have been deposited in the Libraries of the House. This table can also be found on the Department’s website at the following web address:
The Department collects personal injury road accident data only for Great Britain. Information on the number of children injured within 300 m of their home is not available.
The number of children (aged 0-15 years) (a) killed or (b) seriously injured in reported personal injury road accidents on their way to or from school, by (i) foot, (ii) pedal cycle and (iii) in other vehicles for the past 10 years for Great Britain is given in the table.
Number of casualties Pedestrian Pedal cyclist Other vehicles Total Killed Serious Killed Serious Killed Serious Killed Serious 1997 22 934 3 99 0 101 25 1,134 1998 15 847 3 108 7 135 25 1,090 1999 16 765 3 113 3 108 22 986 2000 19 762 2 64 3 81 24 907 2001 16 722 0 53 5 60 21 835 2002 8 718 3 64 2 81 13 863 2003 11 521 1 44 1 41 13 606 2004 10 502 2 35 2 53 14 590 2005 6 448 1 51 4 45 11 544 2006 15 425 1 39 2 33 18 497
Number of casualties
House of Commons Commission
Anniversaries: Oliver Cromwell
I understand that no proposal has been made to the Administration Committee to commemorate the 350th anniversary of the death of Oliver Cromwell. The hon. Member may wish to contact the Cromwell Association which is planning events around this anniversary.
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund
DEFRA's Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund database contains details of amounts paid to each recipient from April 2004 onwards, but a breakdown of annual payments is not recorded centrally. I have arranged for a list of recipients of grant from the Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund, since April 2004, to be placed in the Library of the House.
Agriculture: South West Region
The South West Rural Enterprise Gateway has received DEFRA funding under the England Rural Development programme and Objective One of the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund (the latter specifically for its activities in Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly). This funding was to support the development of farm and rural businesses, including skills acquisition.
Future support in the region under the Rural Development programme for England will be delivered by the South West of England Regional Development Agency. The Agency is working with the Enterprise Gateway on plans to take forward its delivery responsibilities for the new programme, which will include support for farm diversification and other rural business development activities. The precise level of funding will be a matter for the South West of England Regional Development Agency.
For the 2005 Single Farm Payment scheme (SPS), there are 12 claims where processing is not complete. All of these claims are held up by legal issues such as probate.
For SPS 2006, there are 434 claims where processing is not yet complete. 223 of these claims have received partial payments and the Rural Payments Agency is continuing to process these claims to provide top up payments where applicable. The other 211 are claims for which a payment is yet to be made. Many of these are complex cases involving probate, business partnership changes and domestic issues. It is likely that on completion of processing, some of these claims will not be eligible for payment. Where it is confirmed that payments are due, these will be made as soon as possible.
The figures are as at 17 October 2007.
Recommendations in the Prime Minister's Strategy Unit report “Net Benefits” concerned with inshore fisheries in England, including recreational sea angling (RSA), were addressed in DEFRA's “Charting a New Course”. These publications are available in the Library of the House.
Progress to implement RSA recommendations has included:
i. A consultation on proposals to increase the minimum landing size for bass launched in November 2005. I will be making an announcement on this shortly;
ii. Establishment of a central focal point within DEFRA for RSA interests;
iii. Strengthened representation for anglers on Sea Fisheries Committees;
iv. Proposals in the Marine Bill White Paper for a more active approach to managing recreational fisheries; and
v. A draft RSA strategy, developed in collaboration with key stakeholders including recreational anglers, commercial fishermen and other interested parties. We will be consulting on this shortly.
There are two sets of measures currently in development which will have an impact on the regulation of performing animals.
Last year my hon. Friend, the then Minister for Animal Welfare (Mr. Bradshaw), announced that he was minded to introduce Regulations under the Animal Welfare Act 2006 to ban the use of certain non-domesticated species from travelling circuses, whose welfare needs cannot be met in that environment.
A Circus Working Group was formed to provide and consider evidence relating to the transportation and housing needs of these animals. The Group will shortly provide a report setting out the findings to my DEFRA ministerial colleagues and I. The report will help inform us how we take forward the introduction of regulations.
The Government are also committed to repealing the Performing Animals (Regulation) Act 1925 which is ineffectual in setting and maintaining standards in the wider performing animal industry. I want to see in its place an open and auditable regulatory system that clearly addresses issues such as training, trainer competences and the way that animals across the whole spectrum of performance are looked after. Discussions are taking place between industry and welfare groups to see how this can be achieved.
Animal Welfare: Zoos
[holding answer 23 October 2007]: My Department has no direct role in decisions regarding the shooting of escaped zoo animals.
Zoos are regulated by means of a licensing and inspection regime administered by local authorities. South Bedfordshire district council is responsible for licensing Whipsnade Zoo where this incident took place. I understand the council is investigating the incident and that a full inspection of the zoo will be carried out in due course.
I also understand that Whipsnade Zoo is carrying out its own investigation into why the chimpanzee escaped from its enclosure.
[holding answer 23 October 2007]: Section 1A(d) of the Zoo Licensing Act 1981 (as amended) requires zoos to prevent the escape of animals and to put in place measures to be taken in the event of an escape or unauthorised release of animals.
In addition, DEFRA's Secretary of State's Standards of Modern Zoo Practice (SSSMZP) provides guidance, to ensure public safety, on the procedures that should be established by the zoo relating to animal escapes.
Procedures relating to animal escapes should include the provision of firearms and darting equipment to tranquillise or kill escaped animals. The precise details of these are discussed and agreed by the zoo operator and the local police. The zoo is responsible for the selection of the appropriate firearm or darting equipment to deal with escaped animals.
Animals: Disease Control
(2) on how many occasions the Health and Safety Executive found the statutory requirements of the Institute for Animal Health at its (a) Compton and (b) Pirbright sites to have been breached in each of the last five years.
I have been asked to reply
In the last five years in relation to the IAH Compton site HSE Inspectors have issued the following improvement notices:
2003: for failure to control the risk to health from animal asthmagens;
2006: for failure to adequately control the exposure of employees and others to legionella bacteria;
2007: for lack of effective monitoring and review arrangements as part of an overall health and safety management system;
2007: for the use of an unauthorised biocidal product.
HSE Inspectors have issued no notices at the Pirbright site where HSE is not the lead regulator. However, HSE, in conjunction with DEFRA, suspended, from 24 September 2007, all activities that involve manipulation of genetically modified viruses that could pose a risk to the environment and which require class 3 and 4 approval as required under the Genetically Modified Organisms (Contained Use) Regulations 2000.
