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Death: Weather

Volume 470: debated on Tuesday 15 January 2008

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many people died from cold weather related illnesses in the last 10 years; how many of them were from each (a) age cohort and (b) primary care trust area in each year; and if he will make a statement. (178415)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated 15 January 2008:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your recent question asking how many people died from cold-related illnesses in the last 10 years; how many of them were from each (a) age cohort and (b) primary care trust area in each year. (178415)

There is no official definition of cold-related illnesses or causes of death, and ‘cold’ in itself is never recorded as the underlying cause of death according to the rules of the International Classification of Diseases. However, hypothermia or subnormal body temperature may be mentioned on the death certificate.

The tables attached provide the number of deaths where hypothermia was mentioned on the death certificate, in (a) England by five-year age group, and (b) each primary care organisation in England, from 1997 to 2006 (the latest year available).

Table 1. Number of deaths with any mention of hypothermia on the death certificate1,England, by age group, 1997-20062

Deaths (persons)

Age group

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

0-4

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

5-9

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

10-14

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

2

0

0

15-19

3

1

2

1

2

3

1

2

2

0

20-24

5

1

1

2

2

5

0

0

3

0

25-29

4

4

1

4

2

2

3

1

1

1

30-34

2

4

8

3

4

1

4

5

2

2

35-39

8

6

3

4

4

6

5

2

5

4

40-44

8

6

2

4

7

2

6

1

9

5

45-49

9

7

9

7

3

8

11

1

6

7

50-54

6

11

8

13

9

8

11

12

6

6

55-59

11

11

14

16

12

10

13

4

10

9

60-64

15

13

10

7

12

12

8

8

8

10

65-69

22

21

15

16

13

6

4

10

10

7

70-74

21

26

28

22

20

16

12

17

10

10

75-79

63

39

41

44

37

18

16

17

7

19

80-84

71

60

55

50

32

30

24

35

26

32

85+

122

100

107

104

91

68

62

50

47

60

Total

370

310

306

300

250

195

180

167

152

172

1 Hypothermia was defined using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) code 991.6 for the years 1996 to 2000, and the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code T68, for the years 2001 to 2006. Deaths were included where hypothermia was mentioned anywhere on the death certificate.

2 Figures are for deaths registered in each calendar year.

Table 2. Number of deaths with any mention of hypothermia on the death certificate1, primary care organisations2, 1997-20063

Deaths (persons)

