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Employment

Volume 472: debated on Monday 25 February 2008

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer (1) what estimate he has made of the number of non-UK citizens in (a) unskilled and (b) semi-skilled employment in the UK in each year since 1997; (177468)

(2) what the working age employment rate of (a) UK nationals and (b) the UK population who were (i) unskilled, (ii) semi-skilled and (iii) skilled workers was in each year since 2001; and what research he has (A) commissioned and (B) evaluated on changes in these employment rates.

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Colin Mowl, dated 25 February 2008:

The National Statistician has been asked to reply to your two Parliamentary Questions. The first is about the number of (a) UK nationals and (b) the UK 60 million population who were (i) unskilled, (ii) semi-skilled and (iii) skilled workers was in each year since 2001; and what research has been (A) commissioned and (B) evaluated on changes in these employment rates. The second is about the number of non UK citizens in (a) unskilled and (b) semi-skilled employment in the UK in each year since 1997. I am replying in her absence. (177468, 177469)

The data for analysing migrant workers comes from the Labour Force Survey. The National Statistics method for estimating the number of migrant workers employed in the UK is based on the number of people at a given time who were born abroad, are of working age (16 - 64 for men, 16-59 for women), and in employment. However, you have requested data analysed by nationality and this is the basis on which this PQ has been answered.

The attached table gives the number and proportion of UK nationals, foreign nationals and all people in employment, for the three month period ending June each year, from 2001 to 2007. Comparable estimates are not available before 2001. The National Statistics Socio-economic Classification has been used to categorise the population and provide the employment status of each working age adult.

I am advised that the Government has not commissioned research on the changes in the employment rate of skilled and non-skilled workers since 2001. As part of the Leitch Review of Skills, published in 2006, projections of employment demand by skill level and occupation was commissioned from Cambridge Econometrics and the Warwick Institute of Employment Studies. Further information can be found at:

http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/independent_reviews/leitch_review/review_leitch_index.cfm

It is important to bear in mind that the Labour Force Survey (LFS) is not designed to cover everyone who is present in the UK. The survey may undercount the numbers of people who were born overseas.

As with any sample survey, estimates from the LFS are subject to a margin of uncertainty.

Working age1 employment level and rate2, by socio-economic classification (NS-SEC) and nationality, April to June, 2001-07, United Kingdom, not seasonally adjusted

Thousands, except where indicated

All SEC categories3,4

Higher managerial and professional

Lower managerial and professional

Intermediate occupations

Level

Rate (%)

Level

Rate (%)

Level

Rate (%)

Level

Rate (%)

2001

UK Nationals

24,323

86.1

3,165

92.6

6,482

90.7

3,219

87.5

Non-UK Nationals

1,089

81.0

226

90.3

283

84.4

112

81.7

Total5

25,413

85.9

3,393

92.4

6,765

90.4

3,330

87.3

2002

UK Nationals

24,360

86.3

3,128

91.7

6,735

90.3

3,183

87.5

Non-UK Nationals

1,164

81.4

210

87.1

347

86.7

102

78.1

Total5

25,525

86.0

3,339

91.4

7,082

90.2

3,286

87.2

2003

UK Nationals

24,492

86.4

3,271

92.1

6,840

90.5

3,098

86.8

Non-UK Nationals

1,238

82.4

232

89.1

352

88.8

133

79.7

Total5

25,730

86.2

3,503

91.9

7,192

90.4

3,232

86.5

2004

UK Nationals

24,414

86.6

3,355

92.6

6,928

90.8

3,046

87.4

Non-UK Nationals

1,343

84.3

260

91.5

359

87.7

130

84.0

Total5

25,758

86.5

3,615

92.5

7,287

90.6

3,176

87.2

2005

UK Nationals

24,465

87.0

3,441

92.9

6,973

91.0

3,027

87.7

Non-UK Nationals

1,424

84.4

273

89.0

373

88.2

130

79.1

Total5

25,891

86.9

3,715

92.6

7,347

90.9

3,158

87.3

2006

UK Nationals

24,241

86.9

3,490

92.6

7,107

91.2

3,019

87.3

Non-UK Nationals

1,636

86.4

311

93.4

401

87.6

120

83.7

Total5

25,879

86.9

3,801

92.7

7,508

91.0

3,139

87.2

2007

UK Nationals

24,071

87.0

3,494

92.8

6,924

91.0

3,002

87.4

Non-UK Nationals

1,895

86.4

346

92.4

433

89.5

141

77.3

Total5

25,973

86.9

3,841

92.7

7,360

90.9

3,143

86.9

Small employers and own account workersLower supervisory and technicalSemi-routine occupationsRoutine occupations