[holding answer 19 October 2007]: There is currently no suitable inactivated vaccine for bluetongue serotype 8 (BTV-8) available, as this serotype only emerged in Europe last year.
We are aware of a number of companies such as Merial, Intervet and Fort Dodge who are developing such a vaccine and we are in urgent discussions with all these companies to do what we can to encourage this work. DEFRA officials recently participated in a conference with those companies and other member states affected by BTV-8 to discuss the availability of vaccines and possible approaches to vaccination. We are also developing a plan with the farming industry as to how a vaccination campaign could work once a vaccine becomes available, and is licensed as safe and effective for use, which we understand should be next summer.
Carbon Emissions: Standards
Climate Change Levy
The National Audit Office report was prepared for the Environmental Audit Committee inquiry into the Climate Change Levy and Climate Change Agreements.
My Department has provided written evidence to the Committee and the Secretary of State will be giving oral evidence on 31 October. Once the Committee has completed its work and prepared its report, a formal Government response will be provided.
Departments: Cost Effectiveness
As part of the Comprehensive Spending Review DEFRA undertook zero based reviews of Animal Health and Welfare, Flood Risk Management and Natural Resources Protection. The evidence in these reviews informed ministerial decisions on departmental priorities for the CSR.
Like all Government Departments DEFRA will publish a VFM delivery agreement setting out our strategy for delivering savings identified in the CSR by the end of the year.
Departments: Parking Offences
From information held centrally, and for the period April 2006 to March 2007 inclusive, the number of fixed penalty notices incurred by the core-Department was 28. Information relating to DEFRA's Executive Agencies is not held centrally and could be obtained only at disproportionate cost. DEFRA's policy is that drivers are responsible personally for the payment of fixed penalty notice fines incurred by them while using a departmental vehicle.
Environment Protection: Nuclear Power
Foot and Mouth Disease: Compensation
Under the Animal Health Act 1981, compensation is paid for animals that are compulsorily culled to prevent the spread of certain diseases. For foot and mouth disease (FMD), the Act requires that compensation is paid at the full market value of the animal before it became infected. Compensation is also paid for other items, such as farm equipment and feed, where these are seized because they are considered to be contaminated; this includes such things as milk.
It is a long established principle that the Government does not meet the costs of consequential losses, which must be borne by the industry.
DEFRA is taking a risk-based and staged approach to easing movement restrictions when the evidence indicates that it is appropriate to do so. We have announced that we will lift all restrictions in most unaffected areas of the country on 17 October, subject to the disease situation. This is the best way to facilitate the return to normal working for the industry. We are working in partnership with the industry, but eradication of FMD remains our priority.
Foot and Mouth Disease: Disease Control
[holding answer 15 October 2007]: With the exception of the first infected premises (IP1) where provisional positive laboratory results were available, authorisation to cull the remaining premises was made under the slaughter on suspicion or dangerous contact policies. Some of the subsequent premises may have been subject to earlier surveillance visits and blood testing, but culling was initiated at all the remaining 16 premises prior to the final laboratory test results being received. Premises have only been confirmed as infected premises on the basis of positive laboratory results and none of the premises have been confirmed on clinical grounds alone.
[holding answer 15 October 2007]: Of the 17 premises culled for disease control purposes, with the exception of the first infected premises (IP1) where provisional positive laboratory result were available, 16 were culled on the basis of suspicious clinical signs under the slaughter on suspicion policy or after having been assessed as dangerous contacts. No definitive negative tests from contemporaneous samples were available at the time culling was authorised.
The framework of rules covering the movement of livestock in the event of an outbreak of foot and mouth disease (FMD) or bluetongue is set out in the European Union Directive 2003/85, the European Directive 2000/75 and the Commission Decision 2005/395 respectively.
DEFRA has been involved in recent negotiations surrounding the revision of movement restrictions for bluetongue outbreaks, in order to reflect the lessons learned during the recent outbreaks on the continent.
While the general principles of movement controls are applicable in each outbreak of a disease, movement conditions may differ depending on the nature of the outbreak and the assessed risk. In order to facilitate the return to normal working for the industry, we are taking a risk-based and staged approach to easing movement restrictions when the evidence indicates it is appropriate to do so.
During the current outbreaks of FMD and bluetongue, DEFRA and industry representatives have been meeting frequently to discuss movement control strategies.
Foot and Mouth Disease: Export Controls
[holding answer 19 October 2007]: The foot and mouth disease restrictions as a whole are estimated to have cost livestock producers about £100 million to early October 2007. Market impacts account for some three quarters of this, and the larger part of these market impacts are attributable to the export ban. The overall net cost to the British economy is likely to have been less.
Foot and Mouth Disease: Hunting
On 12 October, a general licence was issued which authorises the hunting of any drag or other trail within the foot and mouth disease surveillance and restricted zones in England. This licence was issued subject to the necessary conditions of biosecurity being satisfied by participants in such hunting activities.
Foot and Mouth Disease: Subsidies
(2) what discussions he plans to have with devolved administrations on developing packages of financial support to farmers following the recent foot and mouth outbreaks.
[holding answer 15 and 16 October 2007]: We are working closely with the devolved administrations during the current foot and mouth disease and bluetongue outbreaks to co-ordinate our response. DEFRA has had a range of discussions with both the Scottish Executive and the National Assembly for Wales, on the disease situation and control measures at both ministerial and official level.
Certain functions under the Animal Health Act 1981, including disease control functions were transferred to the National Assembly for Wales under the Transfer of Functions Order 2004 (SI 2004/3044). Similarly, certain functions on disease control relating to the Animal Health Act 1981 were transferred to the Scottish Executive under the Scotland Act.
However, DEFRA has agreed to make payments on behalf of the National Assembly for Wales and the Scottish Executive for animals killed and property seized due to foot and mouth disease. This does not however extend to specific Welsh or Scottish schemes to protect animal welfare or to support farmers during disease outbreaks. Such schemes remain the responsibility of the devolved administrations who have decided to introduce, their own during the current outbreak.
In my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State’s statement to the House on 8 October, he set out an aid package for the English livestock sector to assist those farmers most affected.
Foot and Mouth Disease: Transport
[holding answer 15 October 2007]: Movement of any susceptible animal from a premises in Great Britain is currently not permitted if any susceptible animal has been moved on to that premises in the 20 days before the date of the intended move unless a susceptible animal is moving direct to slaughter.
