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Prisoners

Volume 470: debated on Tuesday 15 January 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice how many (a) non-UK citizens and (b) non-UK citizens without leave to remain in the UK were sentenced to custodial sentences in each year since 1997; what proportion of the prison population serving sentences fell into each of those categories in the same period; and what estimate he has made of the cost of detaining prisoners in each category in each of those years. (177457)

The following table gives the numbers of foreign national prisoners received into all prison establishments in England and Wales under immediate custodial sentence between 1997 and 2006 showing their proportion against all receptions:

Immediate custodial sentenced receptions into prison establishments in England and Wales by nationality 1997-2006

All nationalities

British nationals

Foreign nationals

Unrecorded nationality

Foreign nationalreceptions (percentage)

1997

80,832

76,321

4,167

344

5.2

1998

85,908

80,772

4,895

241

5.7

1999

90,238

85,126

4,927

185

5.5

2000

91,195

85,712

5,237

246

5.7

2001

90,523

84,217

6,026

280

6.7

2002

93,615

86,114

7,018

483

7.5

2003

92,245

84,251

7,482

512

8.1

2004

93,326

84,579

8,355

392

9.0

2005

90,414

80,418

9,612

384

10.6

2006

88,134

77,975

9,832

327

11.2

This information is derived from table 7.5 of the supplementary tables of the recently published Offender Management Caseload Statistics 2006, a copy of which will be placed in the House of Commons Library and which is available at the following website:

http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/prisonaandpobation.htm

The following table gives the numbers of sentenced foreign national prisoners held in all prisons in England and Wales over the same period, ie the population by category at each year specified:

Sentenced population in prison establishments in England and Wales by whether foreign national 1997-2006 (as at June each year)

All

British

Foreign nationals

Foreign national sentenced population (percentage)

1997

48,674

45,311

3,250

6.7

1998

52,159

48,442

3,546

6.8

1999

51,293

47,377

3,862

7.5

2000

53,093

49,059

3,918

7.4

2001

54,169

49,471

4,576

8.4

2002

57,272

51,471

5,607

9.8

2003

58,190

51,791

6,168

10.6

2004

60,924

54,453

6,256

10.3

2005

62,179

55,497

6,509

10.5

2006

63,404

55,956

7,283

11.5

Comparable information for Scotland and Northern Ireland is the responsibility of the Scottish Executive and the Northern Ireland Prison Service.

This information is derived from tables 6.4 and 6.5 in Prison Statistics in England and Wales for years 1997-2002 and from table 8.29 in the Offender Management Caseload Statistics for the years 2003-06. Website versions of these tables can be found at:

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/omcs/html

for years up to 2005 and at

http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/prisonandprobation.htm

for 2006. Paper copies of these publications can be found in the House of Commons Library.

Information relating to immigration status is not centrally available and could be obtained only at disproportionate cost.

There are no separate estimates of the cost of detaining prisoners according to whether UK or foreign national. The average cost per prisoner in 2006-07 was approximately £37,500, taking account of all establishment types.

These figures have been drawn from administrative IT systems, which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice what estimate he has made of the average cost of a new prisoner place in a new building; and if he will make a statement. (179077)

The capital cost of building each new prisoner place is dependent on the type of accommodation constructed. The following table shows the current approximate capital cost per place for different construction types.

Construction type

Capital cost per place1 (£)

Houseblock

219,000

Ready built residential unit

178,000

Temporary custodial module

108,000

Temporary custodial facility

122,000

New prison

152,000

1 Public sector prisons.

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice what projection has been made of the prison population in 2020; and if he will make a statement. (179095)

No prison population projections have been made for 2020. The latest published prison population projections, which cover the period 2007-14, were published in August 2007 (“Prison population projections 2007-2014 England and Wales”, N. de Silva, et al, Ministry of Justice, 2007). A copy is available in the Library of the House. When the methodology for projecting the prison population was developed (“Forecasting the prison population”, P. Grove, J. Macleod and D. Godfrey, OR Insight, 11(1), 1998, pp. 3-9) seven years was the period chosen as a reasonable period for the projections. The further into the future a projection is made, the less accurate it becomes.