Area

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

England

370

310

306

300

250

195

180

167

152

172

North East

13

18

16

10

10

13

7

7

11

15

County Durham

4

2

6

2

1

2

1

1

3

4

Darlington

0

0

0

0

1

2

0

1

0

1

Gateshead

2

2

1

1

0

0

0

1

0

1

Hartlepool

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

Middlesbrough

3

2

4

2

2

2

2

0

2

2

Newcastle

0

0

1

0

3

0

1

0

0

0

North Tees

0

1

1

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

North Tyneside

1

1

0

2

0

3

0

1

2

1

Northumberland

1

4

0

0

1

1

1

1

1

2

Redcar and Cleveland

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

South Tyneside

1

1

0

0

2

1

2

2

0

0

Sunderland Teaching

1

4

3

3

0

0

0

0

0

4

North West

51

43

47

39

38

20

29

29

21

19

Ashton, Leigh and Wigan

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

Blackburn with Darwen

1

1

0

1

4

1

0

0

0

0

Blackpool

4

5

0

3

1

5

5

0

2

1

Bolton

2

1

0

0

0

0

1

1

3

1

Bury

0

2

2

2

0

0

1

0

0

0

Central and Eastern Cheshire

4

0

1

3

4

1

1

0

1

0

Central Lancashire

1

2

2

2

1

1

2

2

0

1

Cumbria

10

3

7

3

5

2

1

2

4

1

East Lancashire

2

2

1

0

1

0

3

2

0

2

Halton and St. Helens

0

0

2

2

2

1

1

1

0

1

Heywood, Middleton and Rochdale

1

1

1

0

1

1

1

0

0

1

Knowsley

2

3

0

2

3

1

3

3

1

0

Liverpool

5

7

13

4

8

3

5

7

1

2

Manchester

3

3

3

2

3

0

0

1

0

1

North Lancashire

4

0

2

2

0

2

1

0

2

0

Oldham

0

1

1

1

2

0

0

1

0

0

Salford

0

3

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

3

Sefton

1

0

2

3

0

0

0

0

1

0

Stockport

2

0

1

2

0

0

0

2

2

0

Tameside and Glossop

1

0

2

2

0

0

2

3

3

0

Trafford

1

3

1

2

1

0

0

0

0

0

Warrington

1

1

2

0

0

1

2

0

1

0

Western Cheshire

0

1

0

1

0

1

0

2

0

1

Wirral

6

4

4

2

1

0

0

2

0

3

Yorkshire and the Humber

23

31

27

18

26

23

to

17

11

15

Barnsley

1

0

2

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

Bradford and Airedale

0

7

2

1

4

3

0

4

1

0

Calderdale

3

2

0

1

0

1

1

0

0

1

Doncaster

0

1

2

0

1

3

1

0

0

0

East Riding of Yorkshire

0

3

1

3

3

0

1

1

3

1

Hull

4

2

1

1

1

0

1

3

0

0

Leeds

0

2

2

1

1

1

1

0

1

1

North East Lincolnshire Care Trust

0

1

5

2

3

1

0

1

2

3

North Lincolnshire

2

2

0

4

2

4

2

2

2

3

North Yorkshire and York

5

4

4

2

4

3

2

3

0

4

Rotherham

0

0

1

0

3

1

1

0

1

0

Sheffield

4

6

5

3

2

3

0

1

0

2

Wakefield District

4

1

2

0

2

3

0

1

1

0

East Midlands

24

21

33

31

16

13

14

7

13

8

Bassetlaw

0

4

2

1

1

1

0

1

0

0

Derby City

2

1

3

4

2

1

1

1

3

0

Derbyshire County

5

4

9

6

2

2

2

0

0

4

Leicester City

5

6

8

9

4

3

6

3

4

1

Leicestershire County and Rutland

0

1

2

3

0

2

1

0

1

0

Lincolnshire

0

0

0

2

0

1

0

1

0

0

Northamptonshire

8

3

5

2

1

1

1

1

3

2

Nottingham City

2

0

2

0

1

0

0

0

1

1

Nottinghamshire County

2

2

2

4

5

2

3

0

1

0

West Midlands

46

47

42

50

34

28

20

24

22

27

Birmingham East and North

3

2

5

7

5

3

2

1

1

2

Coventry Teaching

0

2

2

5

3

1

1

2

0

3

Dudley

5

5

4

1

1

2

2

3

0

1

Heart of Birmingham Teaching

4

4

5

4

5

3

1

1

2

3

Herefordshire

1

0

1

1

1

0

0

1

1

0

North Staffordshire

2

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

2

1

Sandwell

5

4

5

1

4

2

0

0

2

1

Shropshire County

2

0

1

1

0

2

1

1

1

1

Solihull Care Trust

2

2

0

3

0

3

1

0

0

2

South Birmingham

5

5

5

6

2

2

2

2

2

1

South Staffordshire

3

7

1

2

3

1

0

4

2

3

Stoke on Trent

4

2

3

1

5

5

1

0

1

1

Telford and Wrekin

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Walsall Teaching

2

1

1

5

1

1

0

2

2

3

Warwickshire

2

1

4

3

1

2

3

4

2

1

Wolverhampton City

1

5

3

5

1

0

2

1

2

1

Worcestershire

5

6

2

5

2

1

3

1

2

3

East of England

56

35

41

43

40

22

24

19

22

19

Bedfordshire

11

3

1

5

3

0

2

4

1

1

Cambridgeshire

1

6

6

6

6

3

3

0

4

0

East and North Hertfordshire

2

1

5

5

1

1

0

0

1

3

Great Yarmouth and Waveney

3

1

1

3

4