However, since 4 October, in the foot and mouth disease (FMD) low risk area and the bluetongue protection and control zones, breeding rams may be brought on to a premises that has an isolation unit with a current, valid approval under the Disease Control (England) Order 2003. This is an exception to the 20 day standstill required for farm to farm movements.
Since 9 October, pigs have also been able to move unlimited distances without a standstill between two premises approved under Article 14 of the Pigs Records, Identification and Movement Order 2007. There is no need for pre-movement veterinary inspection but this does require one working day’s notice to the local Animal Health office.
On 12 October, DEFRA announced the intention to lift the FMD Protection Zone in Surrey on Wednesday 17 October. DEFRA also announced the intention to lift all movement restrictions in England, outside of the FMD Risk Area, to coincide with this lifting of the Protection Zone. From this point forwards, there will be a reversion to the six day standstill rule.
These decisions have been taken following extensive surveillance in the area, and are in line with EU rules.
DEFRA’s Contaminated Land Capital Projects Programme has been resourced by grants, provided under the Local Government Act 2003, since 2006-07. The grant paid for 2006-07 was £13.5 million but the figure for 2007-08 is not yet available.
In the three years before the introduction of grants, the contaminated land programme funding was by Supplementary Credit Approvals in 2003-04, and by Supported Capital Expenditure (Revenue) in 2004-05 and 2005-06. Under both finance systems, the funding was delivered via the Revenue Support Grant system. The amounts for 2003-04, 2004-05 and 2005-06 were £15.3 million, £10.3 million and £12.3 million respectively.
DEFRA has commissioned a literature review of the existing evidence on the environmental impacts, and benefits, of the production and consumption of liquid milk. The literature review will attempt to quantify impacts, including those associated with storage, across the life cycle for a range of milks including UHT, pasteurised and organic. This review will be published later in the autumn.
Most of the UK species on the present IUCN Red List are included in the list of UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UKBAP) priority species which has recently undergone an extensive review. Conservation action is being taken under the UKBAP for many of these species and their habitats which will lessen the chance of their extinction.
Internationally, the Government are similarly concerned about the threat of species extinction, using as a focus the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) target of significantly reducing the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010. The Government actively participate in inter-governmental biodiversity conservation agreements including the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) and the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) as well as through funding mechanisms such as DEFRA's Darwin Initiative and the Flagship Species Fund.
We understand that people are concerned about the distress that animals might experience because of fireworks. The Animal Welfare Act 2006 makes it an offence to infuriate or terrify any animal. Any person or organisation may initiate proceedings under this Act. The courts alone must decide whether an offence has been committed.
The use of fireworks is governed by the Fireworks Act 2003. Regulations were introduced in 2004 under this Act to prohibit the use of fireworks after 11 pm (12 pm on 5 November). They also ban the supply of excessively loud fireworks. These measures were brought in partly to protect animals.
Our general advice, which will be published on the DEFRA website, is to:
i. keep all pets inside the house once the sun starts to set, some people set off fireworks before nightfall;
ii. cover aviaries and rabbit hutches so that should the very loud noises disturb the animals, they do at least have a natural-like habitat, where they are able to hide;
iii. feed and exercise your animals well during the day, this will lead to a calmer animal once the noise starts;
iv. if your dog runs for its bed, a cupboard or under the bed, leave it there and allow it to follow its natural instinct which is to hide in a den or cave;
v. do not try to acclimatise your dog to the noise by insisting it faces the noise, they may never get used to the noise and you may be causing damage;
vi. allow the dog comforts within the den, give it its blanket, some water and a toy to make it feel comfortable;
vii. your dog may jump into the bath or start to dig, which shows its instinct to run into holes when danger is present; and
viii. if your dog shows any tendency to hide, let it do so.
We have no plans to introduce a Sow Welfare Disposal scheme. Welfare issues arising from foot and mouth disease (FMD) and bluetongue control measures are being dealt with on a case-by-case basis through the use of special movement licences or measures to support the farmer in their duty of care towards their animals. This includes the provision of advice, temporary shelter and access to supplementary feed.
We are working to ensure that sufficient slaughter capacity is available, particularly for farmers in the bluetongue restriction zone, and would urge farmers facing welfare problems to move animals to slaughter wherever practicable and permitted by disease control restrictions.
Lifting movement restrictions on a phased basis is the best way to alleviate welfare problems facing the industry. On 12 October, DEFRA announced the intention to lift the FMD protection zone in Surrey on Wednesday 17 October. DEFRA also plans to lift all movement restrictions in England, outside the FMD risk area, to coincide with this lifting of the protection zone. These changes will be made provided that there is no change to the disease situation.
Rural Payments Agency: Complaints
The Rural Payments Agency (RPA) received 1,824 complaints between 1 October 2006 and 30 September 2007.
The complaints were raised in letters addressed to Ministers, RPA's Chief Executive or Customer Relations Unit either by the customers themselves or by MPs acting on their behalf.
Sites of Special Scientific Interest: Tree Felling
Sites of special scientific interest (SSSIs) are notified to conserve and enhance the full range of England’s biodiversity. Some SSSIs are notified for interest features which are liable to damage by trees. On such sites, the felling of trees may be necessary and Natural England works with local landowners and communities so that any felling is carried out in accordance with a management plan.
The aim is to secure the favourable or recovering condition of SSSIs, in accordance with our PSA target to have 95 per cent. SSSIs in England in favourable or recovering condition by 2010. Where woodland is a notified feature of a SSSI, or it supports other notified interest features, it will be conserved or restored as appropriate. Overall the area of woodland being conserved (over 84,000 hectares) is far in excess of the area being felled to restore other features (1,440 hectares).
Waste Management: Industrial Health and Safety
I have been asked to reply
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has not produced any guidance specifically for local authorities on manual handling in the kerbside collection of domestic waste and recyclables. However, HSE’s web pages include guidance on interpreting and applying the results of research reported in ‘Manual handling in kerbside collection and sorting of recyclables’, in order to secure the best possible risk assessment and strike the best balance between environmental controls, meeting landfill diversion targets and ensuring the health and safety of those affected by the industry.
[holding answer 23 October 2007]: Foreign and Commonwealth Office posts are aware of the need to watch for indicators that countries may join the International Whaling Commission and adopt a pro-whaling stance. Posts in the relevant capitals are briefed, and engage in discussion with their counterparts on whaling at every appropriate opportunity. Countries are in no doubt as to the importance that the UK attaches to whale conservation.
