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Clostridium: Death

Volume 465: debated on Thursday 25 October 2007

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many (a) people and (b) people under the age of (i) one and (ii) five died from (A) clostridium difficile and (B) MRSA infection in each year from 1997 to 2006. (160268)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Colin Mowl, dated 25 October 2007:

The National Statistician has been asked to reply to your recent question asking how many (a) people and (b) people under the age of (i) one and (ii) five died from (A) clostridium difficile and (B) MRS A infection in each year since 1997 to 2006. I am replying in her absence. (160268)

Special analyses of deaths in England and Wales involving Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) and MRSA are undertaken annually by ONS and results are published in Health Statistics Quarterly. The latest year for which figures are available is 2005.

The tables below present the numbers of deaths where C. difficile and MRSA were mentioned on death certificates and where they were the underlying cause of death. Data for 1997, 1998, and 2000 are not available for C. difficile (see background note 1).

Table 1: Number of death certificates with clostridium. difficile1 mentioned and as the underlying cause of death, England and Wales, 1999 and 2001-052

Mentions

Underlying cause3

All ages

Age under one year

Age under five years4

All ages

Age under one year

Age under five years4

1999

975

0

0

531

0

0

2000

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

2001

1,214

0

0

691

0

0

2002

1,428

0

0

756

0

0

2003

1,788

1

1

958

1

1

2004

2,247

0

1

1,245

0

0

2005

3,807

0

1

2,074

0

1

n/a = Not available

1 Identified using the methodology described in Office for National Statistics (2006) report: Deaths involving clostridium difficile: England and Wales, 1999-2004. Health Statistics Quarterly 30, 56-60.

2 Deaths registered in 1999, deaths occurring in 2001-05.

3 Excludes neonatal deaths (aged under 28 days)

4 Total for under five years includes deaths under one year of age.

Table 2: Number of death certificates with MRSA1 mentioned and as the underlying cause of death, England and Wales, 1997-20052

Mentions

Underlying cause3

All ages

Age under one year

Age under five years4

All ages

Age under one year

Age under five years4

1997

389

1

1

102

0

0

1998

412

3

4

118

2

2

1999

487

0

1

126

0

0

2000

669

0

0

195

0

0

2001

734

1

1

254

0

0

2002

800

0

1

248

0

0

2003

955

2

2

321

0

0

2004

1,168

1

1

360

0

0

2005

1,629

6

6

467

2

2

1 Identified using the methodology described in Griffiths C, Lamagni TL, Crowcroft NS, Duckworth G and Rooney C (2004) Trends in MRSA in England and Wales: analysis of morbidity and mortality data for 1993-2002. Health Statistics Quarterly 21, 15-22.

2 Deaths occurring in 1997-2005.

3 Excludes neonatal deaths (aged under 28 days).

4 Total for under five years includes deaths under one year of age.