Skip to main content

Infant Mortality

Volume 465: debated on Thursday 25 October 2007

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what the rate of infant mortality was in (a) the five most deprived areas in England and (b) England in each year since 1979. (159809)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Colin Mowl, dated 25 October 2007:

The National Statistician has been asked to reply to your recent question asking what the rate of infant mortality was in (a) the five most deprived areas in England and (b) England in each year since 1979. I am replying in her absence. (159809)

The five most deprived areas in England were identified as the local authority districts (LAD) with highest deprivation according to the English Indices of Deprivation 2004. Hackney had the highest level of deprivation, Tower Hamlets was ranked second, Manchester third, Islington fourth and Liverpool fifth. Infant mortality rates are provided for these same LADs for all the years.

The attached table shows infant mortality rates for the five most deprived areas (Hackney, Tower Hamlets, Manchester, Islington and Liverpool) and England from 1979 to 2005 (the latest year available).

Infant mortality rates for England and the five most deprived areas in England, 1979-2005

Hackney

Tower Hamlets

Manchester

Islington

Liverpool

England

1979

11.7

19.1

18.5

17.6

11.4

12.8

1980

16.0

12.3

16.8

14.0

14.5

12.0

1981

12.9

13.7

11.0

11.5

10.7

10.9

1982

11.0

14.9

15.4

12.8

8.7

10.8

1983

11.8

10.7

11.2

10.6

9.7

10.0

1984

10.5

10.8

9.8

11.6

7.1

9.4

1985

11.5

7.3

9.6

7.3

8.1

9.2

1986

11.6

8.7

11.1

8.8

11.5

9.5

1987

12.9

11.5

8.1

7.9

7.8

9.1

1988

9.3

11.6

10.0

8.9

7.0

9.1

1989

9.6

9.2

11.5

8.5

7.6

8.4

1990

8.8

7.7

8.9

11.0

6.7

7.9

1991

8.7

8.4

9.0

6.9

7.0

7.3

1992

8.3

7.9

8.4

9.1

5.2

6.5

1993

8.4

4.9

8.3

5.7

4.3

6.3

1994

11.4

6.6

6.8

5.0

4.8

6.1

1995

9.1

8.7

9.6

6.8

7.1

6.1

1996

7.4

6.4

7.2

4.8

6.5

6.0

1997

10.5

5.6

8.9

3.1

7.2

5.9

1998

6.1

7.6

6.7

4.3

6.9

5.6

1999

9.1

6.0

9.5

8.8

6.8

5.7

2000

6.2

5.9

8.7

5.5

7.0

5.6

2001

7.8

5.2

9.6

6.0

6.7

5.4

2002

9.3

6.0

9.0

4.4

6.1

5.2

2003

6.9

4.8

6.5

7.9

4.7

5.3

2004

3.4

4.2

8.2

7.5

5.7

5.0

2005

5.6

4.3

7.2

5.5

8.1

5.0

Notes: 1 Infant mortality rates per 1,000 live births. 2 Rates based on fewer than 20 deaths are shown in italics. 3 From 2002 onwards City of London LB is included in the rates for Hackney LB. 4 2006 figures on a comparable basis are not yet available.