[holding answer 23 October 2007]: We continue to raise the issue of whaling with countries that adopt a pro-whaling stance within the International Whaling Commission (IWC) at every appropriate opportunity. Posts abroad will continue to lobby all countries to support the UK’s position. The prominent role we play within the IWC ensures no country can be in any doubt as to the importance we attach to whale conservation.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office will also shortly deliver an updated version of the publication “Protecting Whales - A Global Responsibility” to Governments that support whaling to encourage these nations to join the effort to protect these species and maintain the moratorium on commercial whaling.
We continue to lobby all countries who express any interest in joining the International Whaling Commission (IWC) to support the UK’s position. Uruguay has recently joined and several other countries have committed to adhere in time for next year’s annual meeting.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office will also shortly deliver an updated version of the publication “Protecting Whales - A Global Responsibility” to host Governments to encourage more anti-whaling countries to join the effort to protect these species and maintain the moratorium on commercial whaling.
There have been no recent discussions between DEFRA Ministers and Japanese Ministers on this issue. However, at this year's annual meeting of the International Whaling Commission (IWC), the UK and other anti-whaling countries were able to sponsor and secure a key resolution calling on Japan to halt its lethal “scientific” research programme.
In December last year, the British ambassador to Japan took part in a 27 country démarche to both the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Japanese Fisheries Agency to protest against Japan's programme of lethal special permit (“scientific”) whaling in the Southern Ocean.
I have no plans to meet the Prime Minister of New Zealand to discuss specifically this issue, but UK Government Ministers and officials engage in regular discussion with all members of the International Whaling Commission regarding Japan’s continued whaling activity.
Scientific advice from the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea in 2004, suggested that the bass stock is fished sustainably. A more recent study assessing bass stocks in British coastal waters by the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas) suggests the biomass of the adult population has approximately doubled between 1995 and 2004, though there is no estimate of the absolute biomass of bass stocks. Catches in the UK fishery increased from 1234 to 2211 tonnes over the same period. Cefas expects to update the stock assessment for bass later this year.
UK aid channelled through the EU cannot be earmarked for specific countries or purposes. This aid is managed by the European Commission, which bases its country allocation decisions on agreed criteria, and develops its strategies for each country on the basis of the development priorities of that country’s Government. The UK and the other member states oversee the Commission’s decisions on aid allocations through attendance at the relevant management committees.
EU Aid: Commonwealth
Official Development Assistance (ODA) from EU member states and the EC to Commonwealth countries over the last five years is laid out in the following table:
£ million EU Members and EC ODA to Commonwealth Countries UK ODA to Commonwealth Countries 2001 3,333 943 2002 3,848 830 2003 3,683 1,117 2004 3,667 1,172 20051 6,982 2,243 1 In 2005, Nigeria received large sums of debt relief of £3,024 million from DAC EU members, of which £1,136 million from UK.
EU Members and EC ODA to Commonwealth Countries
UK ODA to Commonwealth Countries
1 In 2005, Nigeria received large sums of debt relief of £3,024 million from DAC EU members, of which £1,136 million from UK.
Work and Pensions
Council Tax: Durham
Estimates of the numbers entitled to, but not claiming, council tax benefit are not available below the level of Great Britain. Latest estimates of the numbers entitled but not claiming at that level can be found in “Income Related Benefits Estimates of Take-Up in 2005-06”. A copy of the report is available in the Library.
The Department for Work and Pensions runs a number of promotional campaigns aimed at increasing awareness of rights and responsibilities among the general public, benefit claimants and employers. Some of these communications campaigns include advertising through TV, radio and press media and are detailed in the following table.
The table gives the figures for projected media spend to the end of the financial year 2007-08. These figures remain provisional as we continually assess the effectiveness of our activities throughout the remainder of the year.
Projected spend for 2008-9 is not available as budgets have yet to be finalised.
(£) Campaign TV 000 Radio 000 Print media 000 Total (by campaign) Targeting benefit thieves. Aims to increase awareness of what constitutes fraud, highlight the likelihood of getting caught and the consequences. 1,600 1,600 2,450 5,650 Employ ability. Challenges employer attitudes to the recruitment and retention of people with health conditions or disabilities — — 200 200 Lone Parents. Highlights how a job can benefit the life of a lone parent and their family. — 15 — 15 Local Employer Partnerships. Seeks. to secure employers' commitment to provide 250,000 opportunities for often overlooked people to move into work over 3 years — — 250 250 Pension Credit. Aims to raise the number of returned applications for Pension Credit and highlight the “right” to claim. — 500 1,300 1,800 Now Lets Talk Money. Seeks to help financially excluded people get free, local money advice about basic financial services. — 400 450 850 Incapacity Benefit Customers Campaign (Jobcentre Plus Scotland) Aims to raise overall awareness of the help and support Jobcentre Plus can provide in helping customers back into work. 100 — — 100 Child Maintenance Enforcement Campaign Challenges the culture of non-compliance by highlighting the action we can and will take against non-resident parents who fail to pay maintenance. — 200 650 850 Overall total 1,700 2,715 5,300 9,715 Notes: 1. The table does not include the following as the information is not held centrally and to obtain it would incur disproportionate cost: spend by non-departmental public bodies for which the Department if responsible details of highly localised publicity activity by the Departments customer facing businesses recruitment or procurement advertising. The figures in the table refer to media spend only excluding production, direct mail activity, public relations and other costs. Some of our campaigns supporting customer understanding of entitlements and support do not use advertising and therefore have not been listed. 2. All figures have been rounded to the nearest thousand. 3. All figures are quoted excluding VAT.
Print media 000
Total (by campaign)
Targeting benefit thieves. Aims to increase awareness of what constitutes fraud, highlight the likelihood of getting caught and the consequences.
Employ ability. Challenges employer attitudes to the recruitment and retention of people with health conditions or disabilities
Lone Parents. Highlights how a job can benefit the life of a lone parent and their family.
Local Employer Partnerships. Seeks. to secure employers' commitment to provide 250,000 opportunities for often overlooked people to move into work over 3 years
Pension Credit. Aims to raise the number of returned applications for Pension Credit and highlight the “right” to claim.
Now Lets Talk Money. Seeks to help financially excluded people get free, local money advice about basic financial services.
Incapacity Benefit Customers Campaign (Jobcentre Plus Scotland) Aims to raise overall awareness of the help and support Jobcentre Plus can provide in helping customers back into work.
