Many African countries have made specific commitments on HIV prevention that are articulated in their National AIDS plans. For example, the new South African National Strategic Plan (2007-11) for HIV and AIDS identifies HIV prevention as one of its four priorities. The plan includes the following targets: 80 per cent. on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) by 2011; 50 per cent. reduction of new HIV infections by 2011; 70 per cent. of the adult population to be tested; and a target to reduce mother to child transmission to 5 per cent.
Regionally, African Union (AU) member states have made key commitments to scale up evidence based HIV prevention services. For example, African Union Health Ministers unanimously agreed the Maputo Plan of Action in September 2006, which included commitments to achieve better family planning, improved contraceptive commodity security and action to reduce unsafe abortion.