Level

Rate (%)

Level

Rate (%)

Level

Rate (%)

Level

Rate (%)

2001

UK Nationals

2,171

89.3

2,824

86.3

3,707

79.5

2,755

76.0

Non-UK Nationals

97

79.0

80

77.7

158

72.9

133

74.4

Total5

2,267

88.8

2,904

86.0

3,865

79.2

2,888

76.0

2002

UK Nationals

2,227

89.9

2,838

86.1

3,572

79.5

2,677

77.1

Non-UK Nationals

96

83.2

96

82.9

174

73.2

139

73.8

Total5

2,323

89.6

2,934

86.0

3,746

79.2

2,815

76.9

2003

UK Nationals

2,336

90.6

2,759

86.0

3,619

79.5

2,569

76.9

Non-UK Nationals

102

79.1

100

84.4

176

72.9

143

75.1

Total5

2,437

90.0

2,858

85.9

3,796

79.2

2,712

76.8

2004

UK Nationals

2,380

91.3

2,744

86.2

3,491

79.0

2,470

76.6

Non-UK Nationals

134

85.2

109

86.6

184

72.0

168

80.8

Total5

2,514

90.9

2,853

86.2

3,675

78.6

2,639

76.8

2005

UK Nationals

2,331

90.0

2,736

86.6

3,502

80.3

2,456

77.0

Non-UK Nationals

121

84.3

103

82.8

234

82.7

190

78.6

Total5

2,453

89.7

2,838

86.4

3,735

80.5

2,645

77.1

2006

UK Nationals

2,320

89.4

2,563

86.7

3,346

78.6

2,395

78.2

Non-UK Nationals

156

90.1

139

88.1

285

80.7

225

81.8

Total5

2,477

89.4

2,702

86.8

3,632

78.8

2,620

78.5

2007

UK Nationals

2,346

90.3

2,604

86.9

3,342

79.1

2,360

77.4

Non-UK Nationals

169

87.5

146

86.3

353

82.6

307

84.4

Total5

2,515

90.1

2,751

86.9

3,696

79.5

2,667

78.1

1 Men aged 16 to 64 and women aged 16 to 59.

2 Number of people in employment of working age as a percentage of all persons of working age in the relevant group.

3 Excludes those who have never worked or are long-term unemployed.

4 Includes those who did not state their socio-economic classification.

5 Includes those who did not state their nationality.

Source:

ONS Labour Force Survey (LFS)

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will give a break down of the number of people in employment in (a) each region and (b) each local authority area who were (i) UK citizens, (ii) citizens of other EU states and (iii) citizens of non-EU states in (A) spring 2004 and (B) Quarter 2 2007. (177482)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Colin Mowl, dated 25 February 2008:

The National Statistician has been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question asking for a break down of the number of people in employment in (a) each region and (b) each local authority area who were (i) UK citizens, (ii) citizens of other EU states and (iii) citizens of non-EU states in (A) spring 2004 and (B) Quarter 2 2007. I am replying in her absence. (177482).

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) compiles statistics of employment for local areas from the Annual Population Survey (APS) following International Labour Organisation definitions.

The National Statistics method for estimating the number of migrant workers employed in the UK is based on the number of people at a given time who were born abroad, are of working age (16 - 64 for men, 16 - 59 for women), and in employment. However, you have requested data analysed by nationality and this is the basis on which this PQ has been answered.

It is important to bear in mind that the APS is not designed to cover everyone who is present in the UK. The survey may undercount the numbers of people who are foreign nationals. The reasons are set out in the table footnote.

The APS estimates at this detailed level are only available consistent with population estimates published in February and March 2003 and are not comparable with the estimates published in the Labour Market Statistics First Release on 14 November 2007, which are based on latest population estimates.

Tables 1 and 2, attached, shows estimates for the 12 month periods ending in March 2005 and June 2007 from the APS. Table 1 shows the number of working age employed persons in each Government Office region by nationality. Table 2 shows the number of working age employed persons in each local authority by nationality. Copies of the tables have been placed in the House of Commons Library.

These estimates, as with any from sample surveys, are subject to a margin of uncertainty. Changes in the estimates over time should be treated with particular caution.