Child Maintenance Enforcement Campaign Challenges the culture of non-compliance by highlighting the action we can and will take against non-resident parents who fail to pay maintenance.
Notes: 1. The table does not include the following as the information is not held centrally and to obtain it would incur disproportionate cost: spend by non-departmental public bodies for which the Department if responsible details of highly localised publicity activity by the Departments customer facing businesses recruitment or procurement advertising. The figures in the table refer to media spend only excluding production, direct mail activity, public relations and other costs. Some of our campaigns supporting customer understanding of entitlements and support do not use advertising and therefore have not been listed. 2. All figures have been rounded to the nearest thousand. 3. All figures are quoted excluding VAT.
Information on the number of staff employed by the Department for Work and Pensions as at 31 March 2007 is published by the Office for National Statistics in table 6 of the Quarterly Public Sector Employment First Release at:
This is the key official source of work force numbers for the civil service and provides a breakdown of permanent and temporary employees by Department.
For earlier years, the source is at table A of the Civil Service Statistics publication.
2006 (30 September)
2005 (1 April)
2004 (1 April)
2003 (1 April)
For 2005 and 2006, the civil service statistics were not published with the permanent and temporary breakdown so the information is available in the following table.
Headcount FTE Headcount FTE Headcount FTE 30 September 2006 121,430 109,110 3,690 3,520 125,120 112,630 1 April 2005 129,450 117,100 1,850 1,740 131,300 118,840
30 September 2006
1 April 2005
Statistics on the number of contractors employed by the Department are not published. The civil service statistics represent those employees paid directly from the Department’s payroll. Any contractors employed via agencies and so not paid directly by the Department are not included.
The number and percentage of employees above state pension age, of 65 for men and 60 for women, for Departments and Executive agencies is not available from published sources, but information collected from the last Annual Civil Service Employment Survey in September 2006 is in the following table.
Number of staff Percentage of staff Departmental Corporate Units 140 1.24 Child Support Agency 200 1.56 Disability and Carers Service 210 2.93 Jobcentre Plus 1,650 2.10 The Pension Service 240 1.63 The Rent Service 15 2.29
Number of staff
Percentage of staff
Departmental Corporate Units
Child Support Agency
Disability and Carers Service
The Pension Service
The Rent Service
A total of 2,455 staff in DWP are above state pension age, of 65 for men and 60 for women (1.91 per cent.).
The information requested is not available for non-departmental public bodies.
Over the Comprehensive Spending Review 2007 period (2008-11) the Department has lead responsibility for two PSAs; “Maximise Employment Opportunity for All” and “Tackle Poverty and Promote Independence and Well-being in Later Life”.
The Department and its delivery partners remain committed to taking account of rural issues when delivering services and policies in support of both PSAs.
Disability Living Allowance: Peterborough
Disability living allowance—cases in payment in Peterborough parliamentary constituencyNumberMay 19973,200May 19983,400May 19993,700May 20003,700May 20013,700May 20024,100May 20034,350May 20044,460May 20054,590May 20064,680February 20074,740 Notes:1. Totals show the number of people in receipt and exclude people with entitlement where the payment has been suspended, for example if they are in hospital.2. May 97-May 2001 case load figures are rated in line with WPLS totals and rounded to the nearest hundred.3. May 2002-February 2007 case load figures are rounded to the nearest 10.4. Some additional disclosure control has also been applied.5. Totals may not sum due to rounding.Source:DWP Information Directorate: Work and Pensions Longitudinal Study (May 2002-February 2007); Department for Work and Pensions, Information Directorate, 5 per cent. sample (May 97-May 2001).
Disability: Young People
[holding answer 18 October 2007]: Jobcentre Plus provides a wide range of help to young people with disabilities who wish to move from education into work.
New deal for young people (NDYP) is mandatory for all 18-24 year-olds who have been claiming jobseeker’s allowance (JSA) continuously for six months. Early entry can be allowed for certain groups including people with disabilities. NDYP aims to move people into sustainable work as quickly as possible and provide those who need it with extra help to improve their employability.
There is also a range of specialist disability measures and programmes for young people who are not in receipt of JSA.
Disability employment advisers (DEAs) are trained to help people with a range of disabilities and health conditions consider work, take up work and also retain their jobs. DEAs concentrate on making their customer aware of their capabilities and how to overcome their own particular barriers in the workplace.
Young people may benefit from The Access to Work programme. They can be helped by a support worker in a number of ways, for example as a job coach, mentor, advocate or counsellor.
WORKSTEP is a programme of supported employment which can provide tailored support to find, and retain, jobs for people with disabilities who have more complex barriers to finding and keeping work.
Work preparation is an individually tailored, work-focused programme that enables people to address barriers associated with their disability and prepare to access a labour market with the confidence necessary to achieve and sustain their job goal.
Recipients of incapacity benefit are able to undertake permitted work subject to some limits, which include weekly earnings limits. The permitted work lower limit is £20 a week. There are no plans to link the lower limit to the minimum wage or average earnings but the Government keep such limits under review.
Incapacity Benefit: Employment
There has been no specific assessment of the impact of the permitted work lower earnings limit on benefit recipients' willingness and ability to enter the labour market. However, there is clear evidence that, for a number of clients, the permitted work rules have acted as a stepping stone to employment.
Incapacity Benefit: Peterborough
Industrial Health and Safety: Formaldehyde
The Government do not intend to adopt the recommendations on formaldehyde from the European Commission’s Scientific Committee on occupational exposure limits, at the current time.
However, discussions are currently ongoing within the European Commission on whether or not to include formaldehyde in the annex to a future indication occupational exposure limit values (IOELV) directive, and if so at what level. We anticipate the Commission will present a proposal to the Luxembourg Advisory Committee on Safety and Health in November.
Should an IOELV be agreed for formaldehyde in a future Commission directive, the UK Government will take that limit into account when setting their own domestic limit.
The Health and Safety Executive's benchmarking exercise was presented in June 2007 to representatives of employers, trades unions, pressure groups and the scientific community at a workshop chaired by a highly respected independent academic.
There are no immediate plans to amend the current workplace exposure limits for formaldehyde. If, however, formaldehyde is included in the third European Commission Indicative Occupational Exposure Limit Values Directive, the Health and Safety Executive would be obliged to take account of that limit when setting a domestic limit in the UK.