2

1

1

2

1

Luton

0

2

1

2

4

2

1

2

1

2

Mid Essex

1

2

1

0

2

1

1

0

3

2

Norfolk

0

2

2

2

1

0

1

1

0

0

North East Essex

10

7

9

2

5

4

9

3

5

4

Peterborough

2

1

1

3

1

0

1

1

1

2

South East Essex

6

0

1

2

2

1

0

2

0

1

South West Essex

3

1

1

5

3

1

0

0

0

0

Suffolk

12

5

7

5

5

1

3

3

3

2

West Essex

0

1

0

0

1

2

0

1

1

0

West Hertfordshire

5

3

5

3

2

4

2

1

0

1

London

42

31

27

35

18

19

26

22

21

23

Barking and Dagenham

1

0

0

0

0

1

1

1

0

0

Barnet

2

0

0

1

0

1

4

0

2

1

Bexley

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Brent Teaching

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

0

0

Bromley

1

1

1

1

0

0

1

1

2

2

Camden

1

0

2

2

1

0

1

2

1

0

City and Hackney Teaching

2

0

2

0

1

2

0

0

1

1

Croydon

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

1

1

1

Ealing

2

0

2

1

0

1

0

2

0

1

Enfield

5

1

1

5

3

0

1

0

0

1

Greenwich Teaching

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Hammersmith and Fulham

3

6

1

4

0

0

4

0

1

1

Haringey Teaching

0

1

0

2

3

1

0

0

1

0

Harrow

1

0

1

3

1

0

1

1

1

4

Havering

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

Hillingdon

1

3

2

2

0

1

0

2

0

0

Hounslow

1

1

0

2

0

2

1

2

0

1

Islington

3

0

3

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

Kensington and Chelsea

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

Kingston

0

1

2

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

Lambeth

0

0

0

2

0

2

0

0

0

0

Lewisham

2

1

1

2

3

1

3

2

2

3

Newham

2

1

0

3

1

2

3

1

0

2

Redbridge

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

Richmond and Twickenham

4

1

0

1

0

0

0

1

1

1

Southwark

1

2

1

1

0

1

1

1

0

0

Sutton and Merton

2

1

1

0

1

0

0

1

2

1

Tower Hamlets

2

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

Waltham Forest

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

2

1

Wandsworth

0

3

0

1

1

0

1

0

0

1

Westminster

1

2

3

1

1

1

1

0

0

0

South East Coast

40

29

34

26

23

19

19

16

12

17

Brighton and Hove City

8

5

3

0

1

2

1

1

0

0

East Sussex Downs and Weald

4

3

5

3

4

3

3

2

2

3

Eastern and Coastal Kent

4

3

4

5

4

1

2

2

0

2

Hastings and Rother

4

2

1

0

0

1

0

1

1

0

Medway

1

2

4

1

2

0

0

0

0

3

Surrey

8

5

9

4

3

3

6

5

5

3

West Kent

3

4

2

4

4

2

3

4

0

2

West Sussex

8

5

6

9

5

7

4

1

4

4

South Central

19

18

10

27

15

14

10

8

2

11

Berkshire East

2

2

1

6

3

3

2

1

0

1

Berkshire West

1

6

0

6

2

5

1

1

0

2

Buckinghamshire

2

3

4

5

1

0

0

0

0

1

Hampshire

10

5

2

2

1

4

3

1

1

5

Isle of Wight NHS

1

0

0

1

1

0

1

1

0

0

Milton Keynes

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

Oxfordshire

2

2

2

2

4

0

1

2

0

1

Portsmouth City Teaching

0

0

1

4

1

2

0

1

0

0

Southampton City

1

0

0

1

2

0

1

1

1

1

South West

56

37

29

21

30

24

21

18

17

18

Bath and North East Somerset

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

Bournemouth and Poole

2

1

6

0

2

4

1

1

4

4

Bristol

2

3

1

1

0

0

4

2

1

1

Cornwall and Isles of Scilly

8

6

2

3

2

5

0

3

1

1

Devon

9

5

7

5

9

3

1

1

5

3

Dorset

4

7

4

4

4

1

3

0

1

0

Gloucestershire

10

3

1

1

4

2

2

2

2

1

North Somerset

1

3

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

1

North Staffordshire

0

1

3

0

2

0

2

2

0

1

Plymouth Teaching

6

3

1

2

0

0

2

3

0

3

Somerset

5

2

1

3

2

3

2

2

2

0

South Gloucestershire

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

Swindon

0

1

0

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

Torbay

4

2

1

0

3

3

2

0

0

1

Wiltshire

4

0

2

1

1

1

0

1

0

1

1 Hypothermia was defined using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) code 991.6 for the years 1996 to 2000, and the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code T68, for the years 2001 to 2006. Deaths were included where hypothermia was mentioned anywhere on the death certificate.

2 Based on boundaries as of 2008.

3 Figures are for deaths registered in each calendar year.