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Extradition

Volume 468: debated on Thursday 29 November 2007

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many extradition requests were received by the UK from (a) the USA, (b) each of the other EU member states and (c) other countries, in each of the last five years; and how many of those were (i) granted and (ii) refused. (165422)

For the purposes of this reply, the answer gives details of requests made to England and Wales; requests from Scotland and Northern Ireland are matters for the Scotland Office and Northern Ireland Office respectively.

Since 1 January 2004, extradition between the UK and European Union has been conducted under the Framework Decision on the European Arrest Warrant (EAW), which was given effect in the UK by part 1 of the Extradition Act 2003. The other EU member states have been designated under part 1 of the Extradition Act 2003 at regular intervals. A separate table sets out the statistics for the EAW.

It should be emphasised that a person is not always returned in the same year that an extradition request has been received.

Table 1: Extradition requests made to England and Wales, 2003-071

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Country

Received

Returned (Refused)

Received

Returned (Refused)

Received

Returned (Refused)

Received

Returned (Refused)

Received

Returned (Refused)

Albania

7

2

1 (2)

8

3

12

3 (3)

Argentina

2

(1)

Armenia

1

(1)

Australia

5

4

1

3

2 (2)

6

2

3

4 (2)

Austria

1

1

1

Azerbaijan

1

1

Belgium

11

3

1

3 (1)

(3)

Brazil

4

Bulgaria

1

1

1

1

Canada

1

1

1

3

2

1

1

1

3

Croatia

2

2

1

2

1 (2)

Cyprus

1

Czech Republic

14

3 (6)

10

1 (2)

1

4 (3)

2 (2)

Denmark

1

Estonia

2

1

France

11

7 (1)

7

4

1

6

3 (1)

Germany

15

8 (3)

15

7

1

7 (2)

2 (1)

Georgia

1

Greece

1

1

1

Grenada

1

Hong Kong SAR

1

3

Hungary

2

1

India

1

(1)

4

2

(1)

(1)

Israel

1

2

2

Italy

10

3 (1)

12

8 (3)

3

5 (4)

4 (2)

4

Kenya

1

Latvia

1

Lithuania

11

1 (1)

12

4 (2)

3

(2)

Mauritius

1

Moldova

1

2

Monaco

1

1

Morocco

Netherlands

11

12 (6)

2

5 (1)

Netherlands Antilles

New Zealand

2

1

1

1

3

Norway

1

1

1

1 (1)

1

1

1

1

Peru

1

1

Poland

2

1

4

(1)

1

(1)

Portugal

6

(1)

1 (1)

1

(1)

(1)

Romania

1

3

(1)

14

2 (1)

3

1 (5)

1 (1)

Russian Federation

1

(3)

5

(1)

5

(6)

11

(2)

7

(2)

Rwanda

4

Slovenia

1

Slovakia

1

1

2

South Africa

1

1

1 (1)

1

Spain

5

1

2 (1)

3 (2)

1

1 (2)

Sweden

3

3

1

Switzerland

1

2 (1)

1

2

1

1

(1)

Trinidad and Tobago

1

2

Turkey

2

(1)

2

1

1 (2)

3

(6)

4

Uganda

1

(1)

Ukraine

1

United States of America

20

7 (4)

42

8 (4)

8

14 (3)

17

14 (3)

10

9(2)

Zambia

1

Zimbabwe

1

(1)

Total

148

56 (32)

142

50 (18)

54

62 (29)

65

40 (31)

52

27 (17)

1 Figures up until 15 November 2007.

Table 2: European arrest warrants received1

Country

2004

2005

2006

2007

Austria

3

2

2

Belgium

15

13

2

3

Bulgaria

Cyprus

4

Czech Republic

5

10

12

Denmark

4

1

3

Estonia

1

Finland

4

2

1

France

11

22

12

6

Germany

42

15

13

Gibraltar

Greece

3

1

2

Hungary

2

6

Ireland

14

24

22

14

Italy

11

10

8

Latvia

3

5

2

8

Lithuania

29

78

55

27

Luxembourg

Malta

1

1

The Netherlands

5

5

6

16

Poland

11

42

80

109

Portugal

11

6

4

2

Romania

1

2

Slovakia

9

2

5

Slovenia

3

Spain

11

26

3

6

Sweden

3

2

4

1 European arrest warrants received by the UK by member state (where subject has been arrested). It is a matter of policy and practice to neither confirm nor deny the existence of any extradition request ahead of a person’s arrest.

Table 3: Surrenders from the UK

Country

2004

2005

2006

2007

Austria

2

Belgium

3

8

1

5

Bulgaria

Cyprus

Czech Republic

15

Denmark

3

2

Estonia

Finland

1

2

1

1

France

1

4

15

8

Germany

8

16

19

Gibraltar

Greece

2

Hungary

3

1

Ireland

4

11

20

23

Italy

5

9

Latvia

2

7

Lithuania

3

25

48

54

Luxembourg

Malta

1

The Netherlands

3

3

2

6

Poland

4

20

120

Portugal

5

3

2

3

Romania

2

Slovakia

4

4

Slovenia

Spain

1

3

4

6

Sweden

2

1

4

1

Table 4: European arrest warrant—discharges1

Country

Discharged

Austria

Belgium

4

Bulgaria

Cyprus

4

Czech Republic

3

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

9

Germany

11

Gibraltar

Greece

Hungary

Ireland

2

Italy

5

Latvia

3

Lithuania

9

Luxembourg

Malta

The Netherlands

7

Poland

18

Portugal

8

Romania

1

Slovakia

4

Slovenia

2

Spain

9

Sweden

1

1 Cases where the subject has been discharged by UK court.