Industrial Health and Safety: Recycling
The final and revised research report produced by the Health and Safety Laboratory, ‘Manual handling in kerbside collection and sorting of recyclables’ was published in May 2006 and is available to the public via the Health and Safety Executive’s website. A copy has been forwarded to the House of Commons Library following this inquiry.
Industrial Health and Safety: Sunbeds
The administration of the Child Support Agency is a matter for the Chief Executive. He will write to the hon. Member with the information requested.
Letter from Stephen Geraghty, dated 24 October 2007:
In reply to your recent parliamentary question about the Child Support Agency, the Secretary of State promised a substantive reply from the Chief Executive.
You asked the Secretary of State for Work and pensions, when the Complaint Review Team, Falkirk Child Support Agency office would reply to the fax on 17 September 2007 from the hon. Member for Edinburgh West in relation to his constituent Mr. Grant Lumsden. 
As details about individual cases are confidential I have written to you separately about this case.
National Insurance: Peterborough
Information is not available prior to April 2004. The available information is in the following table.
Month of registration Number of registrations 6 April-30 April 2004 100 May 2004 170 June 2004 180 July 2004 170 August 2004 120 September 2004 170 October 2004 180 November 2004 350 December 2004 390 January 2005 250 February 2005 570 March 2005 720 April 2005 480 May 2005 480 June 2005 450 July 2005 300 August 2005 210 September 2005 420 October 2005 440 November 2005 310 December 2005 290 January 2006 470 February 2006 560 March 2006 690 April 2006 200 May 2006 290 June 2006 360 July 2006 370 August 2006 250 September 2006 330 October 2006 360 November 2006 400 December 2006 360 January 2007 770 February 2007 510 March 2007 560 Notes: 1. Numbers are rounded to the nearest 10. 2. Totals may not sum due to rounding. 3. Numbers are based on 100 per cent. data from the National Insurance Recording System (NIRS). 4. Local authority is assigned by matching postcodes against the relevant postcode directory. 5. Local authority counts are based on the most recently recorded address of the national insurance number recipient. Source: 100 per cent. sample at 25 June 2005, 17 June 2006 and 14 May 2007 from the National Insurance Recording System (NIRS).
Month of registration
Number of registrations
6 April-30 April 2004
1. Numbers are rounded to the nearest 10.
2. Totals may not sum due to rounding.
3. Numbers are based on 100 per cent. data from the National Insurance Recording System (NIRS).
4. Local authority is assigned by matching postcodes against the relevant postcode directory.
5. Local authority counts are based on the most recently recorded address of the national insurance number recipient.
100 per cent. sample at 25 June 2005, 17 June 2006 and 14 May 2007 from the National Insurance Recording System (NIRS).
We have guaranteed that there will be no compulsory redundancies for disabled people. This was clearly highlighted in the written statement to Parliament on 19 July 2006 and reaffirmed by the then Secretary of State’s statement on 22 May 2007.
Where Remploy are proposing that a factory will close, disabled employees will be offered a range of options including voluntary redundancy, early retirement or a job with another local employer on their current Remploy terms and conditions, including membership of Remploy’s pension scheme. Some disabled employees will have the opportunity to transfer to another Remploy factory.
We have guaranteed that no recommendation for factory closure will be agreed without full scrutiny by Ministers.
DWP Ministers are currently pressing the case with Government colleagues for Remploy to retain and receive good quality public procurement work.
Social Security Benefits: Payments
I have been asked to reply.
TV Licensing, who administer free television licences for people aged 75 or over as agents for the BBC, are not able to provide geographical breakdowns of the number of free licences issued. However, the number of households with at least one person aged 75 or over claiming the winter fuel payment as at winter 2006-07 in the Warley constituency was 4,910 and 17,840 in Sandwell, according to Department for Work and Pensions records.
Departments: Citizen's Juries
The number of staff in the Office, broken down by grade and gender, is published in the Office’s annual report, copies of which are held in the House Library. The Scotland Office has not employed any contractors.
The number of temporary staff is shown in the following table, the figures relate to the total number of temporary staff—sometimes reflecting several temporary staff filling posts in succession. They do not reflect the total number of posts filled by temporary staff.
Number Scotland Office and Office of the Advocate General for Scotland 2002-03 15 2003-04 20 2004-05 6 Scotland Office only 2005-06 — 2006-07 3 Note: Prior to 2005-06, separate figures were not maintained for SO and OAG.
Scotland Office and Office of the Advocate General for Scotland
Scotland Office only
Prior to 2005-06, separate figures were not maintained for SO and OAG.
The Scotland Office is set up to advise on matters affecting the devolution settlement as provided in the Scotland Act 1998. Our direct policy responsibilities concern the conduct of elections to the Scottish Parliament and the relevant policy framework was put in place before the most recent elections held on 3 May.
Departments: Public Participation
Departments: Road Traffic Offences
The Scotland Office maintains the policy that road traffic violations, such as parking tickets and speeding fines, remain the responsibility of the individual and are not reimbursed from public funds. No costs were incurred by the Office in 2006-07.
The exception to this is the Government Car and Despatch Agency and I refer the hon. Member to his question answered on 18 October 2007, Official Report, column 1185W, by my hon. Friend, the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Transport (Jim Fitzpatrick).
I and my predecessor have made numerous official visits to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland during each of the last five years.
I have not attended any overseas meetings in my role as Secretary of State for Scotland and none are planned.
I have had a range of discussions with charities and voluntary groups since my appointment as Secretary of State for Scotland.
Culture, Media and Sport
Alcoholic Drinks: Licensing
[holding answer 22 October 2007]: This information is not held centrally. Past and future statistical bulletins on licences to sell alcohol include the number of licences revoked, but do not indicate why. Licences may be revoked for a number of reasons or a variety of factors, including sales to children.
The matter raised is the responsibility of the Regulator, the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which is accountable to Parliament. Accordingly, I have asked the chief executive of Ofcom to reply directly to the hon. Member. Copies of the chief executive’s letter will be placed in the Libraries of both Houses.
Digital Broadcasting: Gaelic Language
I understand that the total revenue costs of setting up the channel (including promotion) are expected to be in the region of £1.27 million and the total capital requirements £1.5 million. The annual running costs of the channel, excluding distribution, are estimated to be £17.9 million.
These figures are dependent on the outcome of the BBC Trust’s consideration of the proposals which are currently subject to a Public Value Test, as required under the BBC charter and agreement.
Digital Broadcasting: Radio
The Department does not collect its own radio listening figures. However, radio listening data compiled by RAJAR for the second quarter 2007 show (a) that 26.2 per cent. of the population (adults15+) listened via a digital platform each week and (b) the total radio listening share by platform was:
Listening via Percentage AM/FM 66.1 All digital1 12.8 Analogue/digital unspecified 21.1 1 Digital platforms consisting of 7 per cent. listening via DAB, 2.6 per cent. DTV, 1.5 per cent. internet and 1.7 per cent. unspecified.
1 Digital platforms consisting of 7 per cent. listening via DAB, 2.6 per cent. DTV, 1.5 per cent. internet and 1.7 per cent. unspecified.
Licensed Premises: Take-Away Food
Talented Athlete Programme
The Talented Athlete Scholarship Scheme (TASS) was introduced in 2004. Details of the number of athletes it has supported and the level of funding are as follows:
Awards given Funding (£ million) Level of awards (£) 2004-05 920 3 1,500 or 3,000 2005-06 1,233 4 1,500, 3,000 or 10,000 2006-07 1,090 5 3,000 or 10,000
Funding (£ million)
Level of awards (£)
1,500 or 3,000
1,500, 3,000 or 10,000
3,000 or 10,000
So far this year, more than 600 awards have been given.
In total, 2,714 athletes have received a TASS award during its first three years (as some athletes have received more than one annual award).
Afghanistan: Peacekeeping Operations
[holding answer 23 October 2007]: The Relief in Place of 12 Mechanised Brigade is not yet complete. In the period 12 April 2007 to 10 October 2007, 213 personnel were aeromedically evacuated from units of 12 Mechanised Brigade during their operational tour.
During the same period, a further 131 individuals, including UK personnel serving under the wider ISAF force structure, civilians, contractors and other military personnel serving on secondment or attachment with other units deployed to theatre, were aeromedically evacuated.
Both sets of figures include aeromedical evacuation for all reasons, including battle injuries, non-battle injuries, illness and disease.
The MOD publishes casualty details for Afghanistan on its website under the following URL:
Armed Conflict: Death
We do not routinely use the term ‘killed in theatre’. The operational fatality figures published by the Department include those personnel who died as a direct result of injuries sustained in the operational theatre, but who were evacuated elsewhere prior to their death.
Arms Trade: Treaties
The detailed arrangements for the Defence Trade Co-operation Treaty are still under negotiation. The Treaty will operate alongside the existing UK export control regime and transfers of controlled components will be subject to the current arrangements. Controls on exports from the United States are a matter for the US Government.
Ballistic Missile Defence
I refer my hon. Friend to the answer I gave on 17 October 2007, Official Report, column 1116W, to the hon. Member for Harrogate and Knaresborough (Mr. Willis).
Details of the future military capabilities can be found in the 2003 Defence White Paper, “Delivering Security in a Changing World” (Cm 6041-1) and “Delivering Security in a Changing World—Future Capabilities” (Cm 6269) published in July 2004.
We continue to keep future capabilities under review through our regular planning process.
Defence Estates: Official Hospitality
Each case would be considered on its merits. In the case of the specific event referred to, the main factor considered by officials in deciding to waive the nominal charge was the nature of the charitable event. The decision to waive the liability charge on a Defence Estates license was taken on Friday 30 March 2007.
The Ministry of Defence and armed forces collectively maintain four corporate websites. Identified direct expenditure on running these in the last five years was as follows:
Website URL 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 Ministry of Defence http://www.mod.uk/ 124,350 111,000 127,192 147,000 177, 875 Royal Navy http://www.royal-navy.mod.uk/ 154,000 230,000 197,888 2197,000 178,398 British Army http://www.army.mod.uk n/a 160,000 96,000 n/a 160,000 Royal Air Force http://www.raf.mod.uk/ 87,500 108,000 121,213 3126,860 4173,859 n/a=Not available 1 Cost for site management only 2 Includes £64,000 cost of running two sites during transition 3 This was erroneously shown as the cost for 2006-07 in the table—10 May 2007, Official Report, column 348W. 4 Includes cost of re-launch.
Ministry of Defence
Royal Air Force
1 Cost for site management only
2 Includes £64,000 cost of running two sites during transition
3 This was erroneously shown as the cost for 2006-07 in the table—10 May 2007, Official Report, column 348W.
4 Includes cost of re-launch.
In accordance with the Cabinet Office-led programme of website rationalisation, the MOD is progressively reducing the number of other websites maintained by business units within the Department. On 1 January 2005 MOD and the armed forces collectively maintained eight corporate websites, which have now been reduced to the four listed above. In phase one of the Cabinet Office-led web rationalisation programme MOD identified 44 additional sites, which have now been reduced to 31. I refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave on 10 May 2007, Official Report, columns 348-52W, to the right hon. Member for Maidenhead (Mrs. May) which gave the costs of running sites in this category in 2006-07. A further 18 sites, now reduced to 17, were identified within the scope of phase 2 of the web rationalisation programme. Further reductions are planned between now and 2010. Costs for these sites could be provided only at disproportionate cost.
In addition, there are numerous individual unit, regiment, charity, sports and recreation sites, which are maintained independently by the organisations in question and are not classed as part of the corporate websites maintained by the Department. Lists of these sites could be provided only at disproportionate cost.
Departments: Written Questions
Robust arrangements are in place at AWE to ensure the continued safety and security of operations in the event of the failure of electrical supplies. These include multiple-point connection to the national grid and the capability for on-site electricity generation.
Information on arrangements at GCHQ is a matter for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
Iraq: Armed Forces
[holding answer 22 October 2007]: The details of planning remain confidential. Planning was reviewed on a regular basis and adapted in light of developments on the ground in Iraq.
Iraq: Peacekeeping Operations
[holding answer 15 October 2007]: Overall reported crime rates for September in Basra remain at a similar level to previous months, and where security incidents have occurred the Iraqi Security Forces have demonstrated their ability to deal with them swiftly and effectively. It is not practicable to determine whether each act of violence is politically or criminally motivated but our assessment is that sectarianism is not a major factor in Southern Iraq.
(2) who will make the decision for any British military intervention in (a) Maysan, (b) Dhi Qar and (c) Al Muthanna;
(3) under what conditions British forces would be expected to intervene in (a) Maysan, (b) Dhi Qar and (c) Al Muthanna.
