Skip to main content

Arrests

Volume 470: debated on Thursday 24 January 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many (a) prosecutions have been made and (b) fixed penalty notices have been issued by (i) police and (ii) local authorities for (A) fly tipping, (B) graffiti, (C) dog fouling, (D) the dropping of litter and (E) parking offences in each year since 1997. (176115)

I have been asked to reply.

Information on prosecutions at magistrates courts is held by the Ministry of Justice for (A) fly tipping offences, (B) ‘other’ criminal damage, (C) dog fouling, (D) littering and (E) parking offences since 1997; these are provided in the following tables. The offence class of ‘other’ criminal damage includes, but cannot separately identify, offences of graffiti. Data on fly posting offences cannot be separately identified from the data held by the Ministry of Justice.

(A) Fly tipping

Number of defendants proceeded against at magistrates court

2006

1,791

2005

1,550

2004

1,317

2003

985

2002

922

2001

732

2000

648

1999

564

1998

516

1997

393

(B) ‘Other’ criminal damage

Number of defendants proceeded against at magistrates court

2006

13,478

2005

12,368

2004

13,359

2003

13,852

2002

14,152

2001

13,820

2000

12,802

1999

13,932

1998

14,148

1997

13,734

(C) Dog Fouling

Number of defendants proceeded against at magistrates court

2006

404

2005

473

2004

461

2003

454

2002

355

2001

366

2000

341

1999

294

1998

184

1997

45

(D) Littering

Number of defendants proceeded against at magistrates court

2006

2,031

2005

1,447

2004

909

2003

552

2002

333

2001

457

2000

466

1999

506

1998

496

1997

506

(E) Parking Offences

Number of defendants proceeded against at magistrates court

2006

9,059

2005

10,972

2004

14,710

2003

17,729

2002

17,554

2001

18,966

2000

19,624

1999

22,869

1998

23,572

1997

21,051

Data are collected by DEFRA on the number of Fixed Penalty Notices (FPNs) issued by local authorities, and how many had subsequently been taken to prosecution due to non-payment. Police Community Support Officers can issue FPNs if they have the relevant approval; such FPNs are issued on behalf of the local authority and are included in the aggregated figure provided by each local authority to DEFRA each year. FPNs cannot be issued for fly tipping offences.

The numbers of FPNs issued for each offence each year are included in the following tables.

(B) Graffiti

Reporting year (April to March)

Number of Fixed Penalty Notices issued

Number of cases taken to court following non-payment

2006-07

42

2

2005-06

47

3

2004-05

19

2

As the power to issue FPNs for graffiti offences was introduced in 2003, statistics do not exist prior to this date.

(C) Dog Fouling

Reporting year (April to March)

Number of Fixed Penalty Notices issued

Number of cases taken to court following non-payment

2006-07

3,675

205

2005-06

4,066

303

2004-05

3,557

330

2003-04

2,742

193

2002-03

2,036

127

2001-02

2,311

190

2000-01

1,817

91

1999-2000

1,545

111

1998-99

1,321

90

1997-98

292

11

(D) Litter

Reporting Year

Number of Fixed Penalty Notices issued

Number of cases taken to court following non-payment

2006-07

43,624

2,144

2005-06

33,033

1,002

2004-05

25,216

1,100

2003-04

7,565

266

2002-03

12,820

169

2001-02

11,615

175

2000-01

2,247

66

1999-2000

2,970

30

1998-99

4,777

13

1997-98

727

74

The parking offences for which a FPN can be issued are nuisance parking and abandoned vehicles, as defined in the Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005. The first year of available data is for the period April 2006 to March 2007.

Reporting yearApril 2006 to March 2007

Number of Fixed Penalty Notices issued

Number of cases taken to court following non-payment

(E(i)) Nuisance parking

1,657

0

(E(ii)) Abandoned vehicles

469

16

The police can issue penalty notices for disorder (PNDs) which can include offences such as littering. The littering offence was added to the PND scheme in 2004 when it was rolled out nationally.

Data on the number of PNDs issued for littering broken down by police force area are published as a part of the publication ‘Penalty Notices for Disorder’ for 2004 data and as a part of ‘Criminal Statistics, England and Wales 2006’ (for 2005 and 2006 data). These are available on the Ministry of Justice website.