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Foreign Workers: EU Nationals

Volume 470: debated on Thursday 17 January 2008

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer pursuant to the answer of 19 November 2007, Official Report, columns 583-4W, on foreign workers: EU nationals, what was (a) the number of people of working age in employment, (b) the working age population and (c) the working age population employment rate of (i) the UK, (ii) UK citizens, (iii) UK born citizens, (iv) non-UK citizens and (v) EU A8 citizens was in each year since 2001. (169408)

[holding answer 29 November 2007]: The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated 16 January 2008:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question about (a) the number of people of working age in employment, (b) the working age population and (c) the working age population employment rate of (i) the UK, (ii) UK citizens, (iii) UK born citizens, (iv) non-UK citizens and (v) EU A8 citizens in each year since 2001, (169408)

The attached table gives the working age population, employment level and rate, for the categories requested for the three month period ending June each year, from 2001 to 2007.

The data for analysing migrant workers comes from the Labour Force Survey. The National Statistics method for estimating the number of migrant workers employed in the UK is routinely based on the number of people at a given time who were born abroad, are of working age (16 - 64 for men, 16-59 for women), and in employment. However, you have requested data analysed by nationality and this is the basis on which this PQ has been answered.

When interpreting the figures in the table, it is important to bear in mind that the Labour Force Survey (LFS) is not designed to cover everyone who is present in the UK. The survey may undercount the numbers of people who were born overseas. The reasons are set out in the table footnote.

As with any sample survey, estimates from the LFS are subject to a margin of uncertainty.

Working age1 population, in employment and in employment rate2 by nationality3 United Kingdom, not seasonally adjusted, April to June 2001 to 2007

thousand—except where indicated

A

B

C

D

E

Total UK4

UK nationals

UK-born UK nationals

Non-UK nationals

EU A8 nationals

2001

Population

35,794

33,914

32,362

1,874

46

In employment

26,607

25,452

24,411

1,153

29

Employment rate (percentage)

74

75

75

62

62

2002

Population

35,989

33,996

32,391

1,991

46

In employment

26,735

25,499

24,408

1,234

28

Employment rate (percentage)

74

75

75

62

60

2003

Population

36,138

34,027

32,318

2,111

53

In employment

26,935

25,614

24,453

1,321

29

Employment rate (percentage)

75

75

76

63

54

2004

Population

36,291

34,078

32,364

2,206

78

In employment

27,015

25,585

24,444

1,429

62

Employment rate (percentage)

74

75

76

65

79

2005

Population

36,434

34,049

32,288

2,379

167

In employment

27,136

25,615

24,425

1,518

136

Employment rate (percentage)

75

75

76

64

82

2006

Population

36,587

33,991

32,098

2,591

285

In employment

27,187

25,430

24,153

1,756

236

Employment rate (percentage)

74

75

75

68

83

2007

Population

36,708

33,713

31,807

2,972

501

In employment

27,226

25,205

23,916

2,014

410

Employment rate (percentage)

74

75

75

68

82

1 Men aged 16 to 64 and women aged 16 to 59.

2 Number of people in employment of working age as a percentage of all persons of working age.

3 Including country of birth for UK-born UK nationals.

4 Column A equals column B plus column D plus those who did not state their nationality.

Note:

It should be noted that the above estimates:

exclude certain people who have been resident in the UK for less than six months;

exclude students in halls of residence who do not have a UK resident parent;

exclude people in most types of communal establishment (e.g. hotels, boarding houses, hostels, mobile home sites etc.);

are grossed to population estimates that only include migrants staying 12 months or more;

are grossed to population estimates consistent with those published in spring 2003 which are significantly lower than the latest population estimates as used in the Labour Market Statistics monthly First Release.

Source:

ONS Labour Force Survey (LFS)