As the Prime Minister outlined in his statement to the House on 8 October, once Basra province has transitioned to Provincial Iraqi Control, UK forces would only re-intervene in any of the provinces within Multi-National Division South East at the specific request of the Government of Iraq or where action is necessary for the self-defence of coalition forces.
Since Maysan, Dhi Qar and Al Muthanna provinces transitioned to Provincial Iraqi Control, on no occasion have coalition forces been required directly to re-intervene, as the Iraqi security forces have been able to deal with the isolated incidences of violence that have occurred. On occasion, at the request of the Iraqi Government, coalition forces have, however, provided limited support to Iraqi security operations in these provinces.
[pursuant to the reply, 17 October 2007, Official Report, c. 1118W]: I incorrectly stated that the number of Territorial Army personnel killed in Iraq since 2003 was four, the correct figure was five. The error occurred due to a misinterpretation of operational casualty records.
I am withholding the information as its release would, or would be likely to prejudice international relations.
Territorial Army: Food
In general, reserve forces personnel working at their parent unit (or Territorial Army Headquarters) who are in receipt of full-time pay or “over eight hours” daily rate of pay are treated as full-time service personnel and therefore pay for their food. However, personnel on exercise being fed under field conditions do not pay for their food.
Arrival and departure times at Devonport harbour are adjusted regularly to allow vessel movements to take place with the minimum of disruption. Over the last 12 months, only one Royal Navy or Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) vessel, RFA Largs Bay, was required to remain outside of the harbour due to movement restrictions and the availability of berths.
Over the last two years, only one Royal Navy vessel was diverted from HM Naval Base Devonport. In February 2007, HMS Ocean was transferred to HM Naval Base Portsmouth due to the unavailability of a Devonport berth for unplanned defect rectification.
Disruption to routine sailings due to adverse weather conditions is not routinely recorded although it is estimated that during the last 12 months there were six occasions when Royal Navy or Royal Fleet Auxiliary movements were disrupted within Devonport harbour as a result of poor visibility due to fog, rain or high winds.
There is no internationally recognised definition for a cluster munition; this is the subject of ongoing negotiations under UN auspices. However, we have no plans to develop or procure new munitions falling under the UK’s current working definition of a cluster munition.
In terms of new weapons that employ submunitions technology, we are developing a Ballistic Sensor Fused Munition—a 155 mm gun-launched shell containing two explosive sub-munitions, each having target detecting sensors and a self-destruct system.
Acceptable Behaviour Contracts: Berkshire
Data on acceptable behaviour contracts (ABCs) are not collected by the Home Office as they are voluntary agreements and therefore not suitable for central data collection. However, surveys of crime and disorder reduction partnerships (CDRPs) indicate that over 25,000 ABCs have been made since October 2003. The Home Office recently issued updated and comprehensive guidance for practitioners on the use of ABCs.
Parenting orders are a matter for the Ministry of Justice. However I understand that they were piloted between 30 September 1998 and 31 March 2000 but data showing the breakdown by area are not available for that period. Parenting orders were commenced in England and Wales in June 2000. The Youth Justice Board (YJB) has since April 2000 collected the number of parenting orders by youth offending team ("YOT") area, as reported to it by youth offending teams including education-related orders where the YOT has been involved.
Until April 2007, one YOT covered Reading and Wokingham. Four other YOTs cover the rest of Berkshire. Since September 2004, the Department for Children, Schools and Families has collected data on the number of parenting orders in England related to non-attendance of children at school and exclusion from school at local authority level.
Four parenting orders were made in Berkshire following truancy prosecution between 1 September 2004 and 13 April 2007: two in Reading between 2 September and 31 December 2006; one in West Berkshire between 22 April and 1 September 2006 and one between 2 September and 31 December 2006.
Between 1 September 2004 and 13 April 2007 Berkshire local authorities did not report any applications to the courts for parenting orders in the case of exclusions.
The number of parenting orders relating to crime or antisocial behaviour from April 2000 until March 2007 reported to the YJB by the YOTs in Berkshire are shown in the attached table.
2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 Bracknell Forest 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Reading and Wokingham 7 0 3 5 6 5 5 Slough 0 2 4 1 0 0 1 West Berkshire 0 6 1 0 4 2 4 Windsor and Maidenhead 0 3 0 1 0 0 0 Total 7 11 8 7 10 7 10
Reading and Wokingham
Windsor and Maidenhead
Animal Welfare: Horses
The policing of the Appleby Horse Fair is an operational matter for the chief constable of Cumbria constabulary. In regard to the drowning of a horse in the River Eden on the first day of the Fair, I understand that this incident is currently being investigated by the RSPCA who are still trying to trace the individual responsible.
(2) how the Government defines moderate pain in relation to animal experimentation.
The Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 makes provision for the protection of animals used for experimental or other scientific purposes which may have the effect of causing pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm.
Projects licensed under the 1986 Act specify “protocols” which are the means by which the project will be carried out. Each protocol is assigned a severity limit in one of four categories, ‘unclassified’, ‘mild’, ‘moderate’ or “substantial”. The severity limit for each protocol is determined by the upper limit of the expected adverse effects that may be encountered by a protected animal, taking into account the measures specified in the licence for avoiding and controlling adverse effects. It represents the worst potential outcome for any animal subjected to the protocol, even if it may only be experienced by a small number of the animals to be used.
A detailed description of each category of severity limit is set out in paragraph 5.42 of the published Guidance on the Operation of the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 (HC 321). In general terms, the “moderate” category is reserved for protocols in which suffering is effectively controlled or terminated before the animal shows more severe effects. In the case of animals experiencing pain in such protocols, effective analgesia is provided or the protocol is terminated before the animals show more severe effects.
Under standard project licence condition eight, set out in Appendix D to the Home Office Guidance, it is the responsibility of the project licence holder to ensure adherence to the severity limits and if these constraints appear to have been, or are likely to be, breached, the project licence holder must ensure that the Secretary of State is notified as soon as possible. Veterinary surgeons and animal care staff skilled in the recognition of the severity of signs of suffering or distress in animals are available at each establishment to advise the licensees on when an animal is experiencing or liable to experience more than moderate pain.
The Animals (Scientific Procedures) Inspectorate also visit designated establishments where animal experiments are being carried out to determine whether the conditions of licences are being complied with. Inspectors report to the Secretary of State any case in which any provision of the 1986 Act or any condition of a licence or certificate under the 1986 Act has not been or is not being complied with and advise on the action to be taken in any such case. Home Office records show that non-compliance with severity